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  1. 1. ISS Space technology for Human Population By : Bharath Kumar MV Jyotsna Krishnaswamy Sriram Krishnan Praveen AP Instructor : Prof. Melvin
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Research on ISS </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Trend and Future </li></ul>
  3. 3. Life on Space <ul><li>The International Space Station (ISS) is a research facility being assembled in space. </li></ul><ul><li>Its on-orbit assembly began in 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>The space station is in a low Earth Orbit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be seen from Earth with the naked eye. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A joint project among the space agencies of the United States (NASA), Russian (RKA), Japan (JAXA), Canada (CSA) and 11 European countries (ESA) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Life on Space
  5. 5. Life on Space…with Microbes <ul><li>Wherever humans go microbes will surely follow, and the Space Station is no exception - November 6, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Microbes were the first inhabitants of the Space Station: virus, bacteria, and fungi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pose threat to the station crew, and attack materials and hardware of the attack. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They were carried there on ISS hardware and by the assembly crews. </li></ul><ul><li>Protection: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test each crewmate for infection before launch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microbes must also be kept from growing on surfaces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a healthy crew going up there. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Life on Space ..Research Work <ul><li>Protein crystal studies </li></ul><ul><li>Tissue culture </li></ul><ul><li>Life in low gravity </li></ul><ul><li>Flames, fluids and metal in space </li></ul><ul><li>The nature of space </li></ul><ul><li>Watching the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialization </li></ul>
  7. 7. Life on Sapce..Interesting Facts <ul><li>The Space Station is the largest manned object with 43,000 cubic feet of living and working space. </li></ul><ul><li>70 separate major components and hundreds of minor ones, all of which will be assembled for the first time in space. </li></ul><ul><li>Assembling the Space Station will require at least 45 launches and over 1,705 hours of space walks. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Humans need a little less sleep in space because our bodies do very little work in a microgravity environment. </li></ul><ul><li>The human body tends to lose muscle and bone mass rapidly in space. To fight this loss, at least two hours of strenuous exercise is built into every astronaut's daily schedule. </li></ul><ul><li>The Space Station is the most expensive single object ever built. The United States' participation has been estimated at $96 billion - a figure that nearly equals the combined cost of all of the Apollo missions to the moon. </li></ul>Life on Space..Human Body
  9. 9. Life on Space..Water <ul><li>The vapors expelled from the crew’s sweat are condensed and recycled by MSFC - Marshall Space Flight Center. </li></ul><ul><li>A full complement of 72 rats would equal about one human in terms of water reclamation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Life on Space..Breathing <ul><li>Life support systems on the ISS provide oxygen, absorb carbon dioxide, and manage vaporous emissions from the astronauts themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Making oxygen from water from a process called &quot;electrolysis,&quot; which uses electricity from the ISS solar panels to split water into hydrogen gas and oxygen gas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Life on Space..Timeline
  12. 12. Life on Space..Metrics
  13. 13. Life on Space.. Metrics
  14. 14. Life on Space..References <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>h ttp:// </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  15. 15. Questions?
  16. 16. Thanks!