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Immune Attack
 Using a 3rd Person Shooter to Teach Molecular Biology, and
Other New Ways to Present Data and Build an Audience for It



                 Melanie A. Stegman, Ph.D.
                             Director,
                  Learning Technologies Program
                 Federation of American Scientists



                                                        FAS.org/blog/LearningTech
                                                      WWW.FAS.org/programs/LTP


                           National Institute of
                           Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Immune Attack             …by the Federation of American Scientists




        Watch our game trailer at www.immuneattack.org
Outline
FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy
       Digital Promise
       Department of Education Technology Plan
       STEM Video Game Challenge(s)

Games teach, games make us aware,
   games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer
       Games for Change
       Salubrious Nation
       Immune Attack

How do I make a game to teach?
       Get an expert on your team.
       Plan for a long process.
       Learn to speak game.
FAS Report on Games in Learning
                           6 Roadmaps + Executive Summary
                               Instructional Design
                               Question Generation & Answering Systems
                               Simulations and Exploration Environments
                               Learning Modeling & Assessment
                               Building & Maintaining Learning Systems
                               Games for Learning

                           Multi-disciplinary, multi-year effort
                               Input from over 100 learning science
                                  and computer/information science researchers
                                  from academia, industry, Department of Defense…
                               3 multi-day workshops
                               Numerous interviews
                               Detailed description of research priorities,
                                    R&D chronology, and metrics


http://www.fas.org/programs/ltp/policy_and_publications/summit/index.html
FAS Report on Games in Learning 2005
             http://www.fas.org/programs/ltp/policy_and_publications/summit/index.html




            National Academies of Science 2009
            Learning Science Through Computer Games and Simulations
             http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13078



Michelle Obama, Healthy Apps for Kids, Barack Obama, STEM Game challenge,
Department of Education, Education Technology Plan, DigitalPromise.org
Games for Health, Global Game Jams, Serious Games Summit at GDC,
Rice, MIT, NYU, GT, GMU and many other Learning Game Development Graduate Programs
                      http://www.fas.org/blog/learningtech
                      MelanieAnnS on Twitter
How do games teach us?


             You know these guys
             You know what they do
             You know how they relate to each other
             You know what regulates their interactions


                                                 …
You know the answer to all these questions:
                                                   Which one is Pacman?
                                                   What does Pacman do?
                                                   How does he do it?
                                                   Who are the ghosts?
                                                   What do they do?
                                                   What do they do to Pacman?
                                                   What does Pacman do to them?
                                                   Is their relationship static?
                                                   What causes changes in their relationship?
                                                   Does Pacman move randomly?
                                                   Do the other guys move randomly?

                                                  “The activities of the ghosts are regulated in
                                                  a contact dependent manner by the big
                                                  pellets and this changes the effect Pac-man
                                                  has on the ghosts.”
                                                                       In biochemical language.


You would not be intimidated if your teacher said class was about these guys, if you saw them in
                                                               the newspaper, or at a museum…
Outline
FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy
       Digital Promise
       Department of Education Technology Plan
       STEM Video Game Challenge(s)

Games teach, games make us aware,
   games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer
       Games for Change                        games4change.org
       Salubrious Nation
       Immune Attack

How do I make a game to teach?
       Get an expert on your team.
       Plan for a long process.
       Learn to speak game.
Game format changes how people interact with data



                                         Nick Diakopoulos, Ph.D.
                                              Computing Innovation
                                                    Fellow, Postdoc
                                                  Rutgers’ School of
                                                Communication and
                                                       Information.




