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a complete history about australia...

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  1. 1. Group 5
  2. 2. • Australia officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. • Neighboring countries include Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. Group 5
  3. 3. • The currency of Australia is Australian Dollar. • 1 Australian Dollar equals 0.74 US Dollar. Group 5
  4. 4. • Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. • These first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. • The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia. Group 5
  5. 5. COAT OF ARMSGroup 5
  6. 6. • Australia's landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometers is on the Indo-Australian Plateau . Surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. • The world's smallest continent and sixth largest country by total area , Australia—owing to its size and isolation— is often dubbed the "island continent", and is sometimes considered the world's largest island. • The largest towns are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Perth. Group 5
  7. 7. • Canberra is the capital city of Australia with a population of 381,488, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall. • A resident of Canberra is known as a "Canberran". Group 5
  8. 8. • The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef system composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for over 2,300 kilometres (1,400 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (133,000 sq. mi). The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia. Group 5
  9. 9. Satellite view
  10. 10. • Australia is a wealthy country; it generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing. • It has a market economy, a relatively high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. • Australia is the world's fourth largest exporter of wine. The Barossa Valley is a major wine-producing region in South Australia. Group 5
  11. 11. • Rich in natural resources, Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, particularly wheat and wool, minerals such as iron-ore and gold, and energy in the forms of liquefied natural gas and coal. • Australia's largest export markets are Japan, China, the US, South Korea, and New Zealand. Group 5
  12. 12. • The climate of Australia is significantly influenced by ocean currents. • With periodic drought, and the seasonal tropical low- pressure system that produces cyclones in northern Australia. • Much of the northern part of the country has a tropical, predominantly summer-rainfall (monsoon) climate. Group 5
  13. 13. • The Australian Mega fauna includes a wide variety of mammals, birds and reptiles. • Mammals : Red Kangaroo, Eastern grey Kangaroos, Antilopine kangaroo, Eastern wallaroos, common wombats, southern hairy-nosed wombat. • Birds: Emu and dwarf cassowaries • Reptiles: goanna, saltwater crocodile and freshwater crocodile Group 5
  14. 14. • Australian terrestrial flora is divided into 30 major Vegetation Groups and 67 Major Vegetation Subgroups. • Main vegetation are Eucalypt woodlands, Acacia shrub lands, Tussock grasslands and Chenopod. Group 5
  15. 15. • POPULATION : 23.13 million • SEX RATIO : 1.01 male(s)/female • URBAN POPULATION : 21,392,649 • RURAL POPULATION : 2,530,452 • Australian English is the most spoken language, with a different accent and few manipulations in spelling and grammar. • Australia has no state religion. The majority of the population are Roman Catholics. Group 5
  16. 16. • Australia has the third and seventh highest life expectancy of males and females respectively in the world.[ • Life expectancy in Australia in 2010 was 79.5 years for males and 84.0 years for females. • Australia has the highest rates of skin cancer in the world, while cigarette smoking is the largest preventable cause of death and disease, responsible for 7.8% of the total mortality and disease. Group 5
  17. 17. • The basis of Australian culture has been strongly influenced by Anglo-Celtic Western culture and by the mid 20th century the American culture influenced Australian culture through television, medias and magazines. • The rock art of Australia's Indigenous peoples is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. • Australian literature grew slowly in the decades following European settlement though Indigenous oral traditions, many of which have since been recorded in writing, are much older. Group 5
  18. 18. • Australia is a constitutional monarchy with a federal division of powers. It uses a parliamentary system of government with Queen Elizabeth II at its apex as the Queen of Australia, a role that is distinct from her position as monarch of the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen resides in the United Kingdom, and she is represented by her viceroys in Australia (the Governor-General at the federal level and by the Governors at the state level), who by convention act on the advice of her ministers. • . Supreme executive authority is vested by the Constitution of Australia in the sovereign, but the power to exercise it is conferred by the Constitution specifically on the Governor- General. The most notable exercise to date of the Governor- General's reserve powers outside the Prime Minister's request was the dismissal of the Whitlam Government in the constitutional crisis of 1975. Group 5
  19. 19. The Prime Minister Tony Abbott Peter Cosgrove, the Governor General
  20. 20. Their basic meal is the Sunday roast. Other popular dishes include Vegemite, pavlova, lamingtons and meat pies are regarded as iconic Australian foods. Group 5
  21. 21. • Tourism is a major field that brings in income. • For the year ending on April 2015 there were 7.1 million visitors. • Gold Coast is the most popular place for surfing. Its called the Surfer’s Paradise. Group 5
  22. 22. • Kangaroos are endemic to Australia. • . The Australian government estimates that 34.3 million kangaroos lived within the commercial harvest areas of Australia in 2011, up from 25.1 million one year earlier. Group 5
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