Reflexive Verbs in Spanish

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Reflexive Verbs in Spanish

  1. 1. Reflexive Verbs
  2. 2. When you use reflexive verbs, the subject does the action and also receives it. Example of a Reflexive action: I brush my teeth. This means I brush my teeth myself. It is an action that I am doing to myself. If the sentence is I brush my dog , it is not a reflexive action because I am not receiving the action, the dog is receiving it.
  3. 3. María brushes her hair She is brushing her own hair, so it is a reflexive action. Marta brushes Ana’s hair She is not brushing her own hair. She is brushing Ana’s hair, so it is not a reflexive action.
  4. 4. All reflexive verbs in Spanish have ‘se’ attached to it. This helps you identify if the verb is reflexive or not. <ul><li>Some examples of reflexive verbs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>afeitarse – to shave oneself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ducharse – to shower oneself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cepillarse – to brush oneself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lavarse – to wash oneself </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Let’s review some of the reflexive verbs
  6. 21. To use the reflexive verbs, it is important to know the reflexive pronouns. ( herself ) ( himself ) ( yourself ) polite ( yourself ) ( myself ) (ourselves) ( yourselves) ( themselves ) masc. ( themselves ) fem.
  7. 22. How to use the reflexive pronouns with verbs like necesitar , querer , deber , pensar , tener que , ir a , etc. <ul><li>When you use reflexive verbs, you must make sure that you remove the ‘se’ from the verb and replace it with the correct reflexive pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>The reflexive pronoun must match the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>I need to brush my teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Yo necesito cepillar me los dientes. </li></ul>
  8. 23. Let’s see some more examples: <ul><li>We must wake up early everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros debemos despertar nos temprano. </li></ul><ul><li>Are you going to take a shower now? </li></ul><ul><li>¿ Tú vas a duchar te ahora? </li></ul><ul><li>I want to put on makeup today. </li></ul><ul><li>Yo quiero maquillar me hoy. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro plans on shaving afterwards. </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro piensa afeitar se después. </li></ul>

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