Cin india-localization sd-workshop


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Cin india-localization sd-workshop

  1. 1. India Localization with respect to SD T.Muthyalappa
  2. 2. Modus Operandi Session - I <ul><li>Introduction to Indian Taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Different Sales processes. </li></ul><ul><li>CENVAT Concept </li></ul><ul><li>CENVAT Rules and Terminologies </li></ul><ul><li>CENVAT and Sales Process. </li></ul><ul><li>Base for the CENVAT Credit. </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>Registers. </li></ul><ul><li>India Localization Configurations in SD. </li></ul><ul><li>Master Data. </li></ul><ul><li>SAP Easy Access settings Relevant For India Localization. </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Hi… Let us Discuss, What are Indian Taxes and how they are differentiated. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Indian tax structure </li></ul><ul><li>It is of Two Types. </li></ul><ul><li>1.Direct Tax. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Indirect Tax . </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Tax – It consists of the Capital tax and Personnel income tax. </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Tax – Indirect tax constitutes Excise duties, Sales Taxes and Service taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Excise duties : </li></ul><ul><li>It must be a duty on the goods; </li></ul><ul><li>The goods must be excisable; </li></ul><ul><li>The goods must be manufactured or produced; </li></ul><ul><li>The manufacture or production has to be within India. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Excise Duties is Mainly based on 4 M’s </li></ul><ul><li>1.It Must be Mentioned in Excise laws. </li></ul><ul><li>2.It Must be Movable. </li></ul><ul><li>3.It must be Manufactured. </li></ul><ul><li>4.It is valuable to Money. </li></ul><ul><li>Excise duty is a duty on production or manufacture of goods. It is a tax levied on manufacture of goods and the liability to pay excise duty arises immediately on manufacture or production of goods </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Once manufacture of goods is complete, excise duty is payable, whether the goods are sold or self-consumed. Excise duty does not depend on the end use of the goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Duty is a tax on manufacture of goods but for the sake of administrative convenience, it is collected only on removable of goods from the factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Tax : </li></ul><ul><li>Sales Tax is a tax on Sales and can be imposed only when there is a Sale. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Difference between Excise duty and Sales Tax. </li></ul><ul><li>Central Excise Duty has to be distinguished from Sales Tax. Sales Tax is a tax on Sales and can be imposed only when there is a Sale. On the other hand, Excise Duty is a duty on the manufacture of the goods. So, duty can be imposed immediately after goods are manufactured. Whether these goods are sold are not is immaterial. For example: If a Company manufactures soap within the factory for its own use, there will be no sales tax on the soap. However, the soap will be liable to pay excise duty as it has been manufactured. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Types of excise duties </li></ul><ul><li>Under the excise laws, the following are the various types of duties, which are levied: </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Excise duty : Excise duty that is levied at the time of the Goods removal, either it is for sales or for own consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Excise Duty : Excise duty that is Levied to protect the local industries. This is varies depending on the products. </li></ul><ul><li>Special Excise duties :Excise duty that is levied in order control the competition between the states, for example, one state may give more subsidies in order to attract the investments or to encourage the industries of that state. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Additional Duty on specified items under the Act : If the Tariff Commission set up by law recommends that in order to protect the interests of industry, the Central Government may levy additional duties at the rate recommended on specified goods. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Different Sales Process <ul><li>1.Sales From Factory. </li></ul><ul><li>Stock transfers. </li></ul><ul><li>2.Sales From Depot. </li></ul><ul><li>Scrap Sales. </li></ul><ul><li>Auction Sales especially for Scrap. </li></ul><ul><li>Job works. </li></ul><ul><li>Exports. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sales From Factories. <ul><li>In the Process of Manufacturing the Factory uses two kinds of materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Input Material : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is defined as the one which loses its own identity in the finished product. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capital Goods: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is defined as the one which does NOT lose its’ own identity in the finished goods. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Sales from Factory Supplying Plant Dispatch Excise Invoice J1IIN Add up to Excise Duty Payable A/c J1IEX Capture EI
