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Energy Efficient and sustainable Buildings

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I came to know regarding this competition from rediff.com
The idea of Energy Efficient design is
to modulate the conditions such that they
are always within or as close as possible to
comfort zone.Modulations introduced by the
landscape,built form,envelope,materials and
other control measures bring the conditions
within the range throughout twenty four hours
cycle.
This is goal of Energy Efficient Architecture
Buildings, as they are designed and used today, contribute to serious environmental and economical problems because of excessive consumption of energy and other natural resources. The close connection between energy use in buildings and environmental damage arises because energy-intensive and monetarily expensive solutions sought to construct a building and meet its demands for heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting cause severe depletion of invaluable environmental resources
Energy resource efficiency in new constructions
can be effected by adopting an
Integrated Approach To Building Design.

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
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Energy Efficient and sustainable Buildings

  1. 1. The idea of Energy Efficient design is to modulate the conditions such that they are always within or as close as possible to comfort zone.Modulations introduced by the landscape,built form,envelope,materials and other control measures bring the conditions within the range throughout twenty four hours cycle. This is goal of Energy Efficient Architecture Energy Efficient Buildings
  2. 2. Buildings, as they are designed and used today, contribute to serious environmental and economical problems because of excessive consumption of energy and other natural resources . The close connection between energy use in buildings and environmental damage arises because energy-intensive and monetarily expensive solutions sought to construct a building and meet its demands for heating, cooling, ventilation, and lighting cause severe depletion of invaluable environmental resources However, buildings can be designed to meet the occupant’s need for thermal and visual comfort at reduced levels of energy and resources consumption. Energy resource efficiency in new constructions can be effected by adopting an Integrated Approach To Building Design .
  3. 3. Our vernacular homes in Rajasthan In vernacular architecture, the conception of space begins with a single cell shelter. This is irrespective of the form and the material which may vary from one context to another.
  4. 4. The Royal complex at Jaisalmer and Mehrangarh fort in Jodhpur
  5. 5. Not only residences but also factories, schools, hotels, and Government offices are built entirely underground Tungkwan [Honnan] Villages in the Chinese Loess belt…
  6. 6. Laurie Baker Architect For The Common Man
  7. 7. LAURIE BAKER The use of local materials with consideration to local climate and participation of the people leads to A Holistic Design Approach .
  8. 8. The use of local materials and the participation of the people leads to a holistic design approach…
  9. 9. Bakers buildings have an authentic link with our heritage , not just due to the application of his principles but also due to a deep understanding of why and how a form has evolved, which puts him on intimate terms with the traditional and historical.
  10. 10. AMENITY HALL KASAHARA,JAPAN
  11. 12. Hostel at University of Jodhpur
  12. 14. <ul><li>The design is rooted in four major issues: </li></ul><ul><li>The history of the Reichstag. </li></ul><ul><li>The workings of Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>Ecology and energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Economics of realizing the project.. </li></ul>BERLIN THE REICHSTAG A democratically disposed and ecologically sound building by Norman Foster . 1990-1995
  13. 16. <ul><li>Foster reflected the openness and the,complete transparency of the modern German by capping his work with a beehive shaped glass cupola having a spiraling ramp for those wishing to keep an a eye on their elected officials… </li></ul>The public are symbolically above the politicians who are answerable to them… <ul><li>The processes of democracy be revealed and made accessible . </li></ul><ul><li>Roof is a major public space. </li></ul>
  14. 17. One of the first buildings in India in which the comprehensive use of natural cooling, ventilation and light has been attempted on such a large scale. TORRENT RESEARCH CENTER Gandhinagar, Gujarat Ar. Nimish Patel Site area: 30 acres[approx] Const. area: 19000 sq. m. Const. period: 1994-98 Const. cost: 13 crores [approx]
  15. 18. The proposal was based on the observation that traditionally constructed buildings are found to be far more comfortable than contemporary buildings, which use ‘modern’, and often chemically incongruent materials. Cosmoville row-houses, Ahmedabad,1983. Ar. Kamal Mangaldas
  16. 19. Kenneth Yeang and Bio-climatic Towers In order to achieve economic objectives, the following criteria became critical: ·  minimum external wall thickness ·  minimum vertical support size ·  minimum horizontal support thickness ·  minimum vertical circulation/service core · minimum floor-to-floor height. The most obvious justification must be the lowering of costs as a result of decreasing energy consumption in the operation of the building. The bulk of energy consumption happens during its operational phase. cost time
  17. 21. THE AGENDA <ul><li>Beneficial use of wind and rain. </li></ul><ul><li>Life-cycle approach to the use of materials and building equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of new patterns of internal life for the users of tall buildings. </li></ul>Designing with climate would result in a reduction of the overall energy consumption of the building by the use of passive (non-mechanical) structural devices and would further reduce overall emission of waste heat MENARA MESINIAGA IBM PLAZA
  18. 22. Relation to street Cross ventilation Insulative walls Solar shading Insulation and heat stores Wind scoop Solar collector wall Vertical landscaping
  19. 23. The preliminary concept for the building incorporates a transparent glass tower that seems to float above a five-story base. The tower uses a double curtain wall technique that allows the structure to appear vibrant and transparent, yet increase energy efficiency. Energy efficient building-New York Times Building
  20. 24. Thermal Glass pane curtain wall <ul><li>Screening by horizontal ceramic tubes </li></ul>Section through floor Energy efficient building-New York Times Building <ul><li>Continuation of curtain walls above floor </li></ul><ul><li>Open office plan </li></ul><ul><li>Terrace garden seen from the top </li></ul>
  21. 25. The complex was designed to provide a transition between the city’s old residential area to the south and its historic centre to the north( opposite). with facades oriented in many directions, the building turns its back on no one. The Duetch Bank , Germany
  22. 27. A shallow pool in the courtyard, along with plantings on the restaurant roof, enhance the complex’s exterior as well as interior ecology
  23. 28. Barefoot College , Tilonia, Rajasthan. [since 1972 Social Work Research Centre (SWRC)] The &quot;Barefoot&quot; philosophy is based on the belief that village communities used to develop and maintain their own store of knowledge, which has been devalued in recent times and is slowly dying as people migrate to the cities to look for jobs. local teachers, health-care providers, solar engineers and hand pump mechanics <ul><li>Providing training and upgrading to help people help themselves . </li></ul><ul><li>T o create a programme that respected local skills . </li></ul>
  24. 29. fuses local labour and materials throughout <ul><li>illiterate farmer s from Tilonia, along with twelve other Barefoot Architects, most of whom have no formal education </li></ul><ul><li>several village women who worked as labourers </li></ul>… to demonstrate that village knowledge, skills and practical wisdom could be used for people's development, without depending on paper - qualified urban 'experts' from 'outside'.
  25. 30. <ul><li>Administrative buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Medical block </li></ul><ul><li>Library and dining hall </li></ul><ul><li>Amphitheatre </li></ul><ul><li>Guesthouse and residential blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Craft centre </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops and workrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone exchange </li></ul>One- and two-storey structures covering a ground-floor area of around 2,800 square metres.

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