Alcohol<br />7th Health Unit 3<br />
What is Alcohol?<br />Beer, wine, and hard liquor (distilled spirits) all contain alcohol. The following common alcoholic ...
Moderation vs Bingeing<br />Moderation is:<br />1 drink a day for women 21 and older<br />2 drinks a day for men 21 and ol...
If I abuse alcohol what might happen…<br />School problems, such as higher absence and poor or failing grades.<br />Social...
Physical and sexual assault.<br />Higher risk for suicide and homicide.<br />Alcohol-related car crashes and other uninten...
What happens to alcohol in my body?<br />When alcohol is swallowed, it travels to the stomach and the small intestine. The...
Most of the alcohol a person drinks is metabolized (broken down) by the liver. But it can only break down about 8g of alco...
Immediate Short Term Effects<br />Decrease in inhibition which leads to poor judgment<br />Slurred speech<br />Dizziness<b...
Long term effects<br />Increased activity in the liver causes cell death and hardening of the tissue= Cirrhosis<br />Brain...
Withdrawal from long term abuse<br />Severe anxiety<br />Tremors<br />Hallucinations<br />Convulsions<br />
Alcohol Poisoning<br />Signs<br />Mental confusion<br />Vomiting<br />Slow breathing (less than 8 a minute)<br />Hypotherm...
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Alcohol

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Alcohol

  1. 1. Alcohol<br />7th Health Unit 3<br />
  2. 2. What is Alcohol?<br />Beer, wine, and hard liquor (distilled spirits) all contain alcohol. The following common alcoholic drinks contain equal amounts of alcohol and are often referred to as a drink or a standard drink:<br />12oz of beer or wine cooler<br />5oz of wine<br />1.5oz of 80 proof liquor<br />Proof is the amount of alcohol in hard liquor or distilled spirits. The percentage of pure alcohol in the hard liquor is usually one-half the proof. For example, a 100-proof liquor is about 50% pure alcohol. Thus, the higher the proof, the more pure alcohol the hard liquor contains.<br />
  3. 3. Moderation vs Bingeing<br />Moderation is:<br />1 drink a day for women 21 and older<br />2 drinks a day for men 21 and older<br />Bingeing is:<br />4 drinks in close succession for women<br />5 drinks in close succession for men<br />
  4. 4. If I abuse alcohol what might happen…<br />School problems, such as higher absence and poor or failing grades.<br />Social problems, such as fighting and lack of participation in youth activities.<br />Legal problems, such as arrest for driving or physically hurting someone while drunk.<br />Physical problems, such as hangovers or illnesses.<br />Unwanted, unplanned, and unprotected sexual activity.<br />Disruption of normal growth and sexual development.<br />
  5. 5. Physical and sexual assault.<br />Higher risk for suicide and homicide.<br />Alcohol-related car crashes and other unintentional injuries, such as burns, falls, and drowning.<br />Memory problems.<br />Abuse of other drugs.<br />Changes in brain development that may have life-long effects.<br />Death from alcohol poisoning.<br />
  6. 6. What happens to alcohol in my body?<br />When alcohol is swallowed, it travels to the stomach and the small intestine. The alcohol is absorbed through the lining of the stomach and intestine and passes into the bloodstream.<br />The alcohol is carried in the blood to other parts of the body. The highest concentrations of alcohol are found in the brain, liver, heart, kidneys and muscles.<br />
  7. 7. Most of the alcohol a person drinks is metabolized (broken down) by the liver. But it can only break down about 8g of alcohol an hour in an average adult - that's around 1 unit of alcohol (one standard drink) an hour.<br />Around 90 to 98% of alcohol is broken down by the body. Up to 5% is eliminated via the kidneys in urine. The rest leaves the body in sweat, breath and saliva (and in the breast milk of breast-feeding mothers).<br />
  8. 8. Immediate Short Term Effects<br />Decrease in inhibition which leads to poor judgment<br />Slurred speech<br />Dizziness<br />Poor coordination<br />Nausea<br />Vomiting <br />
  9. 9. Long term effects<br />Increased activity in the liver causes cell death and hardening of the tissue= Cirrhosis<br />Brain cells die= reducing brain mass<br />Stomach and intestinal ulcers<br />Increase in blood pressure<br />
  10. 10. Withdrawal from long term abuse<br />Severe anxiety<br />Tremors<br />Hallucinations<br />Convulsions<br />
  11. 11. Alcohol Poisoning<br />Signs<br />Mental confusion<br />Vomiting<br />Slow breathing (less than 8 a minute)<br />Hypothermia- bluish pale skin<br />If untreated<br />Choke on vomit<br />Stop breathing<br />Heat beat stops<br />Too little blood sugar leads to seizures<br />

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