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Mobile Application Testing

This Presentation gives you Basic Terms and knowledge/Awareness about the Mobile Application Testing

1 of 25
By
Ramakrishna
Madhusmita
   What is Mobile Application Testing
   Types of Mobile Applications
   Different Mobile Platforms
   How to Test Mobile Application ?
   Challenges
   How to overcome ?
What is Mobile Application Testing?

   Mobile application testing is a process by which application software developed for
    hand held mobile devices is tested for its functionality, usability and consistency.
   It is similar to software testing but the testing will be performed on a mobile device
    instead of performing on a system.
   Mobile applications either come pre-installed or can be installed from mobile software
    distribution platforms.


Types of Mobile Applications :

   Web Application
   Native Application
   Hybrid Application
Web Application:
  A web application is an application that is accessed by users over a network such as
   the Internet or an intranet.
 Web applications are generalized for multiple platforms and not installed locally but
   made available over the Internet through a browser.
 E.g.: Online Banking Services
 Web Apps can be written in HTML, CSS and JavaScript.



Advantages:
 You can use simple HTML, CSS and JS for most of the mobile platforms.

 You can maintain and fix bugs in real time.



Disadvantages:
 You cannot sell your app.

 For selling from your app you have implement your own checkout system.
Native Application:
   Native applications are developed for a specific platform and installed on a
    computing device.
E.g.: Camera+ for iOS and Keepassdroid for Android.
   A native mobile app is a smartphone application that is coded in a specific
    programming language, such as Objective C for iOS and Java for Android
    operating systems.

Advantages:
 Native mobile apps provide fast performance and a high degree of reliability.

 Users can use some apps without an Internet connection.

E.g.: video games


Disadvantages:
This type of app is expensive to develop because it is tied to one type of operating
system, forcing the company that creates the app to make duplicate versions that work
on other platforms.
Hybrid Application:
   A hybrid application (hybrid app) is one that combines elements of both native and
    Web applications
   Hybrid apps are web apps built into a native mobile framework
 Hybrid apps run in web view. So you can download and install hybrid apps.
Eg: Facebook, LinkedIn

Hybrid application features:
 Can function whether or not the device is connected to Internet

 Integration with a device’s file system.

 Integration with Web-based services.

 An embedded browser to improve access to dynamic online content.