                                     www.nickdiakopoulos.com
Outline
FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy
       Digital Promise
       Department of Education Technology Plan
       STEM Video Game Challenge(s)

Games teach, games make us aware,
   games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer
       Games for Change
       Salubrious Nation
       Immune Attack

How do I make a game to teach?
       Get an expert on your team.
       Plan for a long process.
       Learn to speak game.
Outline: How do I make a game to teach?
Examples from Immune Attack production
Get an expert on your team.
         A few hours with a “subject Matter Expert” is not enough
         High a post doc:
             Very successful post docs are underpaid with extremely poor
             (academic) job prospects
Plan for a long process.
         “A game is never done, it is just shipped.”
             Immune Attack 1 is a beta version. A few more cycles
             of iteration –just for user interface issues– would have made it
             1000% more popular.
Learn to speak game.
         FPS, 3PS, TD, RTS, RPC,
         Make the game mechanic match your learning objectives
http://www.fas.org/programs/ltp/policy_and_publications/summit/index.html
Program       Game
          Scientific
Writer                                                                    mers       Designer
          advisors
                                                                              Medical/Sci
                                                     Game                        entific
     Writing                 Scientists
                                                    Designers                 Illustrators




                                           Play
                                          Testing


                                                           Players    Teachers
Is it fun?
Is it accurate?
Does it teach what we intended it to teach?
Is what we intend to teach useful to anyone?                     Evaluators
Who will pay for this?
Play testing with target audience revealed that searching for bacteria in
connective tissue was too hard




   Resolving the issue requires scientists’ input…. Or else you get bacteria that
                                        make noise. Close working relationship!
Program        Game
              Scientific
   Writer                                                                      mers        Designer
              advisors

                                                          Game                         Writer
         Writing                  Scientists
                                                         Designers




                                                Play
                                               Testing
What do we want to teach?
How will we teach it?
Create a draft = First Playable or paper version                Players    Teachers
Is it fun?
Is it accurate?
Does it teach what we intended it to teach?
Is what we intend to teach useful to anyone?                          Evaluators
Who will pay for this?
Tower Defense Game: Fun, strategic, easy to start, challenging to finish




Desktop Tower Defense at Kongregate.com
Castle Defense Game: Small but important differences from the TD
Outline
FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy
       Digital Promise
       Department of Education Technology Plan
       STEM Video Game Challenge(s)

Games teach, games make us aware,
   games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer
       Games for Change
       Salubrious Nation
       Immune Attack

How do I make a game to teach?
       Get an expert on your team.
       Plan for a long process.
       Learn to speak game.
Immune Attack
 Using a 3rd Person Shooter to Teach Molecular Biology, and
Other New Ways to Present Data and Build an Audience for It



                 Melanie A. Stegman, Ph.D.
                             Director,
                  Learning Technologies Program
                 Federation of American Scientists



                                                        FAS.org/blog/LearningTech
                                                      WWW.FAS.org/programs/LTP


                           National Institute of
                           Allergy and Infectious Diseases

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382 sspin2011 melaniestegman

