Assessing Primary
and Secondary
Sources
Social Studies for 8th EGB
Teacher: Mauricio Torres
Primary and Secondary Sources
Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

• They are materials created by
people who lived during ...
Identifying Sources
• What is it?
– First hand source or is it based on information by others? In
short, is it primary or ...
Case Study:

The Rosetta Stone
• Over 5000 years ago, the ancient
Egyptians wrote things down using a
picture writing called hieroglyphics. The
people wh...
• Hundreds of years later, archaeologists
discovered beautiful hieroglyphic writing
on the walls of ancient Egyptian pyram...
• It was not until quite recently, a mere 200
years ago, that a stone was found in
Egypt. This stone had the same short st...
The Rosetta Stone
Notice the three different types of writing on the stone. It would be the
equivalent of a Google transla...
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Assessing Sources

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Assessing Sources

  1. 1. Assessing Primary and Secondary Sources Social Studies for 8th EGB Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. Primary and Secondary Sources Primary Sources Secondary Sources • They are materials created by people who lived during the times they describe. They can be: • They are accounts written later by someone who was not present. – Letters, diaries, images or photographs. • They are designed to teach about or discuss a historical topic.
  3. 3. Identifying Sources • What is it? – First hand source or is it based on information by others? In short, is it primary or secondary source? • Who wrote it? – What is the relationship with what he/she is writing about? – What makes the author an authority on the subject? • Who is the audience? – The audience can influence on what the writer has to say • What is the purpose? – Look for bias, emotions or opinions in the source. These might influence the accuracy of the account! • Does other evidence support the source? – Compare with other sources and see if your original source is supported by others.
  4. 4. Case Study: The Rosetta Stone
  5. 5. • Over 5000 years ago, the ancient Egyptians wrote things down using a picture writing called hieroglyphics. The people who did the actual writing were called scribes. • The scribes had a problem. The ancient Egyptians wrote everything down, absolutely everything! Although hieroglyphics were very pretty, it took time to write in pictures. The Rosetta Stone Background elements • Scribes needed a faster way to write things down. They created a new form of writing called Demotic script. The new scribes did not study the old language of hieroglyphics. They could write much more rapidly with some of the new scripts they created.
  6. 6. • Hundreds of years later, archaeologists discovered beautiful hieroglyphic writing on the walls of ancient Egyptian pyramids and tombs. The archaeologists had a problem. They knew hieroglyphics had meanings. Although lots of archaeologists could read Demotic script, there was no one left in the world who remembered what the ancient hieroglyphics meant. The Rosetta Stone Problems! • It was most frustrating!
  7. 7. • It was not until quite recently, a mere 200 years ago, that a stone was found in Egypt. This stone had the same short story written on it in Greek, in Demotic, and in hieroglyphics. Scientists could read Greek. Scientists could read Demotic. And now, scientists could begin to read hieroglyphics. They named this famous stone the Rosetta Stone. The Rosetta Stone Hieroglyphics translated! • Today, the Rosetta Stone is on display for everyone to see. Currently, it makes its home in the famous British Museum in London.
  8. 8. The Rosetta Stone Notice the three different types of writing on the stone. It would be the equivalent of a Google translator!

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