SSCC Natural Gas Roundtable_June 11, 2014


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SSCC Natural Gas Roundtable_June 11, 2014

  1. 1. WELCOME
  2. 2. Natural Gas Fueling Stations 2 South shore Clean Cities CNG Roundtable June 11, 2014
  3. 3. Natural Gas Basics Natural Gas  Hydrocarbons, predominantly methane (CH4)  High octane rating  Nontoxic, noncorrosive, and noncarcinogenic  Not a threat to soil, surface water, or groundwater  Lower ozone-forming emissions than gasoline or diesel  Extracted from gas and oil wells  Existing pipeline distribution system  Renewable gas – landfill,dairy farms, wastewater facilities  Odorless – additive added to give it a smell 3
  4. 4. Price protection for the bottom line • Oil is unpredictable and getting scarce • Natural gas is cheaper– Saving $$$ to bottom line Energy independence for America • 70% of oil is from outside North America • 33% of oil is from OPEC • 98% of natural gas is from North America Cutting air pollution • Too many regions have unhealthy air • Natural gas is the cleanest available technology Reducing carbon footprint • Fleets are under pressure to reduce GHG emissions • Natural gas cuts GHG emissions by 25% or more • 88% reductions with biogas Local mandates • To achieve compliance with environmental policy 4 What’s Driving the switch to CNG?
  5. 5. Time-Fill Fueling • Good for centrally-based fleets with consistent schedules- Return to base- No staging • CNG is dispensed slowly, often overnight • Better fill over a time period- lower heat in fueling • Lower cost investment Fast-Fill Fueling • Fueling takes place in minutes • No investment if use public fueling • Good for vehicles with little downtime Combo-Fill Fueling • Time-fill and fast-fill • More flexibility in fueling • Back of fence /front of fence Fueling Station Design Options 5
  6. 6. CNG Stations Configurations 6
  7. 7. Light-Duty NGVs • Suitable for light-duty needs in private and government fleets • Honda Civic GX Medium-Duty NGVs • Vans and shuttles • Airports and taxi fleets Heavy-Duty NGVs • Refuse haulers • Transit buses • School buses • Long-haul trucks • Street sweepers • Snowplows • Short-haul delivery trucks Where Does CNG Fit In Your Fleet? 7
  8. 8. Offsite, Public Access • Utilize an existing public station • Operated by retailer, utility, or fleet • Anchor fleet or pool of multiple fleets Onsite, Private Access • Use by fleets • Time-fill stations typically private access Onsite, Public Access (Combo station) • Often located outside of restricted areas • Benefit from economy of scale • Promotes public use of NGVs • Must have fast-fill capabilities for public What Are Your Fueling Needs & Options? 8
  9. 9. • Evaluate fleet- types of vehicles i.e. cars , pick-up, vans, dump trucks, garbage trucks, box trucks, tractors…. • How many vehicles will be fueled each day? • How much fuel will each vehicle need? • When and how often will vehicles need to be fueled? • What are the site development requirements? • What are my routes? • What are my truck replacement cycles? • Can I support my own station? Or do I need to utilize Public Fueling? 9 Start the Process!
  10. 10. Prepare Fleet Inventory & Replacement Schedule • Identify vehicle replacement potential &sizing • Determine station sizing plan Explore Your Options • Contact vehicle vendors • Contact equipment vendors • Meet with station developers Visit Existing Sites • Fast-fill and time-fill • Private and public Ask Questions • South Shore Clean Cities • Station developers • CNG users and providers 1 You’ve Made the Decision to Evaluate… Now What?
  11. 11. Thanks You! Brian Houston Business Development Manager (574)297-4576 10 Questions?