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Mobile Application Testing

  • 2. What is Mobile Application Testing  Types of Mobile Applications  Different Mobile Platforms  How to Test Mobile Application ?  Challenges  How to overcome ?
  • 3. What is Mobile Application Testing?  Mobile application testing is a process by which application software developed for hand held mobile devices is tested for its functionality, usability and consistency.  It is similar to software testing but the testing will be performed on a mobile device instead of performing on a system.  Mobile applications either come pre-installed or can be installed from mobile software distribution platforms. Types of Mobile Applications :  Web Application  Native Application  Hybrid Application
  • 4. Web Application:  A web application is an application that is accessed by users over a network such as the Internet or an intranet.  Web applications are generalized for multiple platforms and not installed locally but made available over the Internet through a browser. E.g.: Online Banking Services  Web Apps can be written in HTML, CSS and JavaScript. Advantages:  You can use simple HTML, CSS and JS for most of the mobile platforms.  You can maintain and fix bugs in real time. Disadvantages:  You cannot sell your app.  For selling from your app you have implement your own checkout system.
  • 5. Native Application:  Native applications are developed for a specific platform and installed on a computing device. E.g.: Camera+ for iOS and Keepassdroid for Android.  A native mobile app is a smartphone application that is coded in a specific programming language, such as Objective C for iOS and Java for Android operating systems. Advantages:  Native mobile apps provide fast performance and a high degree of reliability.  Users can use some apps without an Internet connection. E.g.: video games Disadvantages: This type of app is expensive to develop because it is tied to one type of operating system, forcing the company that creates the app to make duplicate versions that work on other platforms.
  • 6. Hybrid Application:  A hybrid application (hybrid app) is one that combines elements of both native and Web applications  Hybrid apps are web apps built into a native mobile framework  Hybrid apps run in web view. So you can download and install hybrid apps. Eg: Facebook, LinkedIn Hybrid application features:  Can function whether or not the device is connected to Internet  Integration with a device’s file system.  Integration with Web-based services.  An embedded browser to improve access to dynamic online content.
  • 7. Types of Applications in Mobile: 1. Web Based Applications 2. Pre-Installed Applications 3. Installable Applications 1. Web Based Applications  Web Based Applications are built for mobile browsers  Can be accessed by entering the specific url in mobile browser  No installation/un-Installations are required  No upgraded involved  User entered values can’t be stored in the device database locally, until user allows storing information in Cache. 2. Pre-installed Applications  Applications which are shipped as in built software with the mobile device  No Downloads involved  No installation /Un-installation involved  Automatic upgrades can be done but it is software specific  They cannot be uninstalled /deleted over  Crashes can cause severe damage to ROM
  • 8. 3. Installable Applications  Can be upgraded  Can be installed/Un-installed from the device  Can be downloaded from AppStore or OTA (over the air) the URL which leads to download of the application
  • 9. Android  IOS (IPhone)  Symbian(Nokia)  J2ME  RIM (Blackberry)  BREW(CDMA-Qualcomm)  Windows Mobile or WinCe  Bada (Samsung)  Meego(Nokia – Linux based)
  • 10. Android 1.5 (Cupcake)  Android 1.6 (Donut)  Android 2.1 (Eclair)  Android 2.2 (Froyo)  Android 2.3 (Gingerbread)  Android 3.X (Honeycomb)  Android 4.0X (Ice Cream Sandwich)  Android 4.2 (Jelly Bean) Android Menu Screen
  • 11. iOS(iphone Operating System) is an operating system used in iphones, ipads and ipods. List of iphone operating systems:  ios1  ios2  ios3  ios4  ios5  ios6 List of IPhone devices:  iphone 2G  iphone 3G  iphone 3GS  iphone 4  iphone 4S  iphone 5
  • 12. iPad is primarily as a platform for audio-visual media including books, periodicals, movies, music, games, apps and web content. Its size and weight fall between those of contemporary smartphones and laptop computers. The iPad runs on iOS, the same operating system used on Apple's iPad Touch and iPhone.  List of ipads:  ipad  ipad2  ipad3  ipad mini
  • 13. Candy bar phones  Touch Screen phones  Slider phones  Clamshell devices(flip phones)  Phones with QWERTY keyboard Qwerty Keyboard  Phones with AZERTY keyboard Azerty Keyboard
  • 14. People getting more mobile  Lot of phones truly smarter  Faster networks  More Apps, Features & Usages  Increasing Mobile Market
  • 15. Installation: Verify that application can be Installed Successfully. Types of installation 1. OTA(Over The Air)- Need GPRS sim card and internet connection. 2. Wi-Fi 3. Data cable 4. Bluetooth Uninstallation: Verify that application can be uninstalled successfully. Application Logo: Verify that application logo with Application Name is present in application manager and user can select it. Splash: Verify that when user selects application logo in application manager splash is displayed. Note: Splash do not remain for more than 3 seconds.
  • 16. Low Memory: Verify that application displays proper error message when device memory is low and exits gracefully from the situation. Clear Key: Verify that clear key should navigate the user to previous screen. Visual Feedback: Verify that there is visual feedback when response to any action takes more than 3 seconds. E.g.: Spinner Continual Keypad Entry: Verify that continual key pad entry do not cause any problem.
  • 17. Features to be checked while testing application using touch screen device:  Touch functionality  Touch Response  Touch Area Exit Application: Verify that user is able to exit from application with every form of exit modes like Flip, Slider, End Key or Exit option in application and from any point. Application Start/ Restart: 1. Find the application icon and select it. 2. “Press a button” on the device to launch the app. Observe the application launch In the timeline defined. 3. Application must not take more than 25s to start. Application Side Effects: Make sure that your application is not causing other applications of device to hamper.
  • 20. Scenarios:  If the device is tilted from portrait mode to landscape mode and vice versa, the screen should self adjust as per the device resolution(condition: if the application supports both landscape and portrait modes)  If the device is tilted from portrait mode to landscape mode, the screen should display an error message asking the user to switch the device back to landscape mode or the screen resolution should not change (condition: if the application supports only portrait mode)  If the device is tilted from landscape mode to portrait mode, the screen should display an error message asking the user to switch the device back to portrait mode or the screen resolution should not change (condition: if the application supports only landscape mode)
  • 21. 1. Testing in Network strengths like Low, Medium, High 2. Testing in Change of Network strength from low to high and high to low 3. Testing in various Battery Strengths like Critical, Low , High and During charging 4. Monitoring Battery Consumption pattern while running the application in foreground, Background and for long time 5. Interruptions: Activities which can occur parallel with in the device while application is being installed, launched, run, exit, uninstalled. 6. Examples of Interruptions like Receiving Incoming call, Lose Network connectivity and regain it, Activated Camera, Remove Battery, Shutdown the device. 7. Testing with different input modes in different platforms
  • 22. Lack of physical devices  Time pressure  Lack of test plans, Validation issues  Diversity in Platforms and different OS currently present in the market such as Android, I-phone etc. How to Overcome ?  Mobile Device Emulators  Browser Add-ons: Chrome- Ripple, FF-Modify-Headers, FF-User Agent Switchers A Testing Process:  Test the site in a desktop browser first to ensure functionality behaves as expected.  Once the site is functionally complete, test using some device emulators.  When the site is working correctly across all emulators, begin testing on real handsets.
  • 23. A virtual mobile device that runs on computer which lets you develop and test Android applications without using a physical device. Types of Mobile Device Emulators:  Android Emulator  Blackberry Emulator  Firefox Mobile Emulator  LG Emulator  Microsoft Devices Emulator  Motorola Emulator  Nokia Emulator  Opera Mini Emulator
  • 24. Automation tools for mobile applications:  TestComplete  M-Eux  TestQuest Countdown  Test Quest Pro  Robotium  VNC  Sikuli  FoneMonkey (iPhone)  Eggplant (iPhone)  TestiPhone (For iPhone Mobile Web)