Ancient and Medieval History Maps
Global
Ancient Civilizations 3500 B.C.E.-1700 B.C.E.
Remains of Prehistoric Peoples This map shows the locations where scientists have found the earliest fossils and other rem...
Ancient and Medieval Exploration Routes
World Map 300 C.E.-1500C.E.
World known by Europeans in 1300
Language Regions-Eastern Hem.
Language Regions: Eastern Hemisphere
Seven Wonders Ancient World This map shows the locations of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The  Pyramids of Giza ...
Map of world wealth today
Europe
Aegean Civilizations
Ancient Greece
Ancient Greek City-States
Ancient Greek Alliances
Voyage of the Argonauts
Eturia This map shows the location of Etruria, the home of the Etruscans. Etruria extended from the Arno River in the nort...
Sparta 500 B.C.E.
Troy
Macedonia: Home of Alexander
Alexander’s Empire
Empire of Alexander the Great
Ancient Rome
Rome takes Italy B.C.E. 272
Roman Empire under Augustus
Division of the Roman Empire 100 C.E. At its peak, in the A.D. 100's, the Roman Empire covered about half of Europe, ...
Roman Britain
Roman Empire 117 C.E.
Appian Way
Growth of the Roman Empire
Journey of St. Paul
Anglo-Saxons The seafaring Jutes, Angles, and Saxons who invaded Britain in the mid-400's became known as Anglo-Saxon...
Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms
Empire of Attila the Hun 450s C.E.
Byzantine Empire around 500 C.E.
Kingdom of the Franks 768 C.E.
Byzantine Empire 876-1057 C.E.
Europe c. 1000 C.E.
Italy 1200 C.E.
Byzantine Empire around 1300 C.E.
Empire of Charlemagne
First and Third Crusades This map shows the routes taken by some of the major European armies during the First and Third c...
Holy Roman Empire c. 1250 C.E.
Exploration by the Vikings
Capetian France
Marco Polo’s Routes The map is hyperlinked to the map’s web site.  Click it while running the slide show to see Magellan’s...
Ottoman Empire
The Americas
Land of the Maya
Aztec Empire
Aztec Controlled Area
Indians: Andes Cultural Area This map shows where the American Indians of the Andes cultural area lived. The Andean Indian...
Incan Empire
Indians: Caribbean This map shows where the American Indians of the Caribbean cultural area lived. The area includes the s...
Portugal’s Empire
Trade Winds
Native American Cultural Regions
Indians: California This map shows where the American Indians of the California cultural area lived. The area includes muc...
Indians: Great Basin
Indians: Middle Americas
Indians: Northeast
Indians: Northwest
Indians: Plains
Indians: Plateau
Indians: South America
Indians: Southeast
Indians: Southwest
Indians: Subarctic
Inuit Lands
Indians: Tropical Forest
Indians: Arctic Area
The Maya
Asia
Cradles of Civilization
Indus Valley Civilization This map shows the location of the Indus Valley civilization, which flourished from about 2500 B...
Shang Dynasty China 1700 – 1100 B.C.E.
Asian Empires 300 B.C.E.-200B.C.E.
Qin Dynasty 221 B.C.E.
Asian Empires 100 C.E.- 300 C.E.
Mauryan Empire c. 300 B.C.E. This map shows the location of the Mauryan Empire, the first empire to unite almost all of In...
Gupta Empire 320 C.E.- 500C.E.
Mughal Empire 1600 C.E.
Korea-Three Kingdoms Period(100) B.C.E.
Han Empire 100 C.E.
Indochina Peninsula 300 C.E.
Asian Empires 700 C.E.
Tang Empire This map shows the land ruled by the Tan emperors from their capital at Chang'an. The Tang Empire reached...
Empire of Genghis Khan 1227 C.E.
Mongol Empire 1200s C.E.
Mongol Empire
Empire of Kublai Khan
Yuan Dynasty 1279-1368 C.E.
Marco Polo’s Routes The map is hyperlinked to the map’s web site.  Click it while running the slide show to see Magellan’s...
Silk Road
Asia Minor
Asian Empires 1500 C. E.-1700 C. E.
Africa
Ancient Egypt
Carthage
Kingdom of Kush
Nubia
Kingdom of Aksum 300 C.E.
Ghana Empire around 1050 C.E.
Fatimid Empire
Kingdom of Mali 1337 C.E.
Africa in the 1400s
Ottoman Empire
Africa in the 1400s
Kingdom of Benin about 1500 C.E.
Middle East
Mesopotamia
Euphrates River
Ancient Egypt
Phoenicia 1400B.C.E.-1200 B.C.E.
Canaan 1000 B.C.E.
Kingdom of Israel 980 B.C.E This map shows the location of the kingdom of Israel during the 900's B.C., at the height...
Judea 100 B.C.E.
Chaldea
Fertile Crescent
Babylonia
Assyria 1300B.C.E. - 600B.C.E.
Israel 1000 B.C.E.
Lydia 545 B.C.E.