  12. 12. National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium South Shore Clean Cities June 11, 2014 Presenter: Kenneth Zanders
  13. 13. Today’s Objective: An Overview of the National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium (NAFTC)
  14. 14. National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium “To improve air quality and decrease U.S. dependence on foreign oil by promoting, supporting, and expanding the use of advanced technology vehicles and alternative fuel vehicles.” Program of West Virginia University, headquartered in Morgantown, WV Founded in 1992 Only nationwide curricula development and training organization that focuses on alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles Mission Statement
  15. 15.  Approximately 50 National Training Centers throughout the U.S. Nationwide Network of Training Centers
  16. 16. Program Management Outreach and Education Activities Curriculum Development Training What we do at the NAFTC
  17. 17. Program Management Federally Funded Programs Hydrogen Vehicle Test Project at Yeager Airport •Evaluates the use of hydrogen vehicles through real-world demonstration in West Virginia and provides outreach and education on hydrogen vehicles Hydrogen Fuel Dispensing Station at West Virginia University •Demonstrates that hydrogen is a safe and competitive alternative to petroleum by building, operating, and evaluating a hydrogen station at WVU
  18. 18. Program Management Federally Funded Programs  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Fire Prevention & Safety Grant • Will allow the NAFTC to enhance State Fire Academies’ curricula by offering First Responder Safety Train-the- Trainer courses to Academy instructors, as well as through pre-conference workshops at industry conferences, and online training. The project also includes updates to and the development of an in-cab version of the Quick Reference Guide, which was developed to help the first responder identify and respond to an alternative fuel vehicle or advanced technology vehicle at the scene of an accident.
  19. 19. Program Management Recently Completed Federally Funded Programs  Advanced Electric Drive Vehicle Education Program • Provides educational and outreach materials about advanced electric drive vehicles, including battery, hybrid, plug-in, and fuel cell electric vehicles  Clean Cities Learning Program • Raises awareness about alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles through a strategic outreach and education effort, funded by the Clean Cities Program
  20. 20. Outreach and Education  National AFV Day Odyssey • A nationwide, biennial outreach event to include educating a new generation of consumers at the secondary school level on the subject of advanced electric drive vehicles  The NAFTC also attends, exhibits, and presents at numerous conferences and meetings
  21. 21. Outreach and Education  National AFV Day Odyssey 2012 statistics •150 Sites – 148 U.S. (in 43 states) and 2 International (France and Sweden) •Over 250,000 attendees •Over 200 million reached through media and Internet
  22. 22. State-of-the-Art Curriculum Development  Over 25 courses and workshops • Available on all types of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles • Customizable to meet needs and requirements of the audience
  23. 23. Training Classroom study Lab activities Hands-on shop applications
  24. 24. Training Impact Delivered more than 1,750 technical courses • Trained more than 33,000 individuals Conducted more than 1,675 workshops and education/awareness events • Over 850,000 attendees
  25. 25. Training Audiences Instructors (Train-the-Trainer) Pre-service and In-service Technicians Fleet Managers Government and Industry Representatives First Responders Students Consumers Others
  26. 26. Course Delivery Methods NAFTC member schools Contract training (we take the training to you) Training held at the NAFTC national headquarters in Morgantown, WV
  27. 27. A Sample of NAFTC Courses
  28. 28. Electric Drive Vehicle Technician Technician course designed to education the automotive technician on diagnostic and repair of electric drive vehicles 5 day course Available at both the community college level as well as high school (CTE) level Intensive hands-on activities, including extensive work with OEM scan tools
  29. 29. Natural Gas Vehicle Training Suite of courses to cover CNG and LNG vehicles Light-Duty CNG Vehicles (3 day course) Heavy-Duty CNG Vehicles (3 day course) Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Vehicles (3 day course) CNG Fuel System Inspector (2 day course) Courses can be combined into a targeted “custom” class based on client need
  30. 30. Propane (AutoGas) Training Technician training for Propane powered vehicles 3-day class designed to prepare the automotive technician to diagnose, repair, and convert vehicles to operate on AutoGas Covers light, medium, and heavy duty vehicles 2nd edition scheduled for release this fall, funded by the Petroleum Education Research Council (PERC)
  31. 31. Biodiesel Technician Training on the basics of Biodiesel 2-day course that covers the need, properties, and production of Biodiesel as a vehicle fuel source Students participate in the production of biodiesel from waste oil
