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  • For example, the Buddha is often shown with a bump on on the top of his head. This is a symbol that he had special talents. He is often seen with a round mark on his forehead, which is his third eye. This is a symbol to show that he could see things ordinary people cannot see. He may be shown with curled hair, which is a symbol that he was a very holy man. Sometimes he has long ears, which is a symbol that he came from an important family, and also that he could hear things that other people could not.
  • Buddhism

    1. 1. Buddhism
    2. 2. Ancient Population Estimates <ul><li>3000 BC-14 million (formation of city states in Mesopotamia) </li></ul><ul><li>2000 BC-27 million (Possible time of Abraham) </li></ul><ul><li>1000 BC-50 million (Kingdom of Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>400 BC-162 million </li></ul><ul><li>1 AD-400 million </li></ul><ul><li>2009-6.7 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Source: U.S. Census Bureau </li></ul>
    3. 4. Theravada <ul><li>Oldest surviving type of Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam </li></ul>
    4. 5. Vajrayana <ul><li>Mongolia, Southern China, Northern India, Nepal, Tibet </li></ul><ul><li>Most recent derivation of Buddhism </li></ul>
    5. 6. Mahayana <ul><li>Largest Buddhist tradition </li></ul><ul><li>China, Japan, Korea, Vietnam </li></ul>
    6. 7. Symbols of Buddhism The wheel of life which symbolizes the cycle of life, death and rebirth. The eight spokes remind people that the Buddha taught about eight ways of life.
    7. 8. The lotus flower symbolizes purity and divine birth. The lotus flower grows in mud at the bottom of a pool, but rises above the surface to become a beautiful flower. A flower may be very beautiful and have a wonderful scent, but it soon withers and dies. This shows that nothing in life is perfect.
    8. 9. Images of Buddha Statues of Buddha include lots of symbols. There are 32 symbols in Buddhism which show that the Buddha was a special person. Any of these symbols can be used on statues.
    9. 10. Three essential Buddhist beliefs <ul><li>Belief in Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in dharma—the teachings of Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>The Sangha-Buddhist community-both monks, nuns and lay people. Purpose is to help others so to become less selfish and move toward nirvana </li></ul>
    10. 11. Where do Buddhists worship: <ul><li>At home or in a temple </li></ul><ul><li>Worshippers sit on the floor before a statue of Buddha, chant and listen to monks chanting from religious texts </li></ul><ul><li>Many homes have shrines with a statue of Buddha, candles and an incense burner </li></ul>
    11. 12. How do Buddhists worship? <ul><li>Worship is called puja </li></ul><ul><li>Worshippers chant to show their love for Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>They make offerings of flowers, water, incense and candles at a shrine </li></ul><ul><li>When worshipping alone, usually read from holy books and meditate </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>People remove their shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Bow three times before statue with their hands together-the bows stand for the three essential beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer flags and wheels are sometimes used in prayer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flutter of flag and turn of wheel represent prayers </li></ul></ul>
    13. 14. <ul><li>Every month, most Buddhists have special religious days. These are often days when there is a full moon. </li></ul>
    14. 17. Rites for the dead <ul><li>The early Buddhists followed the Indian custom of burning the body at death. The Buddha’s body was cremated and this set the example for many Buddhists, even in the West. After death, while the dead person is being prepared for the funeral fire, the monks continue to chant in order to help the dead one’s good energies to be released from their fading personality. </li></ul>
    15. 18. <ul><li>When someone is dying in a Buddhist home, monks come to comfort them by chanting verses to them, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Even the gorgeous royal chariots wear out; and indeed this body too wears out. But the teaching of goodness does not age; and so Goodness makes that known to the good ones.&quot; </li></ul>
    16. 19. <ul><li>The monks come with the family to the funeral. The family and all their friends give food and candles to the monks. Goodwill is created by these gifts and it is believed that the goodwill helps the lingering spirit of the dead person. </li></ul>
    17. 20. Stupas
    18. 21. Columns
    19. 22. Cliff sculpture in China
    20. 23. Potala Palace-Lhasa