Social Studies for 10th EBG
Teacher: Mauricio Torres
Jewish History: Antisemitism
• What is “semitic” or semite?
• What does antisemitic mean?
• Misapplication of the term
• History of antisemitisim
• Roots of religious antisemitism
What does antisemitic mean?
• Prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against
Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish
– It is considered by many to be a form of racism.
• Antisemitism may be manifested in many ways:
– expressions of hatred of or discrimination against
– to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or
even military attacks on entire Jewish communities.
What does semitic mean?
The term Semite means a
member of any of various
ancient and modern Semitic-
speaking peoples originating in
the Middle East, including;
• Akkadians Canaanites,
Phoenicians, Hebrews, Arameans,
Chaldeans, Hyksos, Syriacs, Arabs
and many others.
• The concept of "Semitic" peoples is
derived from Biblical accounts of the
origins of the cultures known to the
• Those closest to them in culture and
language were generally deemed to be
descended from their forefather Shem.
• The earliest historic evidences of these
people/languages are found in:
– the Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia), an
area encompassing the Akkadian,
Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations,
– Extending into southern Asia Minor and
– the Levant along the eastern
Roots of religious antisemitism
Hostility among Christians to
Judaism and the Jewish people
may have developed from the
early years of Christianity:
• the persecution of Christians in the New
• and persisted over the ensuing centuries,
driven by numerous factors including
• theological differences,
• competition between Church and
• misunderstanding of Jewish beliefs and
• a perceived Jewish hostility toward
Antisemitic depiction of Jews:
Who led this persecution?
• In many Christian countries, it led to
civil and political discrimination
against Jews, legal disabilities, and
in some instances to physical
attacks on Jews which occasionally
ended in emigration, expulsion,
and even death.
– This was not led by the Church, but
by private individuals in positions of
• Throughout Christian history, some
Popes, bishops and some Christian
princes stepped up to protect Jews
Why was religion misused to
• Rabbinic Judaism is the basis for
modern Judaism. Itself was based on
• Who instigated the crucifixion of
Jesus? A small group of Pharisees.
– Popular ignorance led to a
misinterpretation of this into open
conflict and persecution.
• Therefore early Christians developed
a natural resentment against the
Brief history of Antisemitism
Notable instances of persecution include
• The pogroms which preceded the First Crusade
• The expulsion from England in 1290,
• The persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition and
the expulsion from Spain in 1492,
• Cossack massacres in Ukraine, various pogroms
• the Dreyfus affair,
• the Holocaust,
• official Soviet anti-Jewish policies.
• the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim
• Progrom: a
an ethnic or
aimed at Jews.
Misaplication of the term
• We have learned so far that the
term "anti-Semite", came to refer
most commonly to one hostile or
discriminatory towards Jews in
• However and ironically, Arabs
are Semites too! So is it an
• Also, due to the Diaspora, Jews
have mixed with Germans,
Russians, Spaniards, etc, so it is a
mistake to call them Semites.
– Which people are Semites?
– What does antisemitic mean?
– Why is the term “antisemitic” misused?
– In how many ways can we relate ignorance with
– How is Rabbinic Judaism related with early Christianity?
– Give some historical examples of persecution against