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  • The topic I chose to do my project on is Nursing. The nursing field has many different degrees and job opportunities. Nursing jobs are always needed throughout the country.\n\n
  • I have wanted to become a nurse for a couple of years. I go to Central Montco Technical High School to learn the basic things about nursing. I have my CNA CPR/AED license and I work at Regina Nursing Home in Norristown.\n
  • Nurses examine and monitor patients to determine what a patients needs to be healthy and to live. Nurses provide care for patients and often have other health care providers to help them. One of the most important roles of a nurse is to be a patient advocate. Nurses protect the interests of patients when the patient cannot because of illness. Nurses are also responsible for explaining procedures and treatment. Nurses guides patients toward healthy behaviors and support them in time of need. Nurses provide physical care only when patients cannot do so for themselves. Nurses provide dignity in death by helping the patient to spend time with the family members in their final days. Hospital nurses are responsible for discharging, planning and helping patients adapt to their conditions and work toward a full recovery.\n
  • Education and training requirements for employment are minimal. Some aides go on to get a degree as an LPN or RN. Most hospitals require aides to have at least one year of experience in the health care field. Nurse aide training programs are offered at colleges, tech schools, nursing homes and hospitals. Anatomy, infection control, nutrition, and communication skills are taught. Aides who successfully complete state-mandated programs are given a license. This allows the CNA’s to work. U.S department of labor ranks nurse aides as the tenth fastest growing occupation. A CNA feeds, bathes, dress and assist patients. They can also take vital signs. CNA’s perform duties for patients who are ill or psychically disabled. In nursing homes CNA’s are the main care givers to the patient, which CNA’s grow to have a strong bond with the patient. Because CNA’s have so much close contact with a patient over a long period of time, they are in an important position. CNA’s can monitor a patients progress, and communicate to and for the patient and to the rest of the health care staff.\n
  • An LPN has one formal year of education plus supervised clinical instruction. LPN’s provide bedside care to the ill, injured, and disabled patients. LPN’s work under the supervision of a registered nurse. An LPN can help doctors and nurses examine and carry out nursing procedures. LPN’s also observe the patients and reports any symptoms, reactions and changes in the patients condition to the doctor or nurse in charge. LPN’s can apply dressings, instruct patients on home health care and handle administrative responsibilities as record taking and managing appointments for a clinic or doctors office. \n
  • In the U.S a registered nurse must have a license to practice. To get a license a student must graduate from a state approved school of nursing and pass a state board examination. There are three routes a student can take to become a nurse. The first is a two year program. This program is given in a community college, junior college or a technical college. Once you completed the two year nursing program, the student has graduated with an associate of applied science degree. The second option is three years of academics. These programs are offered by hospitals, and the person gets a diploma. The third option is four years of studying and training. Programs are offered by 4 year colleges and universities. Once the student graduates they receive a bachelor of science in nursing degree. All 3 options require for the state mandatory board exam. A high school diploma and a minimum of a C average is necessary for all of the nursing programs. The type of nursing program a student chooses will affect their job potential. The more education will also affect the level of responsibilities assigned.The type of program a student chooses should depend on his or her career and personal goals, interests, and abilities. A bachelor’s degree program is always the best route to take. Because of the demands of the nursing field, sometimes students transfer from an associates degree program to a bachelor degree program. All 2,3 and 4 year nursing programs consists of classroom instruction plus supervised nursing practice. The classes vary according to the length of the program. This will include courses in anatomy, english nursing concepts and technics, and microbiology and others.\n
  • In the bachelor degree program precalculus math, chemistry, parent-child nursing, nursing research health care in the social system and nursing trends are added. Personal qualities one must have to become a good nurse are; compassion, patience, good physical and emotional health, the ability to work well as part as a team, willingness to take on responsibility, the ability to react quickly and correctly in emergency situations, a love of people and the desire to help all kinds of patients in need of all kind of medical care. \n
  • Clinical nurse specialist (CNS) are registered nurses with advanced nursing degrees either a master’s or doctorate education. They are experts in a specialized area, such as cardiac or cancer care, or mental health. Besides doing direct patient care, CNS’s work in research, consulting, education and administrative roles. They provide primary care, develop nursing care techniques and quality control methods. They also can teach students to become nurses and also other health care professionals. CNS’s can work in a doctors office, clinic, hospital, school for nursing, or any research lab. \n
  • Operating room nurses provide care for patients before, during and after surgical procedures. Operating room nurses work with surgical teams and ensure that the patients are receiving the best care as possible. Before surgery operating room nurses interview and assess patients to identify problems and find the proper care they should receive the day of surgery. During surgery, operating room nurses monitor patients, coordinate patient care and make sure that the surgical team is giving the best possible patient care. They support the team by maintaining a sterile environment and assist the surgeon by selecting and handing instruments and supplies needed for surgery. After surgery, the nurses care for the patients in the recovery care unit. Helping them with recovery and on the life sustaining needs of the patient. They also prepare patients and families for life after surgery and teach them how to take care of themselves at home. \n