  32. 32. Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training to educate on concerns in bringing electric vehicle charging infrastructure to a residence, business, or community A 2-day course that educates on:  Need for Electric Vehicles  Vehicles available today  Electricity basics  “The Grid”  Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)  People involved in the installation process  Electrical safety  Codes and Standards  EVSE Installation
  33. 33. First Responder Safety Training Instructs First Responders on how to safely deal with an accident involving an alternative fuel or advanced technology vehicle 2 day class that covers:  Electric Drive Vehicles (EVs, PhEVs, HEVs, FCEVs)  Gaseous Fuel Vehicles (CNG, LNG, LPG)  Hydrogen Vehicles  Biofuels (Biodiesel, Ethanol)
  34. 34. Petroleum Reduction Technologies “Modularized” overview of alternative fuel vehicles Contains both fuel and fleet information Can be taught as a 2 day class or individual module  Importance of Petroleum Reduction Technologies  Biodiesel  Ethanol  Natural Gas  Propane  Hydrogen  Electric Drive  Fuel Economy  Idle reduction
  35. 35. Basic Understanding of Battery & Hybrid Electric Vehicles 2-day class An overview of battery and hybrid vehicles Designed for the administrator and technician new to electric vehicle technologies Not designed as a vehicle diagnostics or repair course
  36. 36. NAFTC Workshops 2 Hour Workshops Introduction to Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles Introduction to Hybrid Electric Vehicles Introduction to Hydrogen-powered Vehicles Introduction to Fuel Cell Vehicles Introduction to Battery-Powered Vehicles Introduction to Biodiesel Vehicles Introduction to Natural Gas Vehicles Introduction to Propane Vehicles Introduction to Ethanol Vehicles
  37. 37. Other Educational Items and Training Materials
  38. 38. Hydrogen Vehicle Infrastructure • Hydrogen Vehicle Fueling Station commissioned 2013 at the NAFTC National Headquarters in Morgantown, WV • Dispenser to dispense Hydrogen to NAFTC’s fleet of 5 hydrogen powered vehicles – 2 bi-fuel pickups – 1 dedicated hydrogen pickup – 2 hydrogen-electric drive hybrid cars
  39. 39. Hydrogen Infrastructure
  40. 40. Online Courses First Responder Safety Training Electric Vehicle Technician Safety Training
  41. 41. Training Videos Can be seen online at
  42. 42. Phone App and QRG Materials to support first responder safety training for alternative fuel vehicles Phone app free download for iPhone and Android
  43. 43. HEVTE (Hybrid Electric Training Educator) “Cutaway” Toyota Prius demonstration/learning tool Fully functional and driveable Used for instruction as well as outreach
  44. 44. NAFTC’s Mobile Classroom 30’ box trailer classroom Interactive displays and videos Flexible “hands-on” alternative fuel vehicle activities
  45. 45. Contact Information Ken Zanders Automotive Trainer Micheal Smyth Assistant Director for Curriculum Development & Training National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium Ridgeview Business Park 1100 Frederick Lane Morgantown, WV 26508 Phone: 304-293-7882
  46. 46. LARRY STUMP IN State Dept. of Weights and Measures
  47. 47. Natural Gas Roundtable: Natural Gas Inspection and Installation Ted Barnes, P.E. Gas Technology Institute June 2014
  48. 48. 4848 Objectives I. GTI R&D Background II. Alternative Fuel Training III. NGV Purchasing and Inspection Guidelines IV. CNG Station Codes and Standards
  49. 49. 4949 ESTABLISHED 1941 GTI: Company Overview > Staff of 250 > 350 active projects > 1,200 patents; 500 products Energy & Environmental Technology Center Office & Labs Pilot-Scale Gasification Campus Training Natural Gas Research and Development Focus
  50. 50. 5050 GTI: Leading with Research > GTI has a robust portfolio of NGV RD&D projects (vehicle & infrastructure) > Vehicles and On-Board Storage ─ Develop/demonstrate new engines & vehicles > Cummins ISX 12 G (example) ─ Work with OEMs on high-efficiency, high-horsepower, low-emission engines ─ New vehicle platforms, including medium/heavy-duty hybrids ─ Components: NGV storage advances (CNG, LNG, ANG) and related fuel delivery devices > Infrastructure ─ Demonstrate & deploy new products and stations ─ Components: new compressors, dispensing, fuel quality, small fleet and home fueling ─ New solutions to reduce cost, position gas industry Cummins ISX 12 G Navistar MaxxForce Advanced Storage Infrastructure Advancements
  51. 51. 51 GTI: Continuing with Training – Lake Michigan Consortium Webinar Series I. Inspection Guidelines for CNG/LPG Vehicle Conversions II. Considerations for Garage & Maintenance Shops When Using CNG/LPG III. Station Installation Guidelines for CNG IV. Station Installation Guidelines for LPG V. Best Practices for End Users for CNG, LPG & Electric Vehicles The webinars and slides are available online at Barriers Survey Survey to gather barriers for adoption of alternative fuels Please complete the survey at:
  52. 52. 5252 NGV Purchase: Light-duty after- market conversions Key Takeaways: 1. US EPA and CARB emission certified conversion kits are allowable under current federal regulation. • NGVA List: inal.pdf • EPA Website: Certified Clean Alternative Fuel Conversion Systems conversions.xls 2. Converters need to be approved by kit manufacturer. It is preferred to confirm converter has ASE/CSA qualified technicians installing conversion kits.
