Primarily Teaching:Using Primary Sources toEngage Students in the     Study of History           Stefanie Rosenberg Wager ...
Poll Everywhere Question: Do you use primary sources in your  classroom at least once a week?   http://www.polleverywher...
Using Primary Sources? In a recent study, teachers cited three main  reasons they don’t use primary sources:    No time ...
So, What is a Primary         Source? What is your definition of a primary source? Primary Source Sort Working with you...
One Definition Primary sources provide first hand testimony or  direct evidence concerning a topic under  investigation. ...
Using Primary Sources   to Teach Inquiry
Guiding Questions   Observe            Reflect         Question         I Know• What do you     • Why do you     • What do...
Political Cartoons           Cartoon analysis guide           Have students label            elements of political      ...
Prints & Photographs Zoom instrategy(usemagnifyingglasses) Prequel/Sequel
Continued… Dividing the image
Continued… Put yourselfin the image ThoughtBubbles 30 SecondLook and ThenDig Deeper
Analyzing Maps The Devil is in the Details    Give students pieces of a map and have each     student examine one piece ...
Analyzing Documents Quote MVP   Give students quotes and ask them to select their    MVP (most valuable point) related t...
Music/      Sound Recordings Use a song or sound recording as a class opener. Using music to teach a certain time period...
Using Art to Teach      Historical Analysis “Reading” a Portrait    Smithsonian American Art Museum Discussion of art a...
General Strategies Weighing the evidence    Example: Give students 5-7 documents related to     causes of the Civil War....
Continued… Historical Debates   Have students play the role of historical figures. Four Corners   Pose a historical qu...
Continued… Structured Academic Controversy (SAC) Socratic Seminars DBQs (Document Based Questions)      Check out the ...
Historical Book               Backdrops   Book backdrops are a way to infuse primary sources into    children’s literatur...
Book Backdrops             Example                                          QR                                            ...
Continued… On loan from the Benjamin Shapell Family Manuscript Foundation (070, Lincoln to Grace Bedell) http://myloc.gov/...
Where Can I Find     Primary Sources? Top Ten Places to Find Primary  Sources Other sources? One of the best places to ...
Key Parts of Library of     Congress Website   American Memory (contains over 20 million digitized items)   Exhibitions ...
Quick Guide toAmerican Memory         Click on American Memory         and then more browse options.
Here you cansearch for primarysources by date,topic, region, etc.
Today in History at LOC                  Click on Today in                  History. You can                  either see t...
Exhibitions at LOCGo to www.loc.gov. At the bottom, click on more exhibitions. You cansee a list of every exhibit that has...
LOC Resources for    Teachers              Go to www.loc.gov              and click on              Teachers.             ...
One example of theresources availableto teachers on theLOC site. These areready-made primarysource sets.
Using Primary Sources to    Teach Historical Thinking Historical Thinking Skills       Chronological Thinking       His...
Technology to Enhance Your             History Classroom    (Find many more links at www.technologynow.wikispaces.com)   ...
Continued…   Docs Teach- Hundreds of ready-made activities around primary source    documents from NARA.        www.docs...
Continued…   Capzles- Create virtual timelines       http://capzles.com   Dropbox- Free doc space and can share docs   ...
Continued… Tube Chop- Easily edit any YouTube video    www.tubechop.com Skype- Talk with anyone in the world… for FREE ...
Questions?Comments?
Primarily Teaching: Teaching with Primary Sources
Primarily Teaching: Teaching with Primary Sources
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Primarily Teaching: Teaching with Primary Sources

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  • Time: 2 minutes
  • Introductions: 5 minutesRate Yourself Activity and Discussion: 5 minutes
  • Ask participants to think about their definition of a primary source. (2 minutes)Primary source sort (8 minutes)Rework definition of primary source (2 minutes)
  • Using Primary Sources to Teach Inquiry with Primary Source Analysis Tool (10 minutes)Picture: Reader in a Cigar Factory He reads books and newspapers at the top of his voice all day long. This is all the education many of these workers receive. He is paid by them and they select what he reads. Tampa, Florida January 1909 from the Lewis Hine collection
  • Do Waldseemuller Map Activity -Give a piece of the map to each person or pair-Ask participants to record observation about their section of the map on the primary source analysis sheet-Next, ask participants to get with another group and compare notes.-Once they are done sharing notes, ask participants to circulate around the room and put the map together. Notes about the Map: Crated by Martin Waldseemuller around 1507. It is the first known map to use the word “America.”
