Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL Tear) By Katelynn Monk
How can you tear your ACL?• The ligament gets stretched or tears when the foot is firmly planted, the knee locks and twists or pivots at the same time.• ACL injuries may also occur when the tibia is pushed forward in relation to the femur.
Sypmtoms & Signs• The patient often describes that they heard a loud pop and then developed intense pain in the knee.• The knee will feel unstable and the patient may complain of recurrent pain and swelling and giving way.
How is this Diagnosed?1. History on how the injury occurred. • What was he/she doing when the injury happened.2. Physical examination. • Swelling, bruising, and deformity • Tenderness, and stability3. Knee Imaging • X-rays, MRI’s
Recovery• After Surgery- 7 or more months.• For patients who do not have surgery to repair a torn ACL, 50% have a fair outcome with no knee instability.• Getting back on the court: 1. Physical therapy, knee braces, taking it slow, and no pressure on the knee.
Prevention of ACL tears1. Increase the strength of the muscles of the thigh, especially the hamstrings, and maintaining a balance between the quadriceps and hamstring muscles.2. Increase flexibility.3. Increased agility and balance decreases injury potential. This includes always trying to avoid landing on a fully extended and locked leg.