later people - sea peoples

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later people - sea peoples

  1. 1. Later Peoples of the FertileCrescent: Sea PeoplesSocial Studies for 10th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. The Phoenicians At the western end of the Fertile Crescent, along theMediterranean Sea, was a land known as Phoenicia.They were not powerful, but they were a trade-based society.
  3. 3. Geography Today, it lies onmodern dayLebanon. Mountains to thenorth and east,ocean to the west. They had few resources, and their trading routes werelimited due to hostile neighbors. They were forced to trade through the sea.
  4. 4. Trade To able to trade, they had to learnand master seamanship (beingsailors). They built the harbor Tyre, whichis still used today! Phoenicians traded all around theMediterranean: Egypt, Greece,Italy, Sicily and Spain. They also founded other coloniesalong the coast, like Carthage.
  5. 5. Trade Phoenicia grew wealthy from trade. They traded: lumber, silverwork, ivory and slaves.
  6. 6. Innovations The Phoenicians developed: Glass blowing: the art of heating and shaping glass. Purple dye: an ink made from a type of shellfish. But their most important development was thealphabet! The one we still use today is based on theone invented by the Phoenician’s Alphabet: a set of letters that can be combined to formwords.
  7. 7. Ask Yourself Recall: What were the three most important innovations of thePhoenicians? Identify: What was the reason why they relied so much on trade? Draw Conclusions: Why were the Phoenicians such good sailors? Why were their colonies only along the Mediterraneancoastline?
  8. 8. Write in… Phoenician! Use the second column fromthe left as a guide to writeyour own name in ancientPhoenician. Practice in class and whenyou go home, improve theart and bring it back nextclass so it can be posted inyour classroom!
  9. 9. Excercise Look for the meaning of the words written in italicor with a different color in order to understand theunit better. This might be helpful in a test!
  10. 10. Bibliography Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History(Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H.McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: HoughtonMifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P.Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US:Pearson Education INC. Images taken from www.google.com

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