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Groups

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Groups

  1. 1. Toward a Unified Field Theory of Violent, Non-State Groups A presentation by Dr. Steven Metz U.S. Army War College Strategic Studies Institute January 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>A Dimension-Based Typology </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of Development </li></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>There is a range of non-state groups willing to operate outside the law and use violence </li></ul><ul><li>These may or may not seek to control all or part of a state and administer it, seek revolutionary change, use a militant ideology, rely on terrorism, etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>formal/complex------------informal/simple </li></ul><ul><li>ideological---------------------nonideological </li></ul><ul><li>self-serving-------------------constituency serving </li></ul><ul><li>homogenous-----------------heterogeneous </li></ul><ul><li>limited goals-----------------revolutionary goals </li></ul><ul><li>tightly bound------------------loosely bound </li></ul><ul><li>non-threatening-------------most threatening </li></ul><ul><li>less violent--------------------more violent </li></ul><ul><li>autonomous-----------------dependent </li></ul><ul><li>linked----------------------------unlinked </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Grievance to greed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreasing ideology, less expansive objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increasing formalization, complexity, linkages, and constituency-serving behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Fragmentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often greater reliance on violence </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>First thing we must decide is whether we want a group to be less threatening or weaker </li></ul><ul><li>If it is less threatening, then we may need to propel them toward increasing formalization, complexity, linkages, and constituency-serving behavior </li></ul><ul><li>If it is weaker, we may need to propel them toward fragmentation and delinkage </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Contact Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Steven Metz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Studies Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>122 Forbes Avenue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carlisle Barracks, PA 17013-5244 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>voice: 717 245-3822 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wireless: 717 448-6166 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>fax: 717 245-3820 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>web: http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/ </li></ul></ul>

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