  13. 13. Stock transfers. <ul><li>In Stock transfers we will transfer the Materials from Plant to plant and Plant to Stock yards. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually in the stock transfers we create the excise invoice while the goods is moving from plant to Stock yard. </li></ul><ul><li>From stockyard to customer usually we are not going to create the Excise invoice, because stock which is coming in to the Stock is not an input, it is just a transfer from one place to other. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no price escalations here. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Depot process <ul><li>Depot is also almost same as Stock yards, and here also we are transferring goods from Plant to Depot, but the difference is in Depots, are Price escalations. In Depots goods is coming as input. </li></ul><ul><li>Transactions can happen through two scenarios: </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario1: Depot receives goods from the company’s factory through stock transfer. </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario 2: Depot procures goods directly from external sources. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Depot Process: <ul><li>For Doing Goods Receipt: </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario 1: Stock Transfer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step1: Do GR (Transaction code:MB01) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2: Excise Invoice Capture at Depot (Transaction Code: J1IG) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scenario 2: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1: Do GR (Transaction Code: MIGO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2: Excise Invoice Capture at Depot (Transaction Code: J1IG) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At the time of Sale: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sales Order  Delivery  J1IJ (always requires a delivery number)  PGI  Billing </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Sales From Depot Depot Dispatch Excise Invoice Add up to the Excise Duty Payable A/c Reduce the Quantity MIGO J1IG J1IJ Plant ME21N J1IIN
  17. 17. Export Process <ul><li>In the process of Exports duty under bond is not payable and the </li></ul><ul><li>goods move out from the factory against an ARE1. </li></ul><ul><li>However, goods not under bond move out of the factory by paying the </li></ul><ul><li>duty and refund is separately claimed on showing proof of export I.e. </li></ul><ul><li>shipping bill. </li></ul><ul><li>In case of Deemed Exports, the same procedure is followed as in </li></ul><ul><li>exports, However, the form used is ARE3. </li></ul>
  18. 18. What is CENVAT…!? <ul><ul><ul><li>Commonly used word, when ever discussing on Indian Tax. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CENVAT : Amount that is paid on the value that is added at that time of sale to the government. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For Ex. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. CENVAT Credit RM-A RM-B FG-C Rs.100 ED: Rs.10 Rs.50 ED: Rs.5 Input Tax credit availed: Rs.15 Rs.500 ED:Rs.50 Tax liability: OTL – CENVAT credit Rs.35: Rs.50 – Rs 15
  20. 20. … CENVAT…!? <ul><li>WHEN AND HOW MUCH CREDIT CAN BE TAKEN </li></ul><ul><li>The Cenvat Credit in respect of inputs may be taken immediately on receipt of the inputs. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cenvat credit in respect of Capital Goods received in a factory at any point of time in a given financial year shall be taken only for an amount not exceeding fifty percent of the duty paid on such capital goods in the same financial year and the balance of Cenvat Credit may be taken in any subsequent financial year. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cenvat credit shall be allowed even if any inputs or capital goods as such or after being partially processed are sent to a job worker for further processing, testing, repair etc. and it is established from the records that the goods are received back in the factory within180 days of their being sent to a job worker. </li></ul><ul><li>Where any inputs are used in the final products which are cleared for export, the Cenvat Credit in respect of the inputs so used shall be allowed to be utilized towards payment of duty on any final product cleared for home consumption and where for any reason such adjustment is not possible, the manufacture shall be allowed refund of such amount. </li></ul>
