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  1. 1. Open Access Publishing : Moving from Hype to Practice Steven Mandeville-Gamble Associate University Librarian for Collections and Scholarly Communication Society of Scholarly Publishing Conference, May 27, 2009
  2. 2. Outlinen How is open access viewed by librariansn How is open access publishing being taken up by professional librarians in general and collection development librarians in particular.n Practical issues as librarians move from hype to practicen Scholarly Communication efforts in Libraries: the librarian as publisher
  3. 3. Open Access: Views of the Librarian(s)n The library literature and water cooler conversations reflect a range of opinions regarding open access n Salvation from the serial crisis n Peter Suber’ article “ s Removing the Barriers to Research: an introduction to Open Access for Librarians”(College & Research Libraries News, 64 (February 2003) pp. 92-94, 113). n Cautious optimism n Open-minded skepticism n The Doubters
  4. 4. How are Librarians working with Open Access Contentn Some librarians/libraries have suggested spending a specific percentage of their collections budgets to support open access initiatives n E.g. David W. Lewis, Dean of the IUPUI University Library and Vice President of Scholarly Communication, article “Library Budgets, Open Access, and the Future of Scholarly Communication”(IUPUI ScholarWorks, 2007. URI:
  5. 5. How are Librarians working with Open Access Contentn Creating numerous blogs to share information with one another: n OA Librarian ( n Open Access News ( l) n Open Access Directory (
  6. 6. How are Librarians working with Open Access Contentn Identifying online sites listing scholarly open access journals: n Directory of Open Access Journals ( 9) n Open J-Gate (
  7. 7. How are Librarians working with Open Access Contentn Founding organizations, organizing conferences, and just plain organizing n SPARC ( n See: SPARC’ Advocacy site: ( s n Open Access and Libraries Conference 2009 ( n Open Access Tracking Project ( )
  8. 8. How are Librarians working with Open Access Contentn Advocacy in favor of Open Access n E.g. ALA opposing HR 801 “ Fair Copyright in The Research Works Act” introduced by Rep. Conyers , (D-MI)
  9. 9. How are Librarians working with Open Access Contentn What are librarians NOT doing? n Not cancelling paid subscription journals in favor of open access journals n Not by-and-large choosing open access journals as opposed to paid subscription journals based on open access model alone, though there is some pressure to do so. (See Stanford’ Faculty Senate Resolution) s
  10. 10. Issuesn Discovery and selection of contentn Professional/Academic attitudes towards Open Access contentn Longevity/durability of contentn Long-term access to content
  11. 11. One Library’ Response to the Issues sn At GWU, we are evaluating all content, open access or otherwise, in terms of its scholarly/resource content n Working with the Collection Development staff on how to identify open access content n Working towards methodologies to evaluate OA journals in terms of scholarly content
  12. 12. One Library’ Response to the Issues sn At GWU, we are describing open access content in such a way as to be able to make it discoverable n Developing automated processes to import and create catalog records for items in the DOAJ
  13. 13. One Library’ Response to the Issues sn We are implementing policies and procedures - such as joining the LOCKSS Alliance and PORTICO - to make that content available to our researchers regardless of what happens to the creators of the content.
  14. 14. One Library’ Response to the Issues sn We are working with the faculty to explain the difference between open access and peer review n Faculty Senate Committee on Research n Faculty Senate Committee on Libraries
  15. 15. One Library’ Response to the Issues sn We are treating open access content as additive to instead of as a replacement for our current subscription-based journalsn Continuing to pay for subscriptions to Open Access journals if their for-pay interfaces are superior/meet the needs of our researchers
  16. 16. Scholarly Communication and Open Access Publishingn The role of Scholarly Communication units in libraries on the open access landscape varies greatlyn Institutional Repository vs. “Roach Motel”n Open Access Publisher vs. “ Boutique operations”
  17. 17. Conclusion(s)n Libraries and librarians are moving from the hype of open access towards implementation/ adoption / accommodationn Most are feeling their way as they go and sharing their experience with others (Blind leading the blind? Or The one-eyed leading the blind?)n Not endangering traditional publishers IF those publishers sell services not contentn As Prosser and Ayris have indicated, if libraries shun their roles as leaders of the open access movement, we will find ourselves sidelined n Prosser, David and Paul Ayris. “ACRL/SPARC Forum explores open access models: the future of scholarly publishing”(C&RL News, Vol. 68, no. 9 (September 2007))
  18. 18. Conclusion(s)n Ultimately, publishers may have to heed the admonitions of John H. Graham, President and Chief Executive Officer of the American society of Association Executives, who exhorted society publishers to stop charging for the content and instead figure out ways to charge for value- added services. (“Fear Factor: Membership retention. How has the Electronic Age affected Society membership?”Allen Press Seminar Keynote Speech, April 17, 2008)