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Behavioral Learning Theories


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Behavioral Learning Theories

  1. 1. Behavior Learning Theories<br />Laura<br />Karalee<br />Anna<br />Jordan<br />Sarah<br />
  2. 2. Premack Principle<br /><ul><li> A strategy of increasing good behavior by offering an activity as reinforcement rather than a tangible reward.
  3. 3. Students are motivated by the desire to do an activity other than their assigned schoolwork. </li></ul>Role Play<br />
  4. 4. CAN YOU GUESS THIS STRATEGY?<br />Sam spends most of the school day with his head down and doesn’t interact with the teacher or other students. His teacher begins to praise all the little things she sees that he does during the day; lifting his head to listen to another student talk about his book, looking at the teacher during direct instruction and raising his hand to answer a question. What strategy is she using?<br />
  5. 5. Shaping<br />Reinforcing small steps that lead to the desired behavior when that behavior is never displayed by a student.<br />This strategy is useful for student learning and participation as well as reinforcing good classroom behavior.<br /> Slowly molding/shaping Clay<br />
  6. 6. Reinforcing Incompatible Behaviors<br />A student cannot be sitting in their chair working and making a mess at the water fountain at the same time. These behaviors are incompatible, therefore as teachers we reinforce the behavior we want.<br />Needs to be consistent and frequent.<br />A cat and dog are not compatible!<br />Role Play<br />
  7. 7. Positive Practice<br />A strategy where the teacher has the student perform or redo a behavior appropriately.<br />Examples: having a student re-write a word they misspelled, or having students line-up again for lunch<br />This strategy increases the likelihood that a student will complete the act correctly the next time.<br /> Practice Makes Perfect!<br />
  8. 8. Praise-and-Ignore<br />Praise a child who is near to the misbehaving one but displaying the appropriate behavior.<br />Example: “I like the way Jenny is sitting quietly on the carpet.”<br />Role Play<br />Think of PETE 375 <br />
  9. 9. Satiation<br />The student is asked to perform the misbehavior repeatedly until it is no longer rewarding or enjoyable.<br /> Example: A student who frequently passes notes is told by the teacher that they can now only pass notes<br />Satiate=Gorge (Thanksgiving)<br />
  10. 10. Extinction<br />The behavior ceases or is eliminated. Extinction occurs because reinforcement no longer is given for that behavior.<br />Caution: Extinction Burst<br />Role Play<br />Think of Dinosaurs <br />
  11. 11. Can you identify this strategy?<br /> Maggie is constantly talking while the teacher is giving instructions. The teacher gives her the “stare” but Maggie continues to talk. Once the class begins the assignment, the instructor walks over to Maggie and explains that she needs to listen when the teacher is talking and that it she has her first warning.<br />
  12. 12. Reprimand<br />Verbal criticisms of behavior intended to be positive punishment.<br />Some students will like the attention while others will not like it. The teacher should identify if it is helping or hurting.<br /> Reprimand= Mixture of reproof & demand<br />
  13. 13. Overcorrection<br />Making restitution for inappropriate behavior by making the consequences more severe than the action that had taken place.<br />Example: student puts a piece of gum under the desk and the teacher catches them. They are then asked to clean under all the desks in the classroom.<br />Role Play<br />
  14. 14. Response Cost<br />Teachers attempt to decrease misbehavior by taking away something that the student desires. <br />EX: Not finishing homework or misbehavior during class result in no recess. <br />
  15. 15. Social Isolation<br />“Removing an individual from a setting, where reinforcement is given, to another setting, where reinforcement is denied.” (pg171)<br />Only use “time out” when other strategies have failed. <br />Role Play<br />
  16. 16. Test your knowledge with these clips…<br />Chocolate Cake (satiation)<br />BYU vs New Mexico (response cost)<br />Hair Spray (premack principle)<br />Gilly (repremand)<br />The Golden Fish (shaping)<br />Santa Clause 2 (overcorrection)<br />Comic (time-out)<br />*Answers will not be shown to the class*<br />
  17. 17. Final Assessment<br />
  18. 18. Sources<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />