Early History The Israelites or Hebrews recorded events and laws in the Torah, their most sacred text. They were a group of herders that appeared sometime between 2000 and 1500 BC.
Nomadic People 2000 B.C. According to the Torah, Abraham who lived near Ur, migrated with his sheep-herding family into a region named Canaan. He is considered to be the founding father of the Israelite nation. Because of famine, they had to move out Canaan and left for Egypt, where they lived well. Their numbers grew into great numbers. Therefore, the Pharaoh enslaved them out of fear.
Nomadic People 1200 B.C. According to the Hebrew Bible, a leader named Moses appeared among the Israelites. He appeared before the Pharaoh and demanded his people be freed. He refused. Soon a series of plagues struck the land of Egypt and out of fear and superstition, the Pharaoh freed them. The journey out of Egypt back to Canaan was called the Exodus. They believed that God had chosen them as their special people and set
Law and Morals According to the Hebrew Bible, during the Exodus, Moses received from God two stone tablets at Mount Sinai: These included a code of moral laws. They are known as The Ten Commandments. With these laws they agreed to value human life, self-control and justice. Also the commitment to only one God.
Monotheism “I am the Lord your God, who brought youout of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods beside Me.” This promise of a unique relationship with God helped shape the history of the Israelites, later known as the Jews. Their early religion evolved into Judaism.
Return to Canaan Eventually they reached the land of Canaan. Once there, they fought against people living there to gain control of the land, before they could settle. Afterwards they built their own society. In Canaan they lived in scattered communities, with no central government! Instead they chose judges to enforce laws and settle disputes
Ask Yourselves Identify: Who was Abraham? Where did he come from and where did he move to? Sequence: Briefly detail the events that led to the Exodus. Infer: Knowing the geography of the Middle East, which natural features do you think Abraham might have followed into Canaan? (draw a map with the answer given in class) Recall: According to the Hebrew Bible, what code of morals did God give to Moses? Explain: How did the Ten Commandments shape Israelite life?
Bibliography Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teacher´s Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H. McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Images taken from Google.com