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Cost Effective and Alternate construction techniques


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This presentation is an overview of Governments role in propagating the different types of Cost Effective technologies on several Government and local levels through various organisations.

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Cost Effective and Alternate construction techniques

  1. 1. KL University, ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, International Conference On Advances in Civil Engineering Governments Role in extension of‘Cost effective and Alternate Building Technologies’ Authors- Ar.Suvarna Lele.Professor and Practicing Architect Ar,Sarita Deshpande. Professor and Practicing Architect Ar.Suvarna LeleLOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  2. 2. KL University, ACE 2011 BMTPC Vijaywada,A.P, BMTPC Building Materials And Technology Promotion Council Commercialisation of Innovative Building Material Technologies Enabling a process of re-thinking for reducing construction costs by promoting environment friendly materials and techniques Ar.Suvarna LeleLOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  3. 3. KL University, ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, SERVICES OFFERED1.Evaluation, validation of innovative technologies, and advice on cost effectiveoptions for choice of materials and technologies.2. Documentation and dissemination of cost-effective materials, constructiontechniques.3 .Design and engineering consultancy for preparing technology profiles, locationspecific feasibility reports, and demand assessment reports for various buildingmaterials.4.Design and technology options for housing and building schemes based on use ofinnovative building materials and construction techniques.5.Performance appraisal based on functional analysis of new buildingmaterials, products, components and construction systems6.Selection and evaluation of foreign technologies.7 Disaster resistant construction technologies. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  4. 4. KL University, ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Recent initiatives to promote innovative building material technologies 1.Technology transfer at national level Building Materials & Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) was set up in 1990 under the aegis of the erstwhile Ministry of Urban Development, to bring together scientific research, technological advancements and enterprise. 2.Technology transfer at grass-root level-A centrally sponsored Scheme for establishing a National Network of Building Centres was launched in 1988- 89. The Scheme is being implemented through HUDCO and so far over 653 locations have been identified and more than 490 centres have already become fully operational in several States. 3.Other facilitating measures- BMTPC facilitates establishment of new building materials production units by providing technology backup services, and coordinating with concerned departments/agencies for necessary policy supports, credit facilities and venture capital supports4.Fiscal Incentives-Fiscal incentives for promoting new building materials technologiesis an important facilitating feature of Government’s policy support for housing andbuilding sector. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  5. 5. KL University, ACE-2011 CENTRAL BUILDING RESEARCH INSTITUTE Vijaywada,A.P,OBJECTIVES1.Shelter planning2.Building materials.3.Structures and Foundations4.Disaster mitigation including Fire Engineering5.To develop new technologies for the promotion of buildingmaterials and systems6.To disseminate the results of results of research far and wide forthe good of community7.To transfer the developed technologies to the industry for furthercommercializationCBRI to work as world class knowledge base for providing solutions to almost all areaof Building / Habitat planning and construction including buildingmaterials, construction technology, fire engineering and disaster mitigationconstruction. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  6. 6. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar. Sarita Deshpande
  7. 7. KL University, ACE-2011 Nirmithi Kendra Vijaywada,A.P, "Nirmithi Kendra"The housing shortage in India is estimated to be 40 million units by 2000 A.D. andprovide an opportunity to search for feasible solutions. It was in this context that the"Nirmithi movement", the project described herein, was started in 1985 as a localinitiative in the Quilon District of Kerala, by the then District Collector.In 1985, for providing affordable solutions to housing, Indias first "Nirmithi Kendra"(Building Centre) was set up in the Quilon District of Kerala . Arising from itsimpact, the Government of India set up such Kendras in all districts of the countryand integrated it with the national housing policy. Ar.Suvarna LeleLOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  8. 8. KL University, ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, “My job with the Nirmithi Bhavan helped me to have a better understanding of the housing problems and the needs of society in the State,”EEF technology was distinctive in:1.its use of locally available and innovative materials.2.cutting down consumption of energy intensive materials (cement, steel) usingappropriate technology.ensuring local participation in construction activities.3.blending new styles with traditional ones and4.designing according to the lay of the land.
