Later Peoples of the Fertile
Crescent: Sea Peoples
Social Studies for 10th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres
Chapter 3, Section 1 (page 72 in your books)
At the western end of the Fertile Crescent, along the
Mediterranean Sea, was a land known as Phoenicia.
They were not powerful, but they were a trade-
Today, it lies on
Mountains to the
east, ocean to the
They had few resources, and their trading routes were
limited due to hostile neighbors.
They were forced to trade through the sea.
To able to trade, they had to learn
and master seamanship (being
They built the harbor Tyre, which
is still used today!
Phoenicians traded all around the
Egypt, Greece, Italy, Sicily and
They also founded other colonies
along the coast, like Carthage.
Phoenicia grew wealthy from trade.
They traded: lumber, silverwork, ivory and slaves.
The Phoenicians developed:
Glass blowing: the art of heating and shaping glass.
Purple dye: an ink made from a type of shellfish.
But their most important development was the
alphabet! The one we still use today is based on the
one invented by the Phoenician’s
Alphabet: a set of letters that can be combined to form
What were the three most important innovations of the
What was the reason why they relied so much on trade?
Why were the Phoenicians such good sailors?
Why were their colonies only along the Mediterranean
Write in… Phoenician!
Use the second column from
the left as a guide to write
your own name in ancient
Practice in class and when
you go home, improve the
art and bring it back next
class so it can be posted in
Look for the meaning of the words written in italic
or with a different color in order to understand the
This might be helpful in a test!
Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History
(Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H.
McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton
Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History. (P.
Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, US:
Pearson Education INC.
Images taken from www.google.com