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  1. 1. Poetry Terminology Presented by: Mrs. Tenney
  2. 2. TERMS <ul><li>Alliteration </li></ul><ul><li>Assonance </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperbole </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Irony </li></ul><ul><li>Metaphor </li></ul><ul><li>Personification </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia </li></ul><ul><li>Oxymoron </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition </li></ul><ul><li>Rhyme </li></ul><ul><li>Simile </li></ul>RESOURCES MORE INFO
  3. 3. Meet the Presenter <ul><li>Mrs. Tenney </li></ul><ul><li>6 th year at KAHS </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoys reading and writing poetry! </li></ul>
  4. 4. RESOURCES <ul><li>Academy of American Poets Website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/17105 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://magnussonllc.wordpress.com/2009/08/10/pimp-my-presentation-alliterations/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microsoft Office Clipart Galley </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. ALLITERATION <ul><li>Repetition of the same, initial consonant sounds </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: S oft S ighing of </li></ul><ul><li>the S ea </li></ul>
  6. 6. ASSONANCE <ul><li>The repetition of the vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: As h igh as a k i te in a br igh t sky </li></ul>
  7. 7. HYPERBOLE <ul><li>A bold, deliberate overstatement not intended to be taken seriously. The purpose is to emphasize the truth of the statement. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: He weighs a ton, I could eat a horse </li></ul>
  8. 8. IMAGERY <ul><li>Usually these words or phrases create a picture in the reader’s mind. Some imagery appeals to the other four senses (hearing, touch, taste, smell). </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sight – smoke mysteriously puffed our from his ears </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound – he could hear a faint but distant thump </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch – the burlap wall covering scraped his skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste – a salty tear ran down his cheek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smell – the scent of cinnamon floated into his nostrils </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. IRONY <ul><li>The general name given to the literary techniques that involve differences between appearance and reality, expectations and result, or meaning and intention. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was ironic that the police station was robbed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was ironic that the Olympic swimmer drowned in the bathtub. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It was ironic that the soldier survived the war and then was shot on his own front porch after returning home safely. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. METAPHOR <ul><li>A figure of speech in which one thing is spoken as though it were something else, a direct comparison of two unlike things. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: It is raining cats and dogs </li></ul>
  11. 11. PERSONIFICATION <ul><li>Figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: The wind spoke her name </li></ul>
  12. 12. ONOMATOPOEIA <ul><li>The use of words that imitate sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Buzz, Thud, Hiss, Woof, Quack </li></ul>
  13. 13. OXYMORON <ul><li>The junction of words which, at first view, seem to be contradictory, but surprisingly this contradictions expresses a truth or dramatic effect. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: Pretty ugly, Icy hot </li></ul>
  14. 14. REPETITION <ul><li>The use, more than once, of any element of language – a sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLE: By Edgar Allan Poe </li></ul><ul><li>By the sinking or the swelling in the anger of the bells </li></ul><ul><li>Of the bells </li></ul><ul><li>Of the bells, bells, bells, bells </li></ul>
  15. 15. RHYME <ul><li>Word endings that sounds alike </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Rhyme – rhyme within a line </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: T im e, Sl ime , M ime </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Rhyme – Scornful ly sca ly snake which held his very fate </li></ul>
  16. 16. SIMILE <ul><li>A comparison using like or as. </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMPLES: As brave as a lion, As dumb as an ox </li></ul>
  17. 17. MORE INFORMTAION <ul><li>If you’d like to learn more about poetry terms, please refer to Mrs. Tenney’s Moodle page. The website is: </li></ul><ul><li>http://ecougar.kasd.org/ </li></ul>