  9. 9. KL University, ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Welcome to Earth Architecture !1.Peviously named the Auroville Building Centre / Earth Unit, which had been foundedby HUDCO, Government of India, in 1989. The development of the former buildingcentre evolved in such a way that the Auroville Earth Institute came into existence in2004.2.The Auroville Earth Institute is researching, developing, promoting and transferringearth-based technologies, which are cost and energy effective. 3.These technologiesare disseminated through training courses, seminars, workshops, manuals anddocuments.3.The emphasis is focused on the research and development of earth basedtechnologies and their dissemination through training courses.4.One of the aims of the Auroville Earth Institute is to give people the possibility tocreate and build for themselves their own habitat, while using earth techniques. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  10. 10. Habitat Technology Group KL University, ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Habitat Technology Group Established in 1987 in Kerala, Habitat Technology Group is registered as a Charitable Society. It is totally committed to the concept of green and humane architecture. It has been recognized as a nodal agency to carry out developmental works under the de-centralization process in Kerala. it has a core group of more than 400 architects, engineers and social workers with a support base of over 30,000 trained workers functioning from 34 regional offices of 10 states of India and 4 overseas offices. It has built more than 40000 buildings all over the country including residences, commercial complexes, tourist resorts, public offices, schools, hospitals and so on all using appropriate technology. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  11. 11. ACE-2011 AUROVILLE VIKAS COMMUNITY Vijaywada,A.P, VIKAS COMMUNITY AUROVILLE Earth was used, from the first developments of Vikas, in all parts of the buildings, from foundations to roof. The proper management of earth resources was always the first priority. The quarries where the soil was taken from were always planned first. This procedure allowed a perfect integration of the excavations with the buildings and landscape. Ar.Suvarna LeleLOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  12. 12. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Appropriate building technologies 1. Stabilised rammed earth foundations with 5 % cement Plinths and walls in compressed stabilised earth blocks 2. Stabilised rammed earth walls with 5% cement Composite beams and lintels and composite columns 3. Vaults and domes for floors and roof, made of of precastCSEB Paints and plasters with stabilised earth C panels.Chajjas are without Floorings with CSEB tiles, 2.5cm thick with 5 % cement Ferrocement channels of 25mm thickness 4. Various ferrocement items for different uses Ferrocement doors, shelves, etc. of 12mm thickness 5. Ferrocement plasters for water tanks and ponds Sparing use of concrete, glass, steel, etc. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  13. 13. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P, VIKAS LAY-OUT – 1448 m² carpet area 23 apartments, collective kitchen and toilets for 50 people Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  14. 14. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P,An Apartment using low cost construction techniques as CompressedEarth Blocks and Funicular shells Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  15. 15. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  16. 16. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Common Kitchen For 50 people Ar.Suvarna Lele
  17. 17. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  18. 18. ACE Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  19. 19. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  20. 20. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  21. 21. KL University, ACE-2011 Case study Vijaywada,A.P, AR.Vivek Patankar’s bangalow,Nashik 1)Strip foundations are used below walls. In usual cases the strip is taken below total wall. Here, after designing, it was found out that only 60% length of strip was required so the parts of strip were omitted 2)Brick work-Exposed and rat trap bond 3)The roof -is organization of funicular shells. Each panel is of 900mm x 1500mm. 4)Door frames are made up of cast in situ concrete where the cost of each frame works around Rs. 100/-. The ready made frame costs more than 400 rupees (the rate is around 10 years back) 5)Precast C panels Chajjas and Precast folded staircase. 6)The construction time reduced by nearly 50 days 7) The cost saved in the year 2000 was Rs 2 lakhs for the total for a. The estimated cost for a bungalow of around 145sq costed rs 600000 by using conventional technologies ab 4,80000 using the alternate technologies. Ar.Suvarna LeleLOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  22. 22. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  23. 23. Ar.Suvarna LeleAr.Sarita Deshpande
