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Factories act 1948


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Factories act 1948

  1. 1. Industrial Disputes Act 1947
  2. 2. DEFINITION “The industrial disputes may be said to be disagreement or controversy between management and labor with respect to wages, working conditions, other employment matters or union recognition.”
  3. 3. •Promotions of measures of securing , preserving industrial harmony. •Settlement of disputes between: Employer- Workman Employer- Employer Workman- Workman •Prevention of illegal- strike, Lockout. OBJECTIVES
  4. 4. Economical causes Economic causes include questions pertaining to wages, bonus and allowances, retrenchment of workmen by the employer, faulty retrenchment system, leave and so on.
  5. 5. Managerial causes (1) Workers do not get any opportunity for self-expression; (2) Their social needs are not fulfilled; (3)Lack of communication between the workers and management.
  6. 6. Political cause Some political strikes organized by industrial workers .
  7. 7. •Disturb the economic, social and political life of a country •Loss of Output •Decline in the demand for goods and Services •Lasting loss to the workers •Increase in indebtedness •Loss of health of family members •Problem to consumers •Loss to the management/employer •Bad effect on labor relations EFFECTS
  8. 8. Interest dispute: arising out of deadlocks in negotiation for collective bargaining. Recognition disputes: represents class or category of workers. Unfair labor practices: those arising out of right to organize, acts of violence ,failure to implement in award, illegal strikes and lockouts. Grievance dispute: may pertain to discipline ,wage, working time, promotion, rights of supervisors etc,also sometimes called interpretation disputes. TYPES OF ID’s
  9. 9. The three methods for settlement of industrial disputes are as follows: Conciliation Arbitration . Adjudication.
  10. 10. Conciliation
  11. 11. ADVANTAGES Flexible, encourages parties to find common interests and WIN WIN solution.
  12. 12. Arbitration
  13. 13. In India, there are two types of arbitration: Voluntary In voluntary arbitration both the conflicting parties appoint a neutral third party as arbitrator. Compulsory. In compulsory arbitration, the government can force the disputing parties to go for compulsory arbitration.
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES Confidentially, legally enforceable, quicker than alternatives.
  15. 15. Adjudication
  16. 16. Structured process, Subject to review, Finality and enforceability. ADVANTAGES
  17. 17. THANK YOU