  21. 21. … CENVAT <ul><li>Rule 1. Short title, extent and commencement.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule  2. Definitions .- </li></ul><ul><li> “ Act” “capital goods” “Customs Tariff Act” “exempted goods” “final products” “first stage dealer” an importer “input” “manufacturer” or “producer” </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 3. CENVAT credit.-  </li></ul><ul><li>Rule   4. Conditions for allowing CENVAT credit.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule   5. Refund of CENVAT credit.-    </li></ul><ul><li>Rule   6. Obligation of manufacturer of dutiable and exempted goods.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule   7. Documents and accounts.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 8.   Transfer of CENVAT credit.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 9. Transitional provision </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 10. Special dispensation in respect of inputs manufactured in factories located in specified areas of North East region and Kutch district of Gujarat.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 11. Power of Central Government to notify goods for deemed CENVAT credit.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 12. Recovery of CENVAT credit wrongly taken.-  </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 13. Confiscation and penalty.- </li></ul><ul><li>Rule 14. Supplementary provision </li></ul>
  22. 22. CENVAT <ul><li>So far… </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Indian Tax Structure. </li></ul><ul><li>What is Excise Duty and Types of Excise duties? </li></ul><ul><li>What are CENVAT Rules? </li></ul><ul><li>What is CENVAT credit? </li></ul><ul><li>How and when CENVAT is availed? </li></ul>
  23. 23. Tax procedures and Registers. <ul><li>How we are going for the CENVAT credit in SAP and What is the Base for IT. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer is Tax procedures and Excise registers. </li></ul><ul><li>What are these. </li></ul><ul><li>Now we will going to discuss on Tax Procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>SAP provides following std. tax procedure for country India </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formula based tax procedure TAXINJ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Condition based tax procedure TAXINN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently From 4.7 we are using TAXINN. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settings needed in SAP for TAXINN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First we need to Maintain TAXINN procedure as shown in the slide. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Menu path – SPRO – Logistic General – Tax on goods on movement – India – Basic Settings – Determination of Excise duty – Maintain Excise defaults. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Then we need to assign the Tax procedure TAXINN to county India As shown below. </li></ul><ul><li>Menu path – SPRO – Logistic General – Tax on goods on movement – India – Basic Settings – Determination of Excise duty – Select Tax Calculation Procedure. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Sales and Distribution Pricing procedure.
  27. 30. <ul><li>What is Excise register and how many are they. </li></ul><ul><li>How the Excise registers are using at Different Business Scenarios and How hese are updating. </li></ul><ul><li>Excise register. </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Laws require you to maintain a number of registers in a specified format relating to excise duty. They have to be printed out monthly and shown to the authorities in the event of an audit. The SAP captures this requirement. </li></ul><ul><li>Type of Registers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RG23A PART I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RG23A PART II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RG23C PART I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RG23C PART II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RG I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RG23D </li></ul></ul>
  28. 31. Excise registers. <ul><li>RG23A: Raw Material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The entries pertaining to quantity will go into RG 23 Part I and that of duty will go into Part II in the appropriate duty column. i.e. Basic Excise, SED, Additional duty, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RG23C: Capital Goods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RG23CI-Part I entry: Excise stock entry at the time of GR (only quantity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RG23CII-Part II entry: Credit entry of Capital goods (only value) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RG-I : Finished Goods (only Quantity) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The finished goods (manufactured, sub-contracted or gained) and sales or stock transfer are entered in the RG I Register </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Register RG I is updated after creation of an excise invoice while dispatching the goods from the factory premises with reference a commercial invoice or a pro-forma invoice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RG23D: Depot (this indicates both the Quantity and the amount) </li></ul>
  29. 32. Factory Process- Registers <ul><li>RG23 A – Part I & Part II </li></ul><ul><li>Material is received in the factory as “for Quality </li></ul><ul><li>inspection” or “for Direct Input”. </li></ul><ul><li>Material after “Quality Inspection” or when used as </li></ul><ul><li>“ Direct Input” will go into the RG 23 A Registers. </li></ul><ul><li>The entries pertaining to quantity will go into RG 23 </li></ul><ul><li>Part I and that of duty will go into Part II in the </li></ul><ul><li>appropriate duty column. i.e. Basic Excise, SED, </li></ul><ul><li>Additional duty, etc. </li></ul>