  53. 53. 5353 Converted NGV Purchase (Continued) Key Takeaways: 3. Expand knowledge base. Use the following documents to educate yourself in the basics. • “Have Your Vehicle Converted to Compressed Natural Gas- Safety”, Clean Vehicle Education Foundation ( vert_Your_Vehicle_Safely_Final.pdf). • “Fact Sheet: Converting Light Duty Vehicles to Natural Gas”, NGVAmerica ( 4. Determine fueling logistics. Ideally want to identify and secure two fueling options.
  54. 54. 5454 NGV Inspections 1. When is inspection necessary (Fuel System Inspection)?: • ANSI NGV 2 (fuel tank spec) requires every 3 years. • TP-304-03 FMVSS (CNG Fuel Container Integrity), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration requires additional “or 36,000 miles” for tank inspection. • NFPA 52 requires that a tank is inspected • After an accident or fire • Before it is reinstalled in a vehicle
  55. 55. 5555 NGV Inspection (Continued) 2. Who is a qualified inspector?: • Compressed Gas Association (CGA) defines a qualified inspector as: Best Way: Certification from nationally recognized organization (e.g. CSA – Fuel SYSTEM Inspection) 2 years experience conducting inspections Supervision by person with 2 years experience conducting inspections Approved by fuel cylinder manufacturer Certification from original equipment manufacturer through training center Certification as approved by Authority Having Jurisdiction
  56. 56. 5656 NGV Inspection (Continued) 3. How to find a certified inspector?: • CSA provides certification for CNG fuel system inspection which includes all major components and tanks. • CSA list of inspectors by area on their website. training/personnel-certification/people-search 4. How to become an inspector?: • Take a class:  Business Directory → Other → Training and Certification • Take the test:
  57. 57. 5757 Municipal/Licensing Entity: NGV Inspection • Some entities (i.e. municipalities or trade orgs.) license/approve vehicles for service but do not have CNG experience • GTI provided guidance to City of Chicago taxi inspector • GTI has prepared a template checklist for inspection of CNG vehicles • Checklist is available through CACC, WICC, and SSCC • Checklist is NOT a substitute for certified vehicle inspections
  58. 58. 5858 CNG Fueling Stations Photo Credits: Groot and Doreen’s Pizza
  59. 59. 5959 Codes and Standards CNG Station Codes: long-standing, mature codes: oNFPA 52: Vehicular Gaseous Fuel Systems Code 2013 oNFPA 70: National Electric Code (NEC) 2011: Article 500: Hazardous (Classified) Locations, Article 501: Class 1 Div.1 & 2 Hazardous Locations oNFPA 30A: Code for Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages 2012 (Addresses additional requires when CNG fueling is added to existing liquid petroleum station) oInternational Fire Code (IFC)
  60. 60. 6060 Equipment Location Details NFPA 30A, Chapter 12 & NFPA 52, Chapter 7 address equipment placement and set backs. o Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Equipment are addressed in these chapters. o Location, either indoors and outdoors, of the equipment matters. o In some instances a combination of both codes will give guides on final equipment placement e.g. tank separation (from other aboveground fuel tanks & dispenser).
