We are called the Prajapati Community. In India & overseas, there is a larger number of Prajapati Community. The larger
portion of our Community has been divided into different parts of the country.
The Prajapati Community population in India alone is approximately 7 million, in Gujarat; the whole Community is divided
mostly in under-mentioned groups:
Gurjar - Live in all over Gujarat
Variya - Live in Panchmahal, Kalol, Charotar, Ahmedabad, Sabarkantha, Jamnagar, and Bhavnagar, Botad,Surat
Lad - live mainly in Surat, Navsari and Mumbai also overseas
Mistry - live mainly in Surat, Navsari and Mumbai also overseas
Vatalia - live mainly in Ahmedavad, Dholka,Dhandhuka, Bhavnagar and Mahuva
Sorathiya – live mainly in Saurashtra, ahmedabad, Mumbai also overseas
Ajmeri - live mainly in Bharuch and Vadodara and on the shores of River Narmada
Maru - They originally came from Marvad and Jodhpur and settled in Gujarat
Khambati - live near Petlad and Khambhat area
The population of Gujarati Prajapati is estimated approximately 35,00,000
We are the family of Daksa Prajapati. It is mentioned in our Purans. Daksa Prajapati was the son of Lord Brahma. Daksa
Prajapati was a great scholar of Yajur-Ved. One day, Brahma was pleased with him, and he gave Daksa Prajapati a
prestigious rank, by given this rank, he became very proud of it, and he decided to make Maha Yagna. He invited Rishis,
Muniyos, Devos (Demi-God), and Brahmins. All of those came to Maha-Yagna and set at the Mandap. Daksa Prajapati
entered the Mandap, on his arrival, everybody stood up except Brahma and Shankar, and they remained seated. After
observing this, Daksa Prajapati said," This Shankar is my son-in-law, but he doesn't know how to respect me, so I would not
allow him to take part in Maha-Yagna". Hearing this, Shankar remained calm, but Nandi, could not bear it, and he told
Daksa Prajapati, "Hey Daksa, you're very proud and conceited, and don't consider Shankar as your son-in-law, but as you
have insulted Shankar, and did not give respect to him in this Mandap, in return, I give you a curse that your entire lineage,
in-spite of being of a high and holy Brahmin, in Kali Yug, they'll be known as non-Brahmins".
Thus, we are being Daksa Prajapati's succession, yet by the curse by Nandi, our rank went down in Kali Yug. From this, it
will be known that the Prajapati Community is the rank of Daksa Prajapati, and Brahmin heritage, high and prestigious
community and we also know, now, the root of our Community. To support this, there are many stories in Shrimad
Bhagwad, and Purans. Ancient Arya Samaj was divided in four castes, such as
The person of Shudra also could be a Brahman, such as Valmiki Rushi, was Shudra by birth, however, he was able to
become Brahmin. Current castes and sub-castes are based on their particular skills. In ancient times, Prajapati was very
high up on the rank, and during that time, the higher caste used to come to Prajapati's home to stay with him.
In Dwapar Yug, the Pandavas stayed at Prajapati's home. The Prajapati community was very consecrated, and of refined
culture. After a long time, the name of Prajapati went through a significant downfall. But, its ancient, high, consecrated
values can still be noticed in hidden adage.
To prove that belief, in Prajapati community today, there are so many sants in our community. In Satyug, the guru of
Bhakta Pralad, was Shreebai Mataji, who was Prajapati Bhakta. Gora Kumbhar, was also saint from Maharashtra. In 15th
century, Padamnath Prabhu, who was in Patan, in Gujrat, and also a Prajapati. In Kheda district of Gujrat, and Borsad, Sant
Shree Gopaldas also was Prajapati, in Rajasthan, Bhakta Koobaji in Kankaviti, Bhakta Ranka Vanka, in Saurashatra,
Dhhanga Bhagat, and Mepa Bhagat in Tikar, near Hadavad in Gujrat Kara Bhagat in Godhra, Sant Shree Purshotam Dasji, all
were Prajapati. Also, in Saurastra, Chindal Bhagat, and Ramji Bhagat. In Vanthali Heera Bhagat in, Gadhaka, Jiva Bhagat,
Rana Bordi, Bogha Bhagat (Mahant Shree Balak Dasji), at Navadra, Jina Bhagat, at Bagavadar, Jiva Bhagat (Sant Hans
Dasji), All these were also Prajapati's. Besides, these in Junagadh district, at Satadhar, at the sight of Shree Aapa Giga,
there was Shamji Bhagat, and at the sight of Sat Devivas, or Parab was Sat Sevadas. All these were Prajapatis.
From these, it can be proved that the high, consecrated values, and morals, by the mercy of our ancestors have remained
for all the time in the Prajapati community. Due to the high morals of our ancestors, many Bhaktos hav e taken birth, these
Bhaktos, by doing pottery work, artwork, or carpentry work, and either being poor or rich, were able to provide
accommodation to the higher caste, had true knowledge of religion, and the understanding of their holy duty. This is the
proof of holiness and ancient high values and morals of Prajapati community.
Just as Brahma, the maker of humanity, used the five elements: fire, water, wind, earth and air, so did the descendant's of
the son of Brahma, Daksa Prajapati, also uses the five elements: fire, water, wind, earth, and air, to create different types
of utensils and artwork. These items are mainly used for the basic use for the general public uses, by providing for eating,
drinking, living and worshipping. These art items are handy and useful for the poor and the rich alike. These valuable
artistes and their rank of art has persevered and preserved for generations.
So the present, castes and sub-castes are mainly based on the skill levels. The art of pottery is very ancient and in the old
days the basic existence depended on these earthenware utensils and deities. These handy -works have been recovered by
digging in some of the old cities and from that it is known that the art of pottery has continued yug to yug and is very
At present time the whole Hindu Samaj has been divided into different castes and sub castes, due to the skill levels
expanding. And therefore, the marriages can be taken place in their own castes and also for this reason the whole
community is further divided in different languages/dialects according to provinces/districts, not only that, the speaker of
the same languages are also divided into small groups and it was restricted to mingle and socialize, let alone marry outside
of that community.
At present, the pottery work is considered low because there is a higher demand for iron, steel and copper materials. Things
like stainless steel and other bright materials have taken place of earthen - ware.
Thus, Prajapati community has been divided a long time ago and dispersed in different parts of India. Today, there is
evidence of these fragmentations. There are so many reasons for falling down the rank of the community and one of the
main reasons for this fall down is the lack of education. Due to the lack of education mobility upward is restricted. There is
also a reluctance to move away from the customs. For these reasons, in the past the Prajapati community has been
considered a low community from educated community. The second reason is that these artisans had to depend on farmers
for their living and therefore the Prajapati community was called, "Vasvaya", and considered as dependent on other
communities. By good luck, Prajapati community slowly went towards education, and some people went to foreign
countries, and they formed alliances with other communities. Slowly the barrier of sitting and eating was broken down.
In past, from Prajapati community some people came in touch with the Ksatriyas, and they started to work like them, so
people who mixed with Shatriyas and attained a similar surname. For example Saurastra and Kutch, in Prajapati community
there is a surname like Chavda, Vaghela, Solanki, Gohil, Parmar, and these surnames are recognized as such even at
present. The following surnames in the Shree Sorathia Prajapati community are being used and obtained through heritage
Bhalsod, Bharadwa, Bharadwaj, Buhecha, Chandegra, Chavda, Chhaya, Chitroda, Chohan, Dabhi, Devalia, Dhokia, Dodia,
Fatania, Gadher, Gadhia, Ghadhvana, Ghedia, Girnara, Gohil, Gola, Jagatia, Jethwa, Jogia, Kamalia, Kansara,Kavthiya,
Kataria, Kholia, Koria, Kukadia, Ladva, Majevadia, Mandora, Mavadia, Maru, Nena, Oza, Pankhania, Parmar, Pithia, Poria,
Rathod, Ravat, Sarvaiya, Savania, Shingadia, Solanki, Taank, Vadher, Vadukul, Vara, Vegad, Visavadia, and Yadav…. I t
should be noted that some of these family names are often spelt in a variation for example, Gohil is spelt Gohel and Ladwa
is spelt Ladva, etc.
The people who were working in the masonry or carpentry occupations were given the title of a mason, carpenter, or
masonry etc., and they are known by these names even at present. The people who worked as potters, making utensils,
tiles or any related products from earth were called, "Kumbhkar." Kumbh - means clay utensils and kar - means maker.
Therefore, Kumbhkar was later called,"Kumbhar." Due to the increase use of their trade and that became well known as,
one "Jati" people of Prajapati community it appears that their geographical location determined their title such as Sorathia,
Lad, and Varia. Therefore, people who stayed and lived in Sorath were known as "Sorathia Prajapati."
During the wedding ceremony, the presence of Demi-god was considered necessary and in Indian community at the time of
all weddings in the Mandap, in all four corners the clay pots made by Kumbhar were necessary due to the fact that the
presence of the Demi-god Prajapati was essential and it is a custom to bind such " Chori."(Chori- means that several clay
pots are erected upright by each pillar of the Mandap.) This type of Chori is not used in the marriage of Kumbhar/Prajapati
community and this proves that Prajapati community originated from a high rank and therefore it is considered unnecessary
to use "Chori" because the presence of Demi-gods in the Prajapati community is already there.
Higher castes of Indian community such as Brahmins, Banyas, etc. do not consider it an offense to drink water at a
Prajapatis home and when they travel whether in a village or a city, even though there were other facilities available these
travelers preferred to stay at Prajapatis house. Therefore its established that by preferring to spend the night at the home
of a Prajapati over any other facility available it proves that the Prajapati Community is pure and holy and high in rank,
since time immemorable. Looking at the history of the Prajapati community the nature of Prajapati is to provide hospitality,
shelter, and politeness to their guests.
In Sinhaldip, the daughter of King Bojraj named Ranakdevi born in "Mood" constellation and by telling of astrologers, the
King abandoned her. She survived and who was responsible for bringing her up, giving her shelter, and being a dutiful wife
and having high morals? He was Prajapati Hadmat, there are so many such shelter givers, and this is one example. This is
proved by our past history. The Kings of Gujrat, took advantage of the Prajapati community, to do free work as "Vasvaya"
without paying anything. The potter had to give his services free of charge when officers came and stayed in their town or
village, the potter was called to give free service for bringing the water during the stay. Some of the potters left making
pottery and became carpenters, but even then they could not escape "Vethna Vara." For generations, these Vethna Vara
continued and Prajapati community suffered this heavy task. Only after India gained independence did the Prajapati
community received a relief from this task. Many prajapati's became artists, and many of them have received accolades,
prizes, and badges, etc for their artwork.
Looking at the present time, the people of Prajapati community in comparison to other communities are poor yet their
ancient morales are at a high place. The emphasis on education is a low priority a rare few have expanded the business of
pottery and erected big factories to make bricks and other items. They're making so many utensils, clay toys, housewares,
and different types of artwork from clay and in doing so they have advanced. In other business, they are doing farming,
building, making furniture, and other old crafts and they are promoting artisans. Today, there are some that are educated
and have become barristers, lawyers, doctors, engineers, politicians, magistrates, and the government also employs some
of them. The whole community is advancing and giving these types of services at different places. They have also
established provincial, worldwide Prajapati mandals, Prajapati Samaj, Prajapati youth mandals and some of these publish
monthly news letters and give educational advice, suggestions, etc. to advance higher.
Adventurous members of the Prajapati community have traveled and settled in foreign countries and they are trying hard to
give education to Prajapati brethren. The majority of these people abroad are engaged as carpenters, masonry, and
building work , some of these people have started their own businesses, and also managing small and large businesses. In
comparison of other communities the standard of education is very low in our community. A possible reason for this can be
lack of financial support, for there maybe so many families who wish to give their children higher education of university,
but this wish can not be fulfilled due to lack of money and financial support for this reason the bright children of the future
are denied higher education and the vicious cycle of poverty continues, because they can not get advantages of the benefits
of education which is able to further or advance their lifestyle.
To avoid the difficulties of our community the provincial mandals should set up an educational fund, to help the children of
the community and establish a scholarship for such funds it is really necessary to establish this scholarship if we want our
children to progress.
In Gujarat, Prajapati Community having 21 Branch. Some of the Prajapati’s surname will consider as a place like
Variya Prajapati ( Mumbai) Aasvadia Kanpara, Kapadia, Charolia, Chandrapiya, Juvarda, Jotaniya, Timbalia, Tundiya,
Thoriya, Dhamoshiya, Nadiyapara, Badelia, Maradiya, Mudashiya, Mordhara, Varmora, Vasani, Vispara, Sanura, Sardhara,
Arviya, Sitapara, Surani, Harnesha.