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Use Rights in Taiwan <ul><li>Feng- Chun Ting  </li></ul><ul><li>20/Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>CIFM </li></ul>
Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing right system in Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul><ul><...
Introduction to the Marine Geology and History of Taiwan <ul><li>1.Taiwan under Japanese rule </li></ul><ul><li>2.Kuroshio...
Traditional fishing boat <ul><li>Source:national culture database </li></ul>
Kuroshio current <ul><li>From Philippines to Japan through Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Source:Wikipedia </li></ul>
Terrain <ul><li>West : Shallow / East : Deep  </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Google Earth </li></ul>
Stone Tidal Weir <ul><li>Stationary fishing gear (Station Fishery Use Right) Source:Easy Travel Net </li></ul>
Oyster Culture <ul><li>Regional Fishery use right </li></ul><ul><li>Source:DCView </li></ul>
Fixed fishing net <ul><li>Stationary fishing gear </li></ul><ul><li>(Station Fishery Use Right) </li></ul><ul><li>Source:T...
Long lining <ul><li>Special fishery use right: resources are not exclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Source:blog.rood.com </li></ul>
Agar Weed and Abalone
Agar Weed and Abalone <ul><li>Monopolized fishery use right </li></ul><ul><li>Agar Weed can be made to jelly </li></ul><ul...
Fishermen population in Taiwan in 2007
Fishing right system in Taiwan <ul><li>Special </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources are shared by other fishermen </li></ul></u...
Quasi-Property <ul><li>Similar to  ownership  may accrue to a party who does an act which benefits  society  as a whole. <...
The explanation to quasi-property <ul><li>Transferable </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Time-Limit: 3-15 ye...
How to own fishery use right? <ul><li>Apply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pri...
Fishermen’s associations <ul><li>Exclusive fishery right management authority is held by: </li></ul><ul><li>1. fishermen’s...
Case Study <ul><li>How would you do if you were a judge when people have conflicts on different use rights? </li></ul>1.Hi...
High sea <ul><li>No property </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy of commons </li></ul><ul><li>Coase Theorem (1991 Economic Nobel Pri...
High seas in bright blue  <ul><li>Source: Wikipedia </li></ul>
Bigeye tuna  <ul><li>Living in Indian and Atlantic ocean high sea </li></ul><ul><li>Source:mesotw.com </li></ul>
Fishing on sea weed island <ul><li>Monopolized right </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict! </...
National Park <ul><li>JetSki </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul>
National Park Law <ul><li>General restricted region </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment region </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved hist...
Net Cage <ul><li>Provide recreational fishing tour </li></ul><ul><li>Not very much carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Fish...
Assessment:is use right in Taiwan effective?  <ul><li>Fishermen’s associations control too much power and resources. </li>...
<ul><li>Should adopt ITQ system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Far sea tuna fishery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Should evaluate fisherma...
References <ul><li>葉進雄 ,  我國漁業權管理法制之研究 ,  國立臺灣海洋大學海洋法律研究所 , 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan National Park Law No.12 </li></u...
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Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan

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Fishery Use Rights in Taiwan

  1. 1. Use Rights in Taiwan <ul><li>Feng- Chun Ting </li></ul><ul><li>20/Mar 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>CIFM </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing right system in Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction to the Marine Geology and History of Taiwan <ul><li>1.Taiwan under Japanese rule </li></ul><ul><li>2.Kuroshio </li></ul><ul><li>3.Altitude and latitude </li></ul>
  4. 4. Traditional fishing boat <ul><li>Source:national culture database </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kuroshio current <ul><li>From Philippines to Japan through Taiwan </li></ul><ul><li>Source:Wikipedia </li></ul>
  6. 6. Terrain <ul><li>West : Shallow / East : Deep </li></ul><ul><li>Source: Google Earth </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stone Tidal Weir <ul><li>Stationary fishing gear (Station Fishery Use Right) Source:Easy Travel Net </li></ul>
  8. 8. Oyster Culture <ul><li>Regional Fishery use right </li></ul><ul><li>Source:DCView </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fixed fishing net <ul><li>Stationary fishing gear </li></ul><ul><li>(Station Fishery Use Right) </li></ul><ul><li>Source:Travel Web </li></ul>
  10. 10. Long lining <ul><li>Special fishery use right: resources are not exclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Source:blog.rood.com </li></ul>
  11. 11. Agar Weed and Abalone
  12. 12. Agar Weed and Abalone <ul><li>Monopolized fishery use right </li></ul><ul><li>Agar Weed can be made to jelly </li></ul><ul><li>Abalone was cultured coast platform cave. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fishermen population in Taiwan in 2007
  14. 14. Fishing right system in Taiwan <ul><li>Special </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources are shared by other fishermen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divided fishing grounds are re-allocated to fishermen by associations or communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monopolized </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources are exclusive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stationary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing gears are passive and static </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Quasi-Property <ul><li>Similar to ownership may accrue to a party who does an act which benefits society as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>“Quasi” = “almost&quot; or &quot;resembling&quot; </li></ul>
  16. 16. The explanation to quasi-property <ul><li>Transferable </li></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><li>Time-Limit: 3-15 years </li></ul><ul><li>Claims on real assets </li></ul>
  17. 17. How to own fishery use right? <ul><li>Apply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to the priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Priority: Local fishermen > Association > Company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inheritance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directly from parents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Re-apply </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licenses expire every 15 years </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Fishermen’s associations <ul><li>Exclusive fishery right management authority is held by: </li></ul><ul><li>1. fishermen’s association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.Gong-Liao County Fishermen’s association </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. fishery product community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex.Sea weed collection and process community </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Case Study <ul><li>How would you do if you were a judge when people have conflicts on different use rights? </li></ul>1.High Sea 2.Use Right Conflict 3.National park 4.Net Cage
  20. 20. High sea <ul><li>No property </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedy of commons </li></ul><ul><li>Coase Theorem (1991 Economic Nobel Prize) </li></ul><ul><li>Use in peace </li></ul>
  21. 21. High seas in bright blue <ul><li>Source: Wikipedia </li></ul>
  22. 22. Bigeye tuna <ul><li>Living in Indian and Atlantic ocean high sea </li></ul><ul><li>Source:mesotw.com </li></ul>
  23. 23. Fishing on sea weed island <ul><li>Monopolized right </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict! </li></ul>
  24. 24. National Park <ul><li>JetSki </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul>
  25. 25. National Park Law <ul><li>General restricted region </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment region </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved historical ruins region </li></ul><ul><li>Special landscape region </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved ecological region </li></ul>
  26. 26. Net Cage <ul><li>Provide recreational fishing tour </li></ul><ul><li>Not very much carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing fishes from cage, not wild </li></ul>
  27. 27. Assessment:is use right in Taiwan effective? <ul><li>Fishermen’s associations control too much power and resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Fishermen’s associations charge a lot amount of management fee. </li></ul><ul><li>Far sea fishery is under international pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Licenses time limit maybe too long. It will add difficulty to fishery policy planning. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Should adopt ITQ system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Far sea tuna fishery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Should evaluate fisherman’s association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From community to market-oriented management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Law education to public </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many people don’t know how to resolve use rights conflict. </li></ul></ul>Conclusion / Recommendation
  29. 29. References <ul><li>葉進雄 , 我國漁業權管理法制之研究 , 國立臺灣海洋大學海洋法律研究所 , 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan National Park Law No.12 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan International Law </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Fishery Law No.24 / 41 /42 </li></ul><ul><li>Taiwan Civil Code Law No.767 </li></ul>
  30. 30. Thank you for your attention!

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