  61. 61. 6161 Equipment Location- Sample Layout
  62. 62. 6262 Electrical Hazardous Area Location NFPA 30A & NFPA 52 establish electrical area classification for CNG fueling stations. oCompressors, Aboveground Storage Tanks, Dispensers, Pressure Relief Discharge, Vents and ancillary equipment (dryers) are classified per Table in NFPA 52. Electrical Conduits and Wiring must be installed per approved methods indicated in NEC for classified areas. With AHJ approval, classified areas specified in Table are permitted to be reduced or eliminated by positive pressure ventilation from a source of clean air and/or inert gas per NFPA 496.
  63. 63. 6363 Electrical Hazardous Area Location
  64. 64. 6464 Safety Valves and Devices o Storage: Manual shutoff valve and Pressure Relief Devices installed. o Dispenser: Breakaway protection provided so fuel stops if/when “drive aways” occur. o Station Inlet: Manual shutoff valve should be installed at gas meter
  65. 65. 6565 Emergency Shutdown Device (ESD) o Manual Emergency Stop buttons are installed near the dispensing, in the compressor area, and a safe distance from the dispensing area. o When activated the ESD’s should shut off power and gas supply for compressor and dispenser.
  66. 66. 6666 Station Installation- ESD and Safety Device Schematic
  67. 67. 6767 Got Barriers? What are the barriers for CNG Station Installations in Indiana? What are the barriers for purchasing/converting NGVs in Indiana?
  68. 68. 6868 Acknowledgement of Support
  69. 69. 6969 CNG Fuel o CNG or Compressed Natural Gas is predominately Methane (chemical formula CH4). o It is a nontoxic, colorless, and odorless gas(odorant is typically added for detection). o Natural Gas typically exists in a gaseous vapor form. o Unlike gasoline, diesel, or propane; natural gas is lighter than air. o5.66 lbs (~125 SCF) of natural gas is a Gasoline Gallon Equivalent (GGE) o 6.312 lbs (~139 SCF) is a Diesel Gallon Equivalent (DGE) – Proposal to NIST
  70. 70. 7070 CNG Fueling Basics oNominal pressure of CNG fuel systems in the U.S. have been standardized to 3600 psig. Older 3000 psig systems have largely been phased out. o CNG fuel tanks are allowed to be filled to 3600 psig at 70° F (settled pressure), and no more than 4500 psig at any temperature. o Fueling is either stopped by the dispenser when a temperature compensated full fill pressure is achieved or manually stopped by operator with a switch at the dispenser.
  71. 71. 7171 Station Installation - General Requirements NFPA 52 addresses general site requirements of station construction and installation. oMajor equipment (compression, storage, or dispensers) shall be protected to prevent damage from vehicles and minimize physical damage and vandalism. o Where compression equipment operates unattended, it shall be equipped with high discharge and low suction pressure automatic shutdown control. o Control circuits that are shut down shall remain shutdown until manually reset.
  72. 72. 7272 Station Installation - General Requirements NFPA 52 ed. 2013 incorporates new sections emphasizing general requirements of station construction. oInstallation CNG systems shall be supervised by qualified personnel with reference to their construction and use. oModifications to fuel stations requires a HAZOP and start up plan completed prior to completion or operation of the facility. oCompression, storage, and dispensing equipment shall be installed on foundations with anchoring system designed to meeting building code requirements and able to withstand seismic and wind loads.
  73. 73. 7373 Station Installation – Storage Containers o Storage containers are to be installed above ground on stable, non combustible foundations or in vaults with proper ventilation and drainage. o Individual groups of manifolded ASME vessels without individual storage valves shall be limited to a maximum of 10,000 scf. o PRVs are to be inspected every three years o In IL, pressure vessels are to be registered with the State Fire Marshal
  74. 74. 7474 Station Installation – Piping/Tubing o Piping and fittings are to be fabricated, installed, and tested per ASME B31.3, Process Piping Code. o Exterior piping shall be buried or installed above ground and supported and protected against mechanical damage. oUnderground and aboveground piping shall be protected from corrosion in compliance to recognized practices. oThreaded pipe and fittings are not allowed underground.