  • The responsibilities of an E.R. nurse is to provide emergency medical care for patients. Although emergency nursing is its own speciality, it incorporates almost ever other speciality in the profession. Emergency care can range from giving general nursing care to performing life-saving procedures. When a patient enters the E.R. the nurse checks the patient and determines the emergency of the illness or injury. Nurses also take and record vital signs, they also check for injuries that may not be visible. Nurses must be able to stabilize the patient, prepare the patient for testing, blood work, surgery and preform resuscitation if necessary. The nurse gives out the initial treatment until a doctor can see the patient. E.R. nurses face situations that require them to act quickly, independently, and confidently. E.R. nurses also have to be a good team player. Working with other medical staff and law enforcement in what can become a tense and emotional situation. E.R. nurses also act as educators. Many patients that are seen in the E.R. do not have access to follow up care. Nurses must educate there patients about self care when they are discharged. \n
  • To become a Critical care nurse the nurse must have a bachelor degree license. Critical care nursing is a very challenging job. Nurses are only assigned 1-2 patients. Critical Care nurses requires keeping up with the latest medical technology and research as well as medical treatments and procedures. Critical care nursing is very intense. Patients require constant care and monitoring. Critical care nurses are confronted with situations that require them to act immediately on the patients behalf. The nurse is an advocate for the patient. They also provide support and education to the patients families.\n
  • If you want to become a nurse anesthetists you have to be a registered nurse, with a bachelor’s degree and at least one year of nursing experience. Once a student has done this they can apply to a nurse anesthesia program. The program is 24-36 months long. Once you complete the program you then have a master’s degree. They also receive hundreds of hours of clinical experience in operating rooms. Before surgery, a CRNA takes the patients history, forms a plan for the care and explains the surgery to the patient. At that time if the patient has a question they can answer them. The CRNA gives the patient an IV medication to relax the patient. Then they give a combination of drugs to maintain the patients in a controlled state of unconsciousness. Some general anesthetics are given by inhalation through a mask and tube and others are given through an IV. Because the muscle relaxer prevents the patient from breathing on their own, the CRNA provides artificial respiration through a tube into the windpipe. Throughout surgery the CRNA monitors the patients vital signs by watching the video and digital displays. The CRNA is responsible for maintaining the patients blood and water and salt levels. After surgery the CRNA monitors the patients return to consciousness and watches for complications. The CRNA must be skilled in the use of ventilators, IV’s, blood and fluid replacement techniques and post operation pain management.\n
  • Pediatric nurses care for patients from the age of infancy to the late-teen age years. They work closely with the family doctor to provide preventative and acute care. A pediatric nurse gives developmental screenings, well child exams, immunization needles and they can diagnosis and treat patients with childhood illnesses. They work with patients families, educating them on proper nutrition, child disease prevention and growth and development. As nurses have a strong understanding of what a child’s emotional needs are. Nurses play an important role in the treatment of young patients. Nurses put the child at ease and tries to help them understand what is going on and what they are going through.\n
  • Labor and delivery nurses are specially trained to provide nursing care for women who are about to give birth and who are in labor. They monitor the fetal heart rate, the women’s blood pressure, time contractions and exam the mom-to-be to see how close she is to delivering the baby. Labor and delivery nurses educate a women and her family on the stages of giving birth and what to expect. During labor, they may coach a woman to do breathing exercises and when to push. They also start IV’s and give pain medications. They help the doctor with the delivery of the baby. The nurse also helps the mom with the baby after birth.\n
  • Hospice nurses care for people who are in the final stages of a terminal illness. Normally a hospice patient has less than 6 months to live. Hospice care usually takes place in a person’s home. They provide medical and emotional support to their patients and families. The goal of a hospice nurse is to help a patient be as comfortable and to live with as much dignity as possible before they die. A hospice nurse provides womb care, draw blood, and give medications. It is very important for a hospice nurse to have a lot of nursing experience before going into this specialty. Hospice nurses work alone. Flexibility is required because duties vary greatly from hour to hour and day to day. Many hospice nurses are on call and there work is mentally stressful. Hospice nurses don’t stay in the specialty for a long period of time. It is hard work and very intense. Most of hospice nursing is treating the symptoms of a disease. Rather then helping a patient get better and helping to cure the patient. \n
  • School nurses promote the health and safety of students. They work to prevent illnesses and also treat minor injuries and accidents. School nurses can also refer students who need additional medical attention. They are also responsible for giving out medication to children. They also make sure that the special needs for students are being taken care of properly. School nurses are employed at the elementary, middle and high school levels. School nurses must have patience and like working with children and teens. They must be able to work well with teachers and parents. They should be able to work independently since they usually work alone.\n
