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298 winter


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298 winter

  1. 1. Internet Archaeology: a study in links, levels and layers Judith Winters Editor Internet Archaeology
  2. 2. Archaeological publishing1900-1950Publication seen as an integral part of archaeological excavation1960s and 1970sShift from exhaustive to selective publication. Primary record is archiverather than the publicationTodayGreat variation in publication policy across the disciplineGreater integration between description and interpretation
  3. 3. Internet Archaeology• issue 1 published in 1996• peer-reviewed content• international - no chronological restrictions• no print equivalent• text, data, images, VRML, QTVR, SVG, video, sound,• archived by Archaeology Data Service
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  5. 5. Journal background1995 - 3 year grant from eLib programme1998 - grant extension2000 - subscriptions (institutional and individual),publication subventions, advertising2007 – JISC ‘Open Access’ agreement for UKHigher and Further Education institutions
  6. 6. Enriching archaeology• 21st century archaeology is ‘born digital’• a like-minded medium• data• addresses concerns about dissemination and multi- vocality• facilitates the opening up of our work and our interpretations to critical inquiry, immediately and on a global scale
  7. 7. The Development of the Clay Tobacco Pipe Kiln in the British Isles. Issue 1
  8. 8. The Development of the Clay Tobacco Pipe Kiln in the British Isles. Issue 1
  9. 9. The Ave Valley Survey, Northern Portugal. Issue 9
  10. 10. Anglian and Anglo-Scandinavian Cottam: linking digital publication and archive. Issue 10
  11. 11. The LEAP project• Linking Electronic Archives and Publications• Funded by the Arts and Humanities ResearchCouncil (AHRC) under the ICT StrategyProgramme• To investigate ways in which electronicpublication can provide broad access to researchfindings and make underlying data available in sucha way so that readers are enabled to drill downseamlessly into online archives to testinterpretations and develop their own
  12. 12. Changing Settlements and Landscapes: Medieval Whittlewood, its Predecessors and Successors. Issue 19
  13. 13. Joining the Dots: Continuous Survey, Routine Practice and the Interpretation of a Cypriot Landscape. Issue 20
  14. 14. Silchester Roman Town Insula IX: The Development of an Urban Property c. AD 40-50 - c. AD 250
  15. 15. The landscapes of Islamic Merv, Turkmenistan. Issue 25
  16. 16. Features• allows users to explore the links between interpretation andunderlying data through a variety of interfaces (maps, plans)• article still interprets the site in the light of the originalresearch agenda and ‘tells a story’• data is made available and linked to the interpretation so thatusers can examine the assumptions upon which theinterpretations rest• multiple pathways through the text into and out of archive
  17. 17. Preservation issuesDigital data is fragile• no changes post-publication• hardware and software changes• ongoing maintenance (migration) of content (especially databases/GIS)• formats (web standards) - prioritises content rather than presentationShared infrastructure with ADS
  18. 18. Production issues• flexible, responsive approach – rights, commissioning content, keeping options open, no rigid template• appropriate standards - interoperability and longevity, standard file formats, metadata, storage media and delivery systems
  19. 19. Dialogue• increased editorial contact results in a flexible final publication.• authors have a greater say in the editing and presentation.
  20. 20. Engagement• authors – more connected to their data - “I had to come off the fence and say what I thought it all really meant” – scrutiny of data during editorial process• readers – ability to respond (discussion list and articles) – potential of drawing other conclusions. More ‘active’ users of data.• data rich – complements authorship
  21. 21. Structure• provides the reader with different levels of information• information no longer split across several publications
  22. 22. – integrated e-publications are based on interaction, hypertext linking, navigation, search, and connections to other online resources. Capabilities that allow for much more powerful user experiences than a linear flow of text.
  23. 23. – integrated e-publications are more than‘literate’ oral’ characteristics are re-introduced -immediacy, eliminate distance, extra-textual content, social relationships no longer just imparting informationbut allows greater capacity for individualparticipation and interaction.
  24. 24. Impact on archaeological researchElectronic publication is shaping how projectsdevelop - what we photograph, how we record inthe field, what we record and to what level of detail,what we excavate...
  25. 25. Implications• boundaries are blurred• integrating text with data, evidence with interpretation: creates a new dialectic• explicit interrogation - an active, ‘used’ and visible archive• shifts publication back towards data• affects archaeological practice and the narratives we create
  26. 26. The future• Subscriptions• Subventions• Delivery technologies• Widening profile - collaboration• Extending LEAP model
  27. 27. Internet Archaeology: a study in links, levels and layers Judith Winters Editor Internet Archaeology