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  1. 1. “Ahimsa” or Nonviolence Social Studies for 8th E.G.B. | Teacher: Mauricio Torres
  2. 2. Groups react to Hinduism  Although Hinduism was widely followed in India, not everyone agreed with its beliefs.  They searched for different religious beliefs and group such as the Jains emerged, who believed in Jainism.
  3. 3. Jainism  It is based on the teachings of a man named Mahavira, who is believed to have been born around the 600s.  He was born and raised a Hindu, but as he grew up, he thought Hinduism emphasized too much on rituals.  Instead of rituals he would emphasize on:     Injure no life. Tell the truth. Do not steal. Own no property.
  4. 4. Nonviolence  In their efforts to injure no one or anything, the Jains practice nonviolence  It is the avoidance of violent actions.  In sanskrit, this is called ahimsa.  It is even practiced by Hindus.  They believe that everything is alive and is part of the rebirth cycle.  They are very serious not injuring or killing no living creature.  Therefore they are vegetarians.
  5. 5. Historical examples of nonviolence  When India wanted to become independent from the British Empire, Gandhi embraced Ahimsa.  By using the power of love, he believed people could convert, even the worst wrongdoer to the right course of action.  Jesus is also known to preach nonviolence, and even as far as preaching to love your enemies!  Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. (Matt. 5:43-48, Luke 6:27-28)
  6. 6. Historical examples of nonviolence  Martin Luther King Jr. described nonviolent resistance as:  “passive physically, but strongly active spiritually; it is nonaggressive physically but dynamically aggressive spiritually”.  What do you think he meant by this?
  7. 7. Linking to Today  Open your books on page 134.  Take a look at the section called Linking to today, where it talks about nonviolence.  Read it, discuss it in class, and use it as a source of information for your homework.
  8. 8. Ask Yourself  Identify  On whose teachings was Jainism based?  Name some important historical figures that practiced and preached Ahimsa, even if they never heard of it?  Contrast  How did Jainism differ from Hinduism?  Do you think Christianity preaches similar ideals as Jainism? Why or why not?  Recall  What are the four main teachings of Jainism?