  • Flight nursing includes critical care, emergency medical services and disaster response services to patients before going to the hospital. They are highly trained nurses that make life and death decisions very quickly. They must be able to work well in teams and react quickly to changes in patients and environmental conditions. Flight nurses work with patients located in areas that cannot reach hospitals in time or disaster scenes like a car accident. They preform medical care while air lifting patients to the hospital. These nurses also communicate with the hospital to let them know whats going on, so when the patient arrives they are prepared to do what is necessary for that patient.\n
  • There are many different types of equipment used by a nurse. I chose a stethoscope, blood pressure cuff, and a heart monitor because these are the main things used by a nurse in any nursing specialty.\n
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  • For my application I took pictures at the U.M Blood Drive. The American Red Cross supplies blood to hospitals for patients who are in desperate need of blood. Nurses and Doctors save thousands of lives a year from the donated blood. As a student entering the medical field I think the blood drives are one of the most important steps needed in order for a medical team to do their job successfully.\n
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  • As another part of my application I volunteered at Montgomery Hospital. There is a law named HIPPA which protects the privacy of a patient. I could not take pictures of the nurses and I performing procedures on patients. I went to the different departments of the hospital and helped the nurses. I took pictures of some of the departments I was in and some of the equipment they use.\n
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  • For my class activity I will be teaching the class how to properly take off contaminated gloves. Step 1: With your right hand pinch the center of the left hand glove and slowly pull the glove off. Step 2: The glove that you just removed, you crumble up using the right hand that still is gloved. Step 3: Close your right hand into a fist. Step 4: With your left hand use your index and middle finger to slide under the right hand glove. Step 5: Pull the glove off. Using only those two fingers pull the bottom of the glove over your hand and turn the glove inside out. Step 6: In your left hand you should be holding the glove inside out. Step 7: Throw the gloves into a biohazard trash can.\n
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  • I knew I wanted to be in the health care field but I wasn’t sure what I wanted to be yet. Doing this project and volunteering at Montgomery hospital helped me figure out the different types of nursing and what they all do. Overall I learned that I want to go to school for my bachelor's degree and become an ER nurse and work in a big trauma unit.\n
  • Nursing

    1. 1. Nursing By: Sam Salinas
    2. 2. Thesis
    3. 3. Personal Relevance
    4. 4. What is Nursing?
    5. 5. Nursing Degrees ★ Certified Nurse’s Assistant (CNA)Swanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.
    6. 6. Nursing Degrees ★ Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)Swanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.“Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.
    7. 7. Nursing Degrees ★ Registered Nurse (RN) ★ Associate of Science in Nursing (ASN)Swanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.“Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.
    8. 8. Nursing Degrees ★ Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)Swanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.
    9. 9. Nursing Degrees ★ Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)
    10. 10. Nursing Fields ★ Operating Room Nurse
    11. 11. Nursing Fields ★ Emergency Room Nurse“Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.
    12. 12. Nursing Fields ★ Critical Care UnitSwanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print. “Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.
    13. 13. Nursing Fields ★ Nurse AnesthetistsSwanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.“Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.
    14. 14. Nursing Fields ★ Pediatric Nurse
    15. 15. Nursing Fields ★ Labor And Delivery NurseSwanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.
    16. 16. Nursing Fields ★ Hospice Nurse“Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.
    17. 17. Nursing Fields“Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.Swanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.
    18. 18. Nursing Fields★ Flight Transport Nurse
    19. 19. Nursing Equipment★ Stethoscope★ Blood Pressure Cuff★ Heart Monitor
    20. 20. Nursing Skills ★ General Patient Care ★ Vital Signs ★ PPE ★ Hand Washing ★ CPR ★ Drawing Blood
    21. 21. Physical Appearance ★ Scrubs ★ White shoes ★ Second hand watch ★ I.D ★ Black/blue ink pen ★ Hair pulled back ★ No jewelry, fake nails, or visible tattoo’s
    22. 22. Application Component Upper Merion Blood Drive
    23. 23. Application Component Upper Merion Blood Drive
    24. 24. Application Component Upper Merion Blood Drive
    25. 25. Application Component Montgomery Hospital
    26. 26. Application Component Montgomery Hospital
    27. 27. Class Activity
    28. 28. Works Cited★ Swanson, Barbara Mardinly. “Nurse.” Careers In Health Care. 4th ed. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc., 2000. 142-145. Print.★ “Registered Nurses.” Career’s In Focus: Nursing. 3rd ed. New York NY: Ferguson, 2006. 158 166. Print.★★ Britannica. “Nursing.” Elibrary. Vers. 6.0. Encyclopedia Britannica, Jan. 2009. Web. 3 Nov. 2010.★ Williams, Betty Smith. “Opportunities in Nursing.” Elibrary. N.p., 1 Feb. 1996. Web. 3 Nov. 2010.★ "Types Of Nursing Degrees Options." All nursing schools. All Star Directories Inc., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.★ "Occupational Outlook Handbook 2010-2011." United States Department Of Labor. 2010-2011 ed. N.p., 17 Dec. 2009. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.★ "Different Fields Of Nursing." Veethi Telang, 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2011.★★★★★
    29. 29. Picture Citations★★★★★★★★★★★★★★
    30. 30. Picture Cit Con.★★★★ v=1&c=NewsMaker&k=2&d=EDF6F2F4F969CEBD495D725F8B0AD2FA600DADA9F657AE7CAA293C01E2A59917★★★★★★★★★
    31. 31. Picture Cit Con.★★★
    32. 32. Conclusion