  30. 33. Depot Process: <ul><li>The RG 23 D register is used to update the excise entries in case of </li></ul><ul><li>Exciseable Depots. </li></ul><ul><li>The Excise duty is payable when the goods are sent from the factory. </li></ul><ul><li>However, it is not levied again when the goods are sent from the </li></ul><ul><li>DEPOT. </li></ul><ul><li>However, while taking sale from the DEPOT and if price escalations </li></ul><ul><li>happen, then the extra excise is paid using a A certificate. These </li></ul><ul><li>details are entered in the RG23 D register and excise recovered from </li></ul><ul><li>the customer. </li></ul>
  31. 34. Depot Process <ul><li>Transactions can happen through two scenarios: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scenario1: Depot receives goods from the company’s factory through stock transfer. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scenario 2: Depot procures goods directly from external sources. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 35. Transaction Codes relevant For Registers. <ul><li>Activity SAP Transactions </li></ul><ul><li>Register Updates J1I5 </li></ul><ul><li>RG23 A (Part I & II and RG I) </li></ul><ul><li>Register Extraction J2I5 </li></ul><ul><li>Register Printing J2I6 </li></ul><ul><li>Utilization J2IU </li></ul>
  33. 36. So Far We discussed on <ul><li>Tax Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing Procedure Relevant to SD. </li></ul><ul><li>CENAVT registers </li></ul><ul><li>Transaction Codes. </li></ul>
  34. 37. Tax/Excise Duty set up for MM & SD <ul><li>Basic Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Master Data </li></ul><ul><li>Account Determination </li></ul><ul><li>Business Transactions </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul>
  35. 38. Basic Settings <ul><li>Excise Registration ID’s </li></ul><ul><li>Company Code Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Settings </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Series Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Duty Indicators </li></ul>
  36. 39. Excise Registration ID’s A number assigned to each premises or location that has registered as a manufacturer with the excise authorities. Mention whether AED, SED, CESS applicable. If blank will not be available for inputs Max no. of line items in outgoing EI Permits deductible / non deductible ED at GR
  37. 40. Company Code Settings User can edit Dr account during JV Utilizes from PLA in JV First month for excise year Excise invoice selection
  38. 41. Plant Settings Plant defined as Depot or not Multiple plants to one Excise Registration ID GRs per EI can be set as below Multi GR – Multi Credit Multi GR – Single credit Single GR
  39. 42. Excise Groups Excise Reg ID linked to Excise group & Plant Depot definition at Excise Grp & Plant
  40. 43. Series Groups
  41. 44. Excise Tax Indicators
  42. 45. Account Determination Describe which excise accounts (for excise duty and CENVAT) are to be posted to for the various transaction types including sub transaction type if any
  43. 46. During transactions system determines which G/L accounts to post to by looking at the: Excise group, Company code & Chart of accounts
  44. 47. SD settings Relevant to India Localization. <ul><li>Assigning Billing types to Delivery Types. </li></ul>
  45. 48. Maintain Excise Defaults. <ul><li>Maintain the Excise Defaults in order determine Excise group and Series Group Automatically at the time of Excise invoice creation. </li></ul>
  46. 49. Maintain Utilization Determination.
  47. 50. Maintain Scripts for Registers. <ul><li>Maintain the Excise registers Form along with company code to get the Print out put for Excise Registers. </li></ul>
  48. 51. CIN – Master - J1ID <ul><li>Maintain Chapter ID’s </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Duty Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Determination of Excise Duty </li></ul><ul><li>Material and Chapter ID Combination </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Excise Details </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Indicator for plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Indicator for Plant and Customer. </li></ul>
  49. 52. J1ID Screen.
  50. 53. Excise rate Determination Is the Customer SSI? Get SSI duty Rates. Yes No Excp rates Maintained? Yes No Get Excep duty rates Get Ch ID Of the material Get Customer Excise indicator Get plant Excise indicator Get final Excise indicator Get rate Based on Ex Ind & CH ID
  51. 54. <ul><li>Let us Discuss on Sap Easy Access relevant to India Localization. </li></ul><ul><li>1.Creation Excise Invoice. </li></ul><ul><li>Updating the Registers. </li></ul><ul><li>Extracting Registers. </li></ul><ul><li>Print registers. </li></ul><ul><li>Utilization determination. </li></ul><ul><li>Pass JV by using J1IH. </li></ul>
  52. 55. Creation Of Excise invoice <ul><li>We will create the Excise invoice with reference to Commercial invoice it may be Proforma or Normal invoice. </li></ul>
  53. 57. Register Updation By using J1I5. <ul><li>First We need to update the RG1 register by selecting the class RMA and ROP. </li></ul>
  54. 59. Once u complete the RG1 updation with RMA and ROP we need to do for IDH for ISSUES
  55. 60. Then continue the next step as shown in Slide 55. it gives the following result.