  24. 24. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  25. 25. KL University,ACE-2011 ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  26. 26. KL University, ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P,Centre Of Sciences For Villagers,VardhaA project sponnsered by CAPART.1.Using Of Wardha mud blocks for walls-size-225x225x100mm2.Making Of face tiles-to protect the walls from weaker soil.3.Wardha tumbler blocks-use of terracotta tumblers for vaults.4.Burnt brick pillars in required cases.5.Use of under reamed piles for deep black cotton soils.4.Use Of frameless door developed by C.B.R.I5.Frameless Windows-in case of windows,a multipurpose M.S.frame is used. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  27. 27. KL University, ACE-2011 Wardha House Vijaywada,A.P, Wardha Mud Blocks Masonry in Mud Mortar. Ar.Suvarna LeleLOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  28. 28. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P,Fabrication OfM.S.Centring trusses. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  29. 29. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Laying Of tumbler block Roof Tiles. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  30. 30. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P,Frameless Doors And Windows Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  31. 31. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Plan,Sections and Elevations-Typical Warhdha House Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  32. 32. KL University, ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Chajjas sloping Shuttering for ring beamUncoursed rubble masonry 450mm outsidethk upto plinth. Laying bk.masonry chair at springCarry bk.pier to Precast door blocks points for placing Wardha or tumbleLintel height of 1.80M in brick piers. bow Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  33. 33. KL University, ACE Vijaywada,A.P, Some Bamboo Building Buildings Developed By BMTPC- North East -MIZORAMSome Bamboo Building Buildings Developed By BMTPC-North East -MIZORAM Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  34. 34. KL University,ACE BMTPC-North East -MIZORAM Vijaywada,A.P, BAMBOO BUILDINGS-COMPLETED-Mizoram. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  35. 35. KL University,ACE Vijaywada,A.P IPIRTI, Bangalore. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  36. 36. KL University, ACE-2011 Workshop at Gandhigram Vijaywada,A.P, CAPART supported workshop at Gandhigram,a deemed University at Dindigul,Tamilnadu for producing units on C.B.R.I developed technologies.LOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  37. 37. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar,Sarita Deshpande
  38. 38. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P,Brick Filler Slab Brick Arch FoundationPrecast Concrete Door Panel Decorative brick work. Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  39. 39. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Low Cost Unit Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  40. 40. ACE-2011 SPEEDCON TECHNOLOGY Vijaywada,A.P SPEEDCON TECHNOLOGY BY AR.SANJAY PRASADE . 1.Reduction Of material weight by 50% of self weight. 2.Speedy construction, less wastage of materials. 3.Portable and light weight materials. 4.Modularisation and standardization possible. 5.Less wastes produced and materials can be recycled. Ar.Suvarna LeleLOW COST AND ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  41. 41. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande
  42. 42. CONCLUSIONWith the availability of alternate technologies and materials which are much cheaper, thereis a need of transferring them to needy to build low cost houses. Government has dealt thisissue on various levels by creating BMTPC, establishing CBRI, NirmiteeKendras, SERC, CASTRA Regional Research Laboratories, National EnvironmentalEngineering Research Institute and many related organisations.. The technologies selectedhelped to some extent in employment generation, upliftment of women, decentralisation ofproduction, conservation, recycling and reuse of resources as well as development of humanresources.
  43. 43. KL University,ACE-2011 Vijaywada,A.P, THANK YOU Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande Reference: 1] 2] 3] 4] Government Initiatives and Program for Affordable Housing – National Work shop on Pro-poor Housing Finance. 5] 6] 7] Paper by Mr. V. Suresh, Director Corporate Planning HUDCO at symposium on ‘Construction for housing and Infrastructure Delivery’. 8] Ar.Suvarna Lele Ar.Sarita Deshpande