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Basic Guidelines In Handling Of Cnsp Presentation


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Basic Guidelines In Handling Of Cnsp Presentation

  1. 1. Basic Guidelines in Handling Children in Need of Special Protection - Ms. Josielyn D. Hugo, RSW
  2. 2. What is CNSP? In the Philippines, social workers and other caregivers tend to categorize CNSP into street children, child laborers, abused children and other categories.
  3. 3. The Children in Need of Special Protection are those found in one or several of the following situations: Hazardous and disabling labor conditions These children are exposed to hazards such as heavy workloads, long working hours, deplorable working conditions, exhaustion, stress and boredom. They are often underpaid, and enjoy no benefits. Commercial sex exploitation This refers to children involved in prostitution, pornography and pedophilia.
  4. 4. Physical and sexual abuse / violence at home and in the community, or by the authorities. One major reason why children leave home is physical and/ or sexual abuse/ violence at home. Discrimination, inappropriate and deficient laws and judicial processes and practices for CICL. Various studies presented a general profile for children in conflict with the law CICL: they are usually boys, aged 14 to 17 years old and, charged usually with theft and robbery. Many of them are street children, are members of street gangs and/ or into substance abuse.
  5. 5. Disabilities Ages 0-6 years old, suffers from physical and mental disabilities. These children largely come from poor families who are unable to provide basic needs even to their “normal” children. Armed Conflict Children affected by the conflict often face severe food shortages, lack of clean and potable water, and most live in poor and unsanitary conditions in evacuation centers. Indigenous communities 2.5 million, children from indigenous/ ethnic communities live in economically disadvantaged and environmentally deteriorating remotes areas, where they lack access to basic services and education.
  6. 6. Basic Guidelines in Handling of Children in Need of Special Protection Ensuring Safety - The first thing we do in our interventions is to ensure that the child is physically safe and this usually involves taking the child out of a dangerous situation. - When we think about the issue of a child’s safety it means that we also have to consider the emotional and psychological safety of the child. Establishing Trust - We need to go deeper than rapport. In gaining the trust or tiwala of children, it is important that we let them feel that “we are not other people” or hindi tayo ibang tao.
  7. 7. How do we ESTABLISH TRUST? To be accepted as they are Playing with the children - It is very helpful that we partake in an activity that is important to them, and one such activity is play. Pakikilahok (Participation) Pakikipagkuwentuhan ( talking and telling stories) - Free-flowing and informal, pakikipagkuwentuhan can be an effective strategy in building trust. - Open-mindedness is a most effective tool: Try not to be judgmental if we hear about practices of which we disapprove. We can later offer advice when we have already established a trusting relationship.
  8. 8. Things to consider in ESTABLISHING TRUST: Confidentiality Sincerity - Through non-verbal communication and consistency in behavior, children as much as adults are able to see whether someone is sincere or not, pakikiramdam is put into use. Reliability - Reliability means being prompt for our appointments with children, being present at times they need us, whether for comfort, laughter, or advice. Comfort level In our interactions with children, we should remain conscious of our comfort levels and of those of the children. We cannot force children to play, eat, or share their stories with us if they do not feel comfortable with our presence.
  9. 9. What do you do when the child shares a PAINFUL EXPERIENCE with you? Acknowledgement is enough when a painful story is shared Offer comfort and support A child may relate several or a series of stories that her or she finds painful. Closing discussion needs sensitivity Closure Process what happened. Ask the child about how she felt about sharing her experiences and share what you felt. Talk about what will happen next. End with a simple ritual like a song, a prayer, a hug or a promise that you will be there to help.
  10. 10. Thank You