  75. 75. 7575 Station Operation & Fire Protection o During fueling a vehicle should be turned off. o Sources of ignition shall not be permitted inside transfer point. Vehicles themselves are not considered source of ignition per. o Warning signs are to be displayed at dispensing points. o A portable fire extinguisher having a rating of not less than 20- B:C shall be provided at the dispensing area.
  76. 76. SOUTH SHORE CLEAN CITIES TRANSPORTATION ROUNDTABLE Natural Gas Initiatives Update Carl Lisek, Ex. Director South Shore Clean Cities June 11th, 2014
  77. 77. Natural Gas for Transportation Roundtable • Stakeholder initiative created by, Lake Michigan Consortium, GTI, South Shore Clean Cities, Wisconsin Clean Cities and Chicago Area Clean Cities and an advisory group of businesses from three States to provide information and identify opportunities to expand the use of: - Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) - Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) - Biogas • Roundtable Objectives: - Expand Natural Gas Vehicle Infrastructure - Address Natural Gas Vehicle Availability - Identify Barriers and Policy Issues - Provide Education and Outreach - Coordinate natural gas regulatory efforts among state agencies - Promote Tri-State Area as a leader in the use of Natural Gas
  78. 78. Natural Gas Stations Indiana 13 CNG & 1 LNG Wisconsin 42 CNG & 1 LNG Illinois 15 CNG & 1 LNG
  79. 79. Natural Gas Stations in our region Compressed Natural Gas Station locations Liquefied Natural Gas Station locations
  80. 80. Policy & Incentive Developments Indiana: • BP CADER PROGRAM • Green Fleet Program • SSCC/Northern Indiana CMAQ • IN Diesel Wise (Contact SSCC) - Available to Northern Indiana - Opportunities for Vehicles and Fueling Infrastructure
  81. 81. Policy & Incentive Developments Federal: • Tax Extender Package – 30% investment tax credit for alternative vehicle refueling property – Extension of the 50 cents per gallon alternative fuel tax credit and alternative fuel mixture tax credit. • 2014 National Clean Diesel Funding Assistance Program (EPA) • National Clean Diesel Campaign has issued a stand alone Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) Tribal Competition
  82. 82. Policy & Incentive Developments Federal: • U.S. DOT has announced the availability of up to $100 million in competitive grant funds through the Federal Transit Administration’s (FTA) “Ladders of Opportunity” initiative. The goal is to invest in projects that improve the mobility of Americans with transportation disadvantages. The FTA will fund up to 80% of the total project cost; a 20% local match is required. The application submission deadline is August 4, 2014.
  83. 83. Policy & Incentive Developments • Alternative Fuels Vehicle Deployment Initiatives (DOE - pending official announcement): – Alternative Fuel Vehicle Demonstration and Enhanced Driver Experience Projects; – Alternative Fuel Training for First Responders, Public Safety Officials and Critical Service Providers; and, – Incorporation of Alternative Fuels into Emergency Response and Preparedness Operations.
  84. 84. Imports of crude oil to the U.S. were on an upward trend for about 20 years. Since 2006, this trend has reversed, with imports of crude oil declining to 7.7 million barrels per day by 2013. In 2009 lower demand and a collapse in oil prices caused the expenditures to fall to about $750 million per day. Since that time the spending has been closer to $1,000 million per day or more. Good News! Dollars per Day Spent on U.S. Petroleum Imports U.S. Imports of Crude Oil, 1980-2013
  85. 85. Clean Cities - Tools You Can Use AFLEET Tool Evaluate benefits of Alternative Fuel Vehicles •Total Cost of Ownership Calculator •Fleet Energy & Emission Footprint Calculator •Payback Calculator VICE Model Evaluate investments in CNG Vehicles and/or fueling infrastructure
  86. 86. Questions? Carl Lisek Executive Director South Shore Clean Cities (219) 644-3690