Early cinema

498 views

Published on

Intro Early Film History Notes

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
498
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Early cinema

  1. 1. Early Hollywood Cinema
  2. 2. Vaudeville• Early 1800s to 1930s.• Variety Shows.• Magic, dance, song, acrobats…
  3. 3. First “Movie Theatres”• Small, back room of a general store.• male only, “Slumming it”• Film NOT an art; it entertainment!• First “filmmakers” = “tinkerers”
  4. 4. First “Toys”• Phenakisticope
  5. 5. • Zoetrope
  6. 6. Photography- Made Cinema Possible• Eadweard Muybridge, 1878.• CA bet on horses.• Series of cameras.• Interested in “freezing” action, not re-creating mov’t.
  7. 7. • Etienne - Jules Marey, 1882.• One “gun-like” camera – step towards the motion picture camera.• George Eastman, 1889 – Celluloid.• Still needed shutters, cranks…
  8. 8. 2 most important film firms• 1) Edison Manufacturing Company (USA).• 2) Lumiè re Frè res (France).
  9. 9. Thomas Edison• “American Father of the Movies”.• 1893 invent kinetoscope, which led to Kinestoscope parlors.• Fad – no need to project.
  10. 10. First Studio• Edison’s Black Maria, 1892.• Absorb vibrations of camera.• Tar paper block sun.• Camera on trolley.
  11. 11. Problems• Small space.• Camera heavy and used electricity = no on location.• Films really simple in form and style.• Static.
  12. 12. Films, 1894-1896• “The Kiss”• “Cockfight” • CLIPS
  13. 13. Lumiere Brothers• “French Fathers of Cinema”• Cinematographe• December 28, 1895 - “Birth of Cinema”• First to project on a screen.
  14. 14. Characteristics• “Fathers of the ‘actualité ’”.• Shot on location.• Not static - camera move.
  15. 15. Lumiere Films, 1895-1897• “Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat”• “Baby’s Lunch”• “The Sprinkler Sprinkled” – CLIPS
  16. 16. Question:• Which do you prefer?• 1) Edison’s films? Why?• 2) Lumieres’ films? Why?
  17. 17. Georges Melies, 1896-1914• Magician – effects.• “Father of special effects”• Created Fantasy worlds – “Master of Mise-en-scene”.• Stop Motion Photography• Dissolves
  18. 18. • Built a studio that was glass-sided, like a greenhouse.• Why was this innovation important?• Used stories.• Extremely popular.
  19. 19. “A Trip to the Moon”, 1902• CLIP 1• Smasking Pumpkin Video ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XQSxwzOngMU )
  20. 20. Question:• 1)Why do you think Smashing Pumpkins’ choose this film to “imitate”?• 2) What do you think about the video? Does it change your perception of this “old” movie?
  21. 21. Edwin S. Porter• Action development w/ a clear linearity of time, space and logic.• Leave action out - gaps.• 2 actions in space and time.
  22. 22. “The Great Train Robbery”, 1903• Final Shot• Studio and on- location• “How to manual”• Color – CLIP
  23. 23. Questions• 1) Think about the form of the film. How does the action develop?• 2) Can you describe any stylistic elements?• 3) How does it manipulate your expectations?
  24. 24. D.W. Griffith• Refined what Porter started.• Complex narratives in short time spans.• Shots• Pan, Traveling shot• Cross Cut - Parallel Editing• Ensemble
  25. 25. Key Films• “New York Hat”, 1912• “The Musketeers of Pig Alley”, 1912• “Birth of a Nation”, 1915• “Broken Blossoms”, 1919
  26. 26. Questions• 1) What genre is this?• 2) How do we identify it as such?• 3) How can we describe the form of the film?• 4) How does it build suspense? Surprise?
  27. 27. Comedics• 1) Keystone Cops – Mack Sennett, 1912.• Visual gag.• Physical comedy.• Gag key. Just for fun.• Contrasting physical types: E.g. “Fatty Arbuckle” and Chaplin.
  28. 28. • 2) Charlie Chaplin, 1914.• W/ Sennett, but, preferred gag to raise consciousness about: – Poverty, drugs, hunger, crime, homosexuality, religious hypocrisy. – “The Tramp” – small derby hat, moustache, oversized pants, enormous shoes.
  29. 29. • “The Rink,” 1916• Frazier – Apartment Fire
  30. 30. Question:• 1) How do the producers of “Frazier” borrow from the early comedy?• 2) Do you see any similarities to Chaplin?
  31. 31. FIN

×