“The industrial disputes may be said to be
disagreement or controversy between
management and labor with respect to
wages, working conditions, other employment
matters or union recognition.”
•Promotions of measures of securing , preserving
•Settlement of disputes between:
•Prevention of illegal- strike, Lockout.
Economic causes include questions
pertaining to wages, bonus and allowances,
retrenchment of workmen by the employer, faulty
retrenchment system, leave and so on.
(1) Workers do not get any opportunity for
(2) Their social needs are not fulfilled;
(3)Lack of communication between the workers and
Some political strikes organized
by industrial workers .
•Disturb the economic, social and political life of a country
•Loss of Output
•Decline in the demand for goods and Services
•Lasting loss to the workers
•Increase in indebtedness
•Loss of health of family members
•Problem to consumers
•Loss to the management/employer
•Bad effect on labor relations
Interest dispute: arising
out of deadlocks in
negotiation for collective
represents class or
category of workers.
Unfair labor practices:
those arising out of right
to organize, acts of
violence ,failure to
implement in award,
illegal strikes and
Grievance dispute: may
pertain to discipline ,wage,
working time, promotion,
rights of supervisors
etc,also sometimes called
TYPES OF ID’s
The three methods for settlement of industrial
disputes are as follows:
In India, there are two types of arbitration:
In voluntary arbitration both the conflicting parties appoint a
neutral third party as arbitrator.
In compulsory arbitration, the government can force the disputing
parties to go for compulsory arbitration.
Confidentially, legally enforceable,
quicker than alternatives.