  • Notes: Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way, US Capitol, 1861
  • Notes: Final Version, 1862
  • Pass out Top Ten Places to Find Primary Sources
  • Reference Historical Thinking Standards,
  • Primarily Teaching: Teaching with Primary Sources

    1. 1. Primarily Teaching:Using Primary Sources toEngage Students in the Study of History Stefanie Rosenberg Wager Email: stefanie.rosenbergwager@gmail.com Twitter: @srwteacher Blog: www.stefaniewager.blogspot.comWebsites: www.technologynow.wikispaces.com www.usingprimarysources.weebly.com
    2. 2. Poll Everywhere Question: Do you use primary sources in your classroom at least once a week?  http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_ polls/MTQ1ODUzOTA3Ng
    3. 3. Using Primary Sources? In a recent study, teachers cited three main reasons they don’t use primary sources:  No time to find primary sources.  Too many resources available. It’s hard to funnel down to “best” resources.  Don’t know how to effectively use primary sources with students.
    4. 4. So, What is a Primary Source? What is your definition of a primary source? Primary Source Sort Working with your elbow partner, rework your definition of a primary source.  Be ready to share out!
    5. 5. One Definition Primary sources provide first hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. They are created by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions being documented. Often these sources are created at the time when the events or conditions are occurring, but primary sources can also include autobiographies, memoirs, and oral histories recorded later.
    6. 6. Using Primary Sources to Teach Inquiry
    7. 7. Guiding Questions Observe Reflect Question I Know• What do you • Why do you • What do you • What do you notice first? think this wonder now know• What people image was about? about the and objects made? • Who? image after are shown? • What’s • What? examining it?• How are they happening in • When? arranged? the image? • Where?• What is the • When do you • Why? physical think it was • How? setting? made?• What details • What can can you see? you learn from examining this image?
    8. 8. Political Cartoons  Cartoon analysis guide  Have students label elements of political cartoons  Symbolism  Exaggeration  Labeling  Analogy  Irony
    9. 9. Prints & Photographs Zoom instrategy(usemagnifyingglasses) Prequel/Sequel
    10. 10. Continued… Dividing the image
    11. 11. Continued… Put yourselfin the image ThoughtBubbles 30 SecondLook and ThenDig Deeper
    12. 12. Analyzing Maps The Devil is in the Details  Give students pieces of a map and have each student examine one piece of the map.  Have them record what they know on sticky notes and place on the map.  Then have them share with a partner or larger group.  Finally, have students put the map together to see the “big picture.”
    13. 13. Analyzing Documents Quote MVP  Give students quotes and ask them to select their MVP (most valuable point) related to the lesson essential question. Tampering with History  Change the document so it’s easier to read for struggling readers. Jigsaw with cooperative learning groups
    14. 14. Music/ Sound Recordings Use a song or sound recording as a class opener. Using music to teach a certain time period in history  Example: Civil War music, Great Depression, etc. LOC Jukebox (www.loc.gov/jukebox) LOC Sound Recordings  Example: WPA Slave Narratives http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/voice s/
    15. 15. Using Art to Teach Historical Analysis “Reading” a Portrait  Smithsonian American Art Museum Discussion of art as a primary vs. secondary source
    16. 16. General Strategies Weighing the evidence  Example: Give students 5-7 documents related to causes of the Civil War. Students have to “weigh” which documents carry more weight and answer the essential question.  Civil War Causes and Effects http://docsteach.org/activities/3895 Sorting/categorizing primary sources Five senses chart  Students analyze various documents and record what they hear, see, taste, feel, and smell.
    17. 17. Continued… Historical Debates  Have students play the role of historical figures. Four Corners  Pose a historical question and ask students to move to the corner of the room they agree with. Label corners agree, strongly agree, disagree, strongly disagree.  For example: Slavery was the cause of the Civil War.
