WARPHOTOGRAPHERSSocial Studies for 10 th E.G.B.Teacher: Mauricio Torres
What is a photojournalist? Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a news story. Timeliness — the images have meaning in the context of a recently published record of events. Objectivity — the situation implied by the images is a fair and accurate representation of the events they depict in both content and tone. Narrative — the images combine with other news elements to make facts relatable to the viewer or reader on a cultural level.
What is a photojournalist? Like a writer, a photojournalist is a reporter but he or she must often make decisions instantly and carry photographic equipment, often while exposed to significant obstacles.
Robert Capa Real name: André Friedman Was a Hungarian combat photographer and photojournalist who covered five different wars: the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II across Europe, the 1948 Arab- Israeli War, and the First Indochina War.
Robert Capa From 1936 to 1939, he was in Spain, photographing the horrors of the Spanish Civil War, along with Gerda Taro, his companion and professional photography partner.
Robert CapaCapa originally wanted to be a writer;however, he found work in photographyin Berlin and grew to love the art. In 1933,he moved from Germany to Francebecause of the rise of Nazism, but foundit difficult to find work there as afreelance journalist.He adopted the name "Robert Capa”around this time – in fact "cápa”("shark”) was his nickname in school and Capas first published photograph wasalso he felt that it would be recognizable that of Leon Trotsky making a speech inand American-sounding. He found it Copenhagen on "The Meaning of theeasier to sell his photos under the newly Russian Revolution” in 1932.adopted "American" sounding name andover a period of time gradually assumedthe persona of Robert Capa.
Robert CapaProbably his most famous images, The Magnificent Eleven are a group of photos of D-Day taken by Robert Capa. Taking part in the Allied invasion Capa was with the secondwave of troops on the American invasion beach, Omaha Beach. The men stormingOmaha Beach faced some of the heaviest resistance from German troops within thebunkers of the Atlantikwall. While under constant fire Capa took 106 pictures, but allbut eleven were destroyed in a photo lab accident back in London.
Robert Capa• Capa is known for redefining wartime photojournalism. His work came literally from the trenches as opposed to the more arms- length perspective that was the precedent previously. He was famed for saying, "If your picture isnt good enough, youre not close enough."
James Nachtwey Is an American photojournalist and war photographer. Nachtwey started working as a newspaper photographer in 1976 at the Albuquerque Journal. In 1980, he moved to New York and began working as a freelance photographer. In 1981, Nachtwey covered his first overseas assignment in Northern Ireland illustrating civil strife. He has documented a variety of armed conflicts and social issues.
James NachtweyIn Iraq, as Nachtwey, along with Timecorrespondent Michael Weisskopf rode inthe back of a Humvee with the UnitedStates Army "Tomb Raiders" SurveyPlatoon, an insurgent threw a grenadeinto the vehicle. Weisskopf grabbed thegrenade to throw it out of the humvee,but it exploded in his hand. Two soldierswere injured in the explosion, along withthe Time journalists. Nachtwey managedto take several photographs of medicBillie Grimes treating Weisskopf beforepassing out. Both journalists wereairlifted to Germany and later to hospitalsin the United States. Nachtweyrecovered sufficiently to return overseasto cover the tsunami in Southeast Asia ofDecember 26, 2004.
James Nachtwey Nachtwey was present during the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center, and produced a well known related body of work.
James Nachtwey In South Africa, Latin America, the Middle East, Russia, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, he has been shooting pictures of war, conflict and famine, and images of socio- political issues (pollution, crime and punishment) in Western Europe and the United States.
Assignment• Look on the internet or History books, pictures done by Fenton or Brady. They were both war photographers during the 1860s (American Civil War and Crimean War). After that, do the following, and send it via email: • Compare their styles with that of Capa and Nachtwey (2 paragraphs). • Analyze the phrase: “if your pictures aren t good enough, you are not close enough”. Does it apply to Fenton and Brady? In what way? (one paragraph). • Use two sample images to justify your answer. One by Fenton or Brady and the second one by Capa or Nachtwey. • Brady did some “retouching” to his pictures. What was it?