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  1. 1. Antisemitism Social Studies for 10th EBG Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. Jewish History: Antisemitism • What is “semitic” or semite? • What does antisemitic mean? • Misapplication of the term • History of antisemitisim • Roots of religious antisemitism
  3. 3. What does antisemitic mean? • Prejudice, hatred of, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage. – It is considered by many to be a form of racism. • Antisemitism may be manifested in many ways: – expressions of hatred of or discrimination against individual Jews – to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities.
  4. 4. What does semitic mean? The term Semite means a member of any of various ancient and modern Semitic- speaking peoples originating in the Middle East, including; • Akkadians Canaanites, Phoenicians, Hebrews, Arameans, Chaldeans, Hyksos, Syriacs, Arabs and many others. Origin: • The concept of "Semitic" peoples is derived from Biblical accounts of the origins of the cultures known to the ancient Hebrews. • Those closest to them in culture and language were generally deemed to be descended from their forefather Shem. • The earliest historic evidences of these people/languages are found in: – the Fertile Crescent (Mesopotamia), an area encompassing the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian civilizations, – Extending into southern Asia Minor and – the Levant along the eastern Mediterranean.
  5. 5. Roots of religious antisemitism Hostility among Christians to Judaism and the Jewish people may have developed from the early years of Christianity: • the persecution of Christians in the New Testament, • and persisted over the ensuing centuries, driven by numerous factors including • theological differences, • competition between Church and Synagogue, • misunderstanding of Jewish beliefs and practices, • a perceived Jewish hostility toward Christians. Antisemitic depiction of Jews:
  6. 6. Warning! Who led this persecution? • In many Christian countries, it led to civil and political discrimination against Jews, legal disabilities, and in some instances to physical attacks on Jews which occasionally ended in emigration, expulsion, and even death. – This was not led by the Church, but by private individuals in positions of power. • Throughout Christian history, some Popes, bishops and some Christian princes stepped up to protect Jews Why was religion misused to persecute Jews? • Rabbinic Judaism is the basis for modern Judaism. Itself was based on Phariseic thought. • Who instigated the crucifixion of Jesus? A small group of Pharisees. – Popular ignorance led to a misinterpretation of this into open conflict and persecution. • Therefore early Christians developed a natural resentment against the Jews.
  7. 7. Brief history of Antisemitism Notable instances of persecution include • The pogroms which preceded the First Crusade in 1096, • The expulsion from England in 1290, • The persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion from Spain in 1492, • Cossack massacres in Ukraine, various pogroms in Russia, • the Dreyfus affair, • the Holocaust, • official Soviet anti-Jewish policies. • the Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries. • Progrom: a violent massacre or persecution of an ethnic or religious group, particularly one aimed at Jews.
  8. 8. Misaplication of the term • We have learned so far that the term "anti-Semite", came to refer most commonly to one hostile or discriminatory towards Jews in particular. • However and ironically, Arabs are Semites too! So is it an accurate term? • Also, due to the Diaspora, Jews have mixed with Germans, Russians, Spaniards, etc, so it is a mistake to call them Semites.
  9. 9. Ask Yourself • Recall: – Which people are Semites? – What does antisemitic mean? • Analyze: – Why is the term “antisemitic” misused? • Relate: – In how many ways can we relate ignorance with antisemitism? – How is Rabbinic Judaism related with early Christianity? • Identify: – Give some historical examples of persecution against the Jews