    18. 18. Continued… Structured Academic Controversy (SAC) Socratic Seminars DBQs (Document Based Questions)  Check out the DBQ Project (www.dbqproject.com) Reading Like a Historian  Sourcing, Contextualizing, Corroboration, Close Reading Wordle (www.wordle.net)  Copy and paste text to create a visual image  Great discussion starter and to compare documents
    19. 19. Historical Book Backdrops Book backdrops are a way to infuse primary sources into children’s literature. Steps:  Find a piece of children’s literature that deals with some historical aspect (slavery, WWII, etc.)  As a way to teach the book, select 2-3 primary sources that connect to the book in some way. This varies depending on age level and other factors. For younger students you might just select one image. For older students, you can usually select one short piece of text and photographs.  Use primary source strategies to not only teach the book, but also the historical aspects of the book through the use of the primary sources. (You can also bring in technology such as QR codes to help with this step.)
    20. 20. Book Backdrops Example QR CodesFor a more detailed explanation go to www.stefaniewager.blogspot.com
    21. 21. Continued… On loan from the Benjamin Shapell Family Manuscript Foundation (070, Lincoln to Grace Bedell) http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/vignettes/CandidateLincoln/ExhibitObjects/LincolnsBeard.aspx The Library of Congress www.lov.gov/teachers
    22. 22. Where Can I Find Primary Sources? Top Ten Places to Find Primary Sources Other sources? One of the best places to find primary sources is….  The Library of Congress (www.loc.gov)
    23. 23. Key Parts of Library of Congress Website American Memory (contains over 20 million digitized items) Exhibitions (place to view all exhibitions that have been at LOC) THOMAS (access to past and present Congressional records) World Digital Library (key primary sources from each region of the world) Veterans History Project (oral histories of veterans and other resources) Kids and Families Section Teachers Section (lots of resources on using primary sources, lesson plans, etc.) Researchers
    24. 24. Quick Guide toAmerican Memory Click on American Memory and then more browse options.
    25. 25. Here you cansearch for primarysources by date,topic, region, etc.
    26. 26. Today in History at LOC Click on Today in History. You can either see the document of the day or search by a specific date.
    27. 27. Exhibitions at LOCGo to www.loc.gov. At the bottom, click on more exhibitions. You cansee a list of every exhibit that has been at the Library of Congress.
    28. 28. LOC Resources for Teachers Go to www.loc.gov and click on Teachers. Here you can find a wealth of resources specifically for Teachers.
    29. 29. One example of theresources availableto teachers on theLOC site. These areready-made primarysource sets.
    30. 30. Using Primary Sources to Teach Historical Thinking Historical Thinking Skills  Chronological Thinking  Historical Comprehension  Historical Analysis and Interpretation  Historical Research Capabilities  Historical Issues- Analysis and Decision Making An Introduction to Historical Thinking Skillswww.teachinghistory.org/historical-thinking-intro
    31. 31. Technology to Enhance Your History Classroom (Find many more links at www.technologynow.wikispaces.com) C-SPAN Classroom- Especially check out American History TV  www.c-spanclassroom.org Glogster– Poster yourself  www.edu.glogster.com Stixy– Create virtual bulletin boards  http://stixy.com Live Binders- Create virtual binders  http://livebinders.com Scribble Maps- Maps you can scribble on, add pictures, text, etc.  www.scribblemaps.com
    32. 32. Continued… Docs Teach- Hundreds of ready-made activities around primary source documents from NARA.  www.docsteach.org Voicethread- Collaborate around almost any type of media  http://ed.voicethread.com Weebly- Create easy to use websites  http://education.weebly.com Fotobabble- Create and share talking photos  http://fotobabble.com Bitstrips- Create your own comic strips  http://bitstrips.com
    33. 33. Continued… Capzles- Create virtual timelines  http://capzles.com Dropbox- Free doc space and can share docs  www.dropbox.com Show Document- Free web meetings  www.showdocument.com Easy Bib- Create free bibliographies in MLA and APA  http://easybib.com Edmodo- It’s like Facebook for K-12 education  http://edmodo.com
    34. 34. Continued… Tube Chop- Easily edit any YouTube video  www.tubechop.com Skype- Talk with anyone in the world… for FREE  www.skype.com and http://education.skype.com Living Room Candidate- Presidential campaign ads since 1952.  www.livingroomcandidate.org Cool Tools for Schools- Collection of Web 2.0 tools  www.cooltoolsforschools.wikispaces.com
    35. 35. Questions?Comments?

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