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S O C I A L S T U D I E S F O R 8 T H E . G . B .
T E A C H E R : M A U R I C I O T O R R E S
Sumerian Achievements
Background
 Sumerians were not just advanced in government
and religion issues; they also developed many other
things, th...
Writing
 Maybe the most
important development
in human History.
 They developed
cuneiform, the world’s
first writing sys...
Elements of Writing
 Pictographs used to be the way
humans kept “written” records. They
were picture symbols.
 In cuneif...
Technical Advances
 The Wheel.
 They were the first to build
wheeled vehicles.
 They also created a device that
spins c...
Technical Advances
 Sewers
 Makeup
 Jewelry
 Bronze tools
Math & Sciences
 Math system based on the number 60
 That is why we divide the circle into 360º
 Dividing the year into...
Architechture
 Architecture
 The science of building.
 People lived in small one story houses, made of mud bricks.
 Ru...
Arts
 Sumerian sculptors produced many
statues of gods.
 They used wood, ivory and pottery.
 Their pottery was really b...
Ask Yourself
 Recall:
 What was the center of most Sumerian cities?
 What was one of the most important technical devel...
Extra Task #1
 Find out the meaning of all the
words in this slide show, that
are in this color.
 Search for their meani...
Extra Task #2
 Get some clay!
 Use a stick or something
similar as a stylus.
 Draw some pictographs and
try to write a ...
Bibliography
 Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History
(Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal,
Ed.)...
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Sumerian achievements

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Sumerian achievements

  1. 1. S O C I A L S T U D I E S F O R 8 T H E . G . B . T E A C H E R : M A U R I C I O T O R R E S Sumerian Achievements
  2. 2. Background  Sumerians were not just advanced in government and religion issues; they also developed many other things, that are part of our daily life today.
  3. 3. Writing  Maybe the most important development in human History.  They developed cuneiform, the world’s first writing system.  They used sharp tools called styluses to make symbols on clay tablets.
  4. 4. Elements of Writing  Pictographs used to be the way humans kept “written” records. They were picture symbols.  In cuneiform, they added representations of syllables, in that way, it enriched writing.  Scribes, were specialized people that were hired to write.  The first stories were written, they were called Epics.  Long poems that tell stories of heroes: The Epic of Gilgamesh
  5. 5. Technical Advances  The Wheel.  They were the first to build wheeled vehicles.  They also created a device that spins clay, so that a craftsperson can shape it: potter’s wheel.  The Plow  Pulled by oxen, the plows broke through the soil to prepare it for farming.  Water Clock
  6. 6. Technical Advances  Sewers  Makeup  Jewelry  Bronze tools
  7. 7. Math & Sciences  Math system based on the number 60  That is why we divide the circle into 360º  Dividing the year into 12 months.  Geometry  Studied the natural world  Inventories of names of thousands of plants, animals and minerals.  Medicine  Ingredients from plants, animals and minerals to produce healing drugs.  They even catalogued treatments and symptoms!
  8. 8. Architechture  Architecture  The science of building.  People lived in small one story houses, made of mud bricks.  Rulers lived in large palaces.  Temples were the largest and most impressive buildings: they were called, ziggurats.  They were pyramid shaped temple towers.
  9. 9. Arts  Sumerian sculptors produced many statues of gods.  They used wood, ivory and pottery.  Their pottery was really bad!  Jewelry  They used gold, silver and gems.  Cylinder Seals  They were small stone cylinder engraved with works of art.  Music  Reed pipes, drums, tambourines and lyres.
  10. 10. Ask Yourself  Recall:  What was the center of most Sumerian cities?  What was one of the most important technical development of Sumer?  Summarize:  What different types of art did the Sumerians create?  Describe:  What Sumerian advance in mathematics do we use everyday when we look at the calendar?  How did Sumerians write?  Draw Conclusions:  How was cuneiform used to express complex ideas?
  11. 11. Extra Task #1  Find out the meaning of all the words in this slide show, that are in this color.  Search for their meaning, in order to be better prepared for your test!
  12. 12. Extra Task #2  Get some clay!  Use a stick or something similar as a stylus.  Draw some pictographs and try to write a sentence!  Bring it to school and show it to your friends, and have them try to guess what it means.  Involve your parents and ask them to help you out!
  13. 13. Bibliography  Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.  Images taken from Google and “Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids” http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/.

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