193 ssp seminar01_odoherty


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193 ssp seminar01_odoherty

  1. 1. “Quasi-Open” Access : the bepress Experience Sean O’Doherty Vice President The Berkeley Electronic Press SSP 2006 Annual Conference
  2. 2. Session Overview• How and Why New Publishers Have Emerged• Examples of Scholar-Driven Publishing Efforts• The bepress Case Study – Founding Principles – Software Development – “Quasi-Open” Access – Why do Libraries Subscribe? – Reaction within the Academy – Results to Date – Lessons Learned
  3. 3. How and Why New Publishers Have Emerged• Response to scholarly communication crisis• Growing availability of web-based publishing tools – Low-cost solution at a time of high budget stress – Ease of use reduces barriers to entry
  4. 4. Examples of Scholar-Driven Publishing Efforts• Wealth of grassroots publishing activity coming from the academy – Institutional repositories – Noncommercial startups – Commercial startups
  5. 5. The bepress Case Study• Software Developer
  6. 6. The bepress Case Study• Publisher of Scholarly Journals
  7. 7. The bepress Case StudyFounding PrincipleImplement business policies that impact the scholarly communicationcrisis in a positive way • For authors, efficient and timely review and publishing – Average time to publication - almost 3 years (economics, 2002) – Bepress average time to decision: 10 weeks (publication immediately after acceptance) • For libraries, low subscription pricing and no annual price increases – Average cost per journal, business & economics: $702 – Bepress average cost per journal, business & economics: $282
  8. 8. The bepress Case StudySoftware Development – Editorial management software • EdiKit – Institutional repository software • DigitalCommons – Subject matter repositories • Bepress legal repository • COBRA (biostatistics)
  9. 9. The bepress Case StudySoftware Development – EdiKitEdiKit is a perl-based editorial management system with the following‘must have’ features • Easy to use • Easy to customize to the workflows and policies of the individual journals, e.g. submission fees, number of reviews required • Automatically converts manuscripts from Word to PDF • Automatically tracks referee activity and emails appropriate reminders • Provides a mechanism for anonymous correspondence between reviewer and author
  10. 10. The bepress Case Study• EdiKit Revision History report
  11. 11. “Quasi-Open” Access• Offers middle ground between free Open Access and fee-based subscription access• Balances the need for cost recovery against authors’ and editors’ desire for maximum readership and distribution – Those without subscriptions can access any article by filling out a short form (that allows us to inform their library of their interest) – When libraries are convinced of sufficient interest in the journal, they subscribe
  12. 12. The bepress Case Study
  13. 13. The bepress Case Study
  14. 14. “Quasi-Open” Access• Why Do Libraries Subscribe? – Moral obligation (if one’s community uses the journal, buying a subscription is the right thing to do) – (To use and not subscribe is to free ride) – By subscribing, a library will provide its community with 4 to 10 times the usage-value that it would have from quasi-open access alone – Subscribing guarantees perpetual access (to content published during period of subscription) – One model among many: strikes a balance between maximizing distribution and finding an equitable way to recover costs among those who benefit
  15. 15. The bepress Case Study• Reactions within the Academy – Increased submissions to existing journals – Increased proposals for new journals• Why? – Rapid decision upon submission; quick availability (EdiKit) – Good exposure (“Quasi-Open” Access)
  16. 16. The bepress Case Study• Results to Date – Profitable and self-supporting: revenue increased 55% in 2005 – 114 of 123 ARL libraries subscribing to at least one journal – Acceptance of ResearchNow Full Access to date: • 163 subscribers • OhioLink, CDL, FCLA, OCUL, and selective institutions in GWLA, COPPUL, NERL • University of Bergen, University of Paris I – Success of The Economists’ Voice (1000 subscribers in 10 months)• Why? – High quality content – Fast turnaround & high visibility attracts high quality authors, reviewers, editors
  17. 17. Lessons Learned, Part I• Web-based publishing tools – Lower financial and other costs of new initiatives – Give the academy the chance to experiment – Create new opportunities for alternative business models – Push commercial publishers to rethink their ways of doing business (open access experimentation, postprints, etc.)
  18. 18. Lessons Learned, Part II• Certain conventions remain true – Content must be compelling – Publishers must add value (peer review, collection of like materials, etc.) – Price is always a sensitivity
  19. 19. Sean O’Doherty Vice PresidentThe Berkeley Electronic Press sean@bepress.com