2. The Kingdom of Mali
In the upper Niger river, there was
a nation called the Mandinka.
They had suffered defeat in a war.
The king and his family were
slaughtered, except for one of his
sons, who was considered too
weak and sickly to pose a threat.
By 1235, he had crushed his
enemies, he was in control of the
gold trade routes and founded the
Kingdom of Mali.
His name was Sundiata
3. Sundiata’s Achievements
He conquered the
decaying Empire of
He took power away
from local leaders, in
order to centralize it.
Mali is an Arab version of the Mandinka word.
Their kings were called Mansas.
They stretched their dominions to the south.
Cities like Timbuktu boomed into civilized centers.
5. The Greatest King
In the year 1312, the greatest ruler of the
kingdom, came to the throne.
His name was…
7. MANSA MUSA
• He expanded Mali’s borders:
• To the north and towards
• He made sure that peace was
kept within his kingdom.
• He converted to Islam and
adopted the Muslim justice
• But, he promoted
religious tolerance and
did not impose his
religion on his subjects.
9. Mansa Musas’ Travels
12000 servants for the King.
500 for his wife.
14000 slaves carrying fine silk clothes and the
500 carrying golden staffs
His fortune spent is estimated to be 100 million
USD if he had done the trip today.
For the only time in history, one man controlled
the price of gold.
10. The Hajj
In 1324 he made the
hajj, or pilgrimage to
He showed his
devotion towards his
On the way he made
a few diplomatic and
economic ties with
other Muslim states.
11. Buildings for life
Afterwards, he brought back with him many different
scholars, architects and teachers who helped promote
He built a university in Timbuktu, which still exists
12. Decline of Mali
broke away, and
little by little, it all
The power vacuum
was filled by
13. Homework: Being a Herald
You are travelling with Mansa Musa on your
way to Mecca.
You are his herald, and it is your job to
announce him every time you arrive to a
Write a paragraph describing you king to
your hosts in order to announce his coming.
His devotion to his religion.
His abilities as a leader.
14. Ask Yourself
Identify: After conquering neighboring
kingdoms, what did Sundiata focus on?
Infer: Why do you think Mansa Musa traveled
in such an opulent manner?
Analyze: What kind of leader was Mansa
Ellis, E. G., & Esler, A. (2009). World History.
(P. Hall, Ed.) Upper Saddle River, New
Jersey, US: Pearson Education INC.
Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World
History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.).
(H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.:
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing
Images taken from Google.