  • 1. Immune Attack Using a 3rd Person Shooter to Teach Molecular Biology, and Other New Ways to Present Data and Build an Audience for It Melanie A. Stegman, Ph.D. Director, Learning Technologies Program Federation of American Scientists FAS.org/blog/LearningTech WWW.FAS.org/programs/LTP National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
  • 2. Immune Attack …by the Federation of American Scientists Watch our game trailer at www.immuneattack.org
  • 3. Outline FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy Digital Promise Department of Education Technology Plan STEM Video Game Challenge(s) Games teach, games make us aware, games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer Games for Change Salubrious Nation Immune Attack How do I make a game to teach? Get an expert on your team. Plan for a long process. Learn to speak game.
  • 4. FAS Report on Games in Learning 6 Roadmaps + Executive Summary Instructional Design Question Generation & Answering Systems Simulations and Exploration Environments Learning Modeling & Assessment Building & Maintaining Learning Systems Games for Learning Multi-disciplinary, multi-year effort Input from over 100 learning science and computer/information science researchers from academia, industry, Department of Defense… 3 multi-day workshops Numerous interviews Detailed description of research priorities, R&D chronology, and metrics http://www.fas.org/programs/ltp/policy_and_publications/summit/index.html
  • 5. FAS Report on Games in Learning 2005 http://www.fas.org/programs/ltp/policy_and_publications/summit/index.html National Academies of Science 2009 Learning Science Through Computer Games and Simulations http://www.nap.edu/catalog.php?record_id=13078 Michelle Obama, Healthy Apps for Kids, Barack Obama, STEM Game challenge, Department of Education, Education Technology Plan, DigitalPromise.org Games for Health, Global Game Jams, Serious Games Summit at GDC, Rice, MIT, NYU, GT, GMU and many other Learning Game Development Graduate Programs http://www.fas.org/blog/learningtech MelanieAnnS on Twitter
  • 6. How do games teach us? You know these guys You know what they do You know how they relate to each other You know what regulates their interactions …
  • 7. You know the answer to all these questions: Which one is Pacman? What does Pacman do? How does he do it? Who are the ghosts? What do they do? What do they do to Pacman? What does Pacman do to them? Is their relationship static? What causes changes in their relationship? Does Pacman move randomly? Do the other guys move randomly? “The activities of the ghosts are regulated in a contact dependent manner by the big pellets and this changes the effect Pac-man has on the ghosts.” In biochemical language. You would not be intimidated if your teacher said class was about these guys, if you saw them in the newspaper, or at a museum…
  • 8. Outline FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy Digital Promise Department of Education Technology Plan STEM Video Game Challenge(s) Games teach, games make us aware, games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer Games for Change games4change.org Salubrious Nation Immune Attack How do I make a game to teach? Get an expert on your team. Plan for a long process. Learn to speak game.
  • 9. Game format changes how people interact with data Nick Diakopoulos, Ph.D. Computing Innovation Fellow, Postdoc Rutgers’ School of Communication and Information. www.nickdiakopoulos.com
  • 10. Outline FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy Digital Promise Department of Education Technology Plan STEM Video Game Challenge(s) Games teach, games make us aware, games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer Games for Change Salubrious Nation Immune Attack How do I make a game to teach? Get an expert on your team. Plan for a long process. Learn to speak game.
  • 11. Outline: How do I make a game to teach? Examples from Immune Attack production Get an expert on your team. A few hours with a “subject Matter Expert” is not enough High a post doc: Very successful post docs are underpaid with extremely poor (academic) job prospects Plan for a long process. “A game is never done, it is just shipped.” Immune Attack 1 is a beta version. A few more cycles of iteration –just for user interface issues– would have made it 1000% more popular. Learn to speak game. FPS, 3PS, TD, RTS, RPC, Make the game mechanic match your learning objectives
  • 13. Program Game Scientific Writer mers Designer advisors Medical/Sci Game entific Writing Scientists Designers Illustrators Play Testing Players Teachers Is it fun? Is it accurate? Does it teach what we intended it to teach? Is what we intend to teach useful to anyone? Evaluators Who will pay for this?
  • 14. Play testing with target audience revealed that searching for bacteria in connective tissue was too hard Resolving the issue requires scientists’ input…. Or else you get bacteria that make noise. Close working relationship!
  • 15. Program Game Scientific Writer mers Designer advisors Game Writer Writing Scientists Designers Play Testing What do we want to teach? How will we teach it? Create a draft = First Playable or paper version Players Teachers Is it fun? Is it accurate? Does it teach what we intended it to teach? Is what we intend to teach useful to anyone? Evaluators Who will pay for this?
  • 16. Tower Defense Game: Fun, strategic, easy to start, challenging to finish Desktop Tower Defense at Kongregate.com
  • 17. Castle Defense Game: Small but important differences from the TD
  • 18. Outline FAS, Immune Attack, and Learning Technology Policy Digital Promise Department of Education Technology Plan STEM Video Game Challenge(s) Games teach, games make us aware, games keep us on websites, interacting with data longer Games for Change Salubrious Nation Immune Attack How do I make a game to teach? Get an expert on your team. Plan for a long process. Learn to speak game.
  • 19. Immune Attack Using a 3rd Person Shooter to Teach Molecular Biology, and Other New Ways to Present Data and Build an Audience for It Melanie A. Stegman, Ph.D. Director, Learning Technologies Program Federation of American Scientists FAS.org/blog/LearningTech WWW.FAS.org/programs/LTP National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases