Chapter 4

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Chapter 4

  1. 1. Chapter 4 How Do You EvaluateInformation?
  2. 2. Chapter Topics • The Importance of Critical Analysis • Evaluating the Resource • Evaluating Authority • Evaluating Currency • Evaluating the Content • Evaluating MultimediaCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|2
  3. 3. The Big Picture To be accurate and credible, your information must be sound and from reliable sources. Chapter 4 focuses on the importance of evaluating information and information sources and the criteria used to assess the credibility and appropriateness of that information.Copyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|3
  4. 4. Learning Objectives • Use a set of criteria to evaluate information and information sources. • Identify specific criteria that should be used to evaluate Web pages for credibility and appropriateness.Copyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|4
  5. 5. Case In Point Questions • How will you begin to sort through the millions of Web sites devoted to nutrition? • Realizing the contradictory information on nutrition presented on the Internet, how will you determine which information is credible and which is not? • How well do you think you will be able to judge which information you find is accurate and that which is inaccurate?Copyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|5
  6. 6. Case In Point Questions • Do you think you will be able to successfully select the kinds of resources that will be appropriate to support your information? If so, on what criteria will you base your selection? If not, what do you need to know to make an effective choice? • How will you find data that you can translate into information that your patients will understand, knowing that most of your patients have limited backgrounds in health-related topics, especially nutrition?Copyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|6
  7. 7. Benefits of Effective Information Analysis • Information used will be accurate. • Decisions will be more appropriate. • Your credibility is increased.Copyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|7
  8. 8. Evaluating the Resource Elements to be evaluated: • How information is published – Timelines – Types of publications (how information is communicated)Copyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|8
  9. 9. Publication Timeline • Influences of timeline • Considerations – How important is up-to-the-minute information? (history versus technology example) – How important is behind-the scenes information? – How can you use both current and progressively older information? – What are the best resources for each of these?Copyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4|9
  10. 10. The Publication TimelineCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 10
  11. 11. Journals and Magazines • Types of Publications – Scholarly journals – Trade publications – Popular magazines • Credibility Factors to Consider – Author – Sources of information – Article review process – Examples of each type of publication – Primary and secondary sourcesCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 11
  12. 12. Credibility Factors to Consider • Author • Sources of information • Article review process • Examples of each type of publication • Primary and secondary sourcesCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 12
  13. 13. Organization of a Scholarly Article • Abstract • Results • Keywords • Discussion • Introduction • Conclusion • Literature Review • References • MethodsCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 13
  14. 14. Evaluating Authority • The Author • Sponsorship • Expertise • Academic background and credentials • Work-related or other experience • Licensure or certification • Affiliation • Other publications • Contact informationCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 14
  15. 15. The Publisher • University press • Trade press • Governmental agency • Not-for-profit organization • Specialized press • An individualCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 15
  16. 16. Sponsor or Owner • Meaning of sponsorship • Types of URLs • URL extension • Owner’s reason for presenting the informationCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 16
  17. 17. Evaluating Currency • Print Material • Time elapsed from writing to publication – Age of references – Date and edition of a publication • Web sites – Date of most recent revision – Web site stabilityCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 17
  18. 18. Evaluating Content • Elements to consider – Intended audience – Purpose and scope – Objectivity – Accuracy and verifiability – Overall qualityCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 18
  19. 19. Evaluating Multimedia Use same criteria as for other information • Evaluate the resource. • Evaluate the authority. • Evaluate the currency of the resource and information. • Evaluate the content itself. • Additional criteria • Functionality • Usability • AccessibilityCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 19
  20. 20. Chapter Summary • The Importance of Critical Analysis • Evaluating Resources • Evaluating Authority • Evaluating Currency • Evaluating the Content • Evaluating MultimediaCopyright 2012 Wadsworth © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 4 | 20

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