  56. 61. Extract the Excise registers. We need select the RG1 in the initial screen and execute.
  57. 62. System give the following screen.Click on continue.
  58. 63. Print the Excise register. <ul><li>To do this First we need to maintain the Values in table J_2IRG1BAL as follows. </li></ul>
  59. 64. Too print Excise registers use T.C. J2I6, System gives the all details of RG1 Register.
  60. 65. CENVAT Utilization Payment to be made to Excise Department for the Self –Removals for the last month. Utilization to be done against the last month’s incoming excise duties and CVD. CENVAT utilization to be done before the 5 th of next month.
  61. 66. CENVAT Availment and Utilization On-Line Transactions Fortnightly Transactions Credit CENVAT on-hold A/c Credit CENVAT A/c Debit ED Payable A/C Debit CENVAT A/c Debit PLA A/c Credit PLA A/c Credit ED Payable A/C Excise Duty Utilization Transaction Despatch Sales Excise Invoice Process Excise Duty Payable Account Goods Receipt Vendor Excise Invoice Process CENVAT on hold for Capital goods CENVAT Account Select Register PLA Account Deposit funds in PLA Account
  62. 67. Do Fortnight Utilization of cenvat.
  63. 69. Pass JV by using J1iH, Use of JV is to adjust amount in RG23A and RG23C <ul><li>In JV we use other adjustments to Debit the amount from the Registers. </li></ul>
  64. 72. Additional excise is used to Credit the Registers through J1IH.
  65. 73. Important Things to Know Determination of Excise Rate in Sales and Distribution Information on Tax Procedure and Conditions FI Entries related to Excise taking place in SD
  66. 74. Determination of ED Rate in Sales and Distribution <ul><li>Settings for the same done through Transaction Code J1ID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Material: Material Chapter ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Excise Details: Excise Indicator for Customer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant Excise Details: Excise Indicator for Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excise Indicator Customer + Excise Indicator Plant = Excise Indicator Final </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Material Chapter ID + Excise Indicator Final = Excise Tax Rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer Slide No.27 </li></ul></ul>
  67. 75. FI Entries related to Excise in SD During the passing of Billing document to Accounting: (VF02, Release to Accounting) Dr Customer Rs. 125/- Cr Sale Rs. 100/- Cr Excise Duty Recoverable Rs. 16/- Cr Taxes Rs.9/- During creation of Excise Invoice: (J1IIN) Dr Excise Duty Recoverable Rs.16/- Cr Excise Duty Payable Rs.16/- During Monthly Utilization: (J2IU) Dr Excise Duty Payable Rs. 16/- Cr CENVAT Clearing Rs.16/-
  68. 76. Information on Tax Procedure and Conditions <ul><li>Menu Path: </li></ul><ul><li>SPRO  Financial Accounting  Financial Accounting Global Settings  Tax on Sale and Purchase  Define Procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Procedure: TAXINJ </li></ul><ul><li>The various Condition types applicable in SD are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excise Conditions: JMOD, JSED, JAED , JCES, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax Conditions:JIN1, JIN2,etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Note: </li></ul><ul><li>Excise Conditions are statistical. Since, these are determined from SD pricing procedure </li></ul><ul><li>Tax conditions are non-statistical. Since, these are determined from TAXINJ </li></ul><ul><li>While defining tax codes (using Transaction Code: FTXP), to maintain Excise Duty (JMOD) as a changeable field, remove statistical check and maintain 100% for JMOD. After the changes are made, one has to again put the statistical checks in procedure TAXINJ </li></ul>
  69. 77. Lets Clarify our Doubts…