Media 500 B.C.E.
Persian Empire 400 B.C.E.
Parthia 100 B.C.E.
Life of Jesus of Nazareth
Byzantine Empire around 500 C.E.
Empire of Timur The empire of Timur, an Asian conqueror, covered much of Southwest Asia in the 1390’s. This map shows the ...
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Expansion
Middle East
Australia and Pacific Islands
Aboriginal Migration Routes and Excavations
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Maps ancient and medieval history

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  • Map 21 is incorrect. Alexander's homeland did not reach all the way up to Skopje. Herodotus describes the south borders of Macedonia as being the River Peneios between Olympus and the Ossa Mountains coming to an agreement with the geographer Strabo. 1 He also acknowledged Macedonia as the area around the west foothills of Olympus and the Pieria Mountains, following the River Aliakmon to its southwest springs and then going up northwest on the Pindus Mountain range. 2 Both Herodotus and Thucydides considered the River Strymon in Greece as the eastern borders of ancient Macedonia. The Epirotan tribe of Orestes 3 of Upper Macedonia in the area of modern day Korce, Albania constituted the western borders of ancient Macedonia. Thucydides maintained that the northern borders of Macedonia laid the flow of the River Erigon (present day Crna Reka, the FYROM), also Mount Orbēlos (Bulgarian Pirin). The map you have used is a propaganda map based on the Nicolaides plan, an ethnological map of 1899. A map of the historical boundaries can be found at http://www.macedonia.info/map_thesis.jpg - © Marcus A. Templar, 2008. - The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia A Challenge to the Macedonism of the Slavs
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Maps ancient and medieval history

  1. 1. Ancient and Medieval History Maps
  2. 2. Global
  3. 3. Ancient Civilizations 3500 B.C.E.-1700 B.C.E.
  4. 4. Remains of Prehistoric Peoples This map shows the locations where scientists have found the earliest fossils and other remains of prehistoric people. Scientists have found remains in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Most scientists believe that our closest prehuman ancestors originated in Africa, and prehistoric people later spread to other parts of the world.
  5. 5. Ancient and Medieval Exploration Routes
  6. 6. World Map 300 C.E.-1500C.E.
  7. 7. World known by Europeans in 1300
  8. 8. Language Regions-Eastern Hem.
  9. 9. Language Regions: Eastern Hemisphere
  10. 10. Seven Wonders Ancient World This map shows the locations of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Pyramids of Giza are in northern Egypt. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were near what is now Baghdad, Iraq. The Temple of Artemis was built in the Greek city of Ephesus, on the west coast of what is now Turkey. The statue of Zeus was at Olympia , Greece. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was built in what is now southwestern Turkey. The Colossus stood near the harbor of Rhodes, an island in the Aegean Sea. The Lighthouse of Alexandria stood on the island of Pharos in the harbor of Alexandria, Egypt.
  11. 11. Map of world wealth today
  12. 12. Europe
  13. 13. Aegean Civilizations
  14. 14. Ancient Greece
  15. 15. Ancient Greek City-States
  16. 16. Ancient Greek Alliances
  17. 17. Voyage of the Argonauts
  18. 18. Eturia This map shows the location of Etruria, the home of the Etruscans. Etruria extended from the Arno River in the north to the Tiber River in the south, and from the Apennine Mountains in the east to the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west.
  19. 19. Sparta 500 B.C.E.
  20. 20. Troy
  21. 21. Macedonia: Home of Alexander
  22. 22. Alexander’s Empire
  23. 23. Empire of Alexander the Great
  24. 24. Ancient Rome
  25. 25. Rome takes Italy B.C.E. 272
  26. 26. Roman Empire under Augustus
  27. 27. Division of the Roman Empire 100 C.E. At its peak, in the A.D. 100's, the Roman Empire covered about half of Europe, much of the Middle East, and the north coast of Africa. But the Roman Empire grew weaker during the A.D. 300's. In 395, it was split into the West Roman Empire and the East Roman Empire. Each empire was subdivided into two parts called prefectures. The West Roman Empire consisted of the prefecture of Gaul and the prefecture of Italy and Africa. The prefecture of Illyricum and the prefecture of the East made up the East Roman Empire. The West Roman Empire fell to Germanic tribes in 476. The East Roman survived as the Byzantine Empire until 1453.
  28. 28. Roman Britain
  29. 29. Roman Empire 117 C.E.
  30. 30. Appian Way
  31. 31. Growth of the Roman Empire
  32. 32. Journey of St. Paul
  33. 33. Anglo-Saxons The seafaring Jutes, Angles, and Saxons who invaded Britain in the mid-400's became known as Anglo-Saxons. This map shows the origin of each group in mainland Europe. The Jutes were from what is now Denmark and northern Germany. The Angles were from Angeln, a district in what is now the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein. The Saxons were from northern Germany.
  34. 34. Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms
  35. 35. Empire of Attila the Hun 450s C.E.
  36. 36. Byzantine Empire around 500 C.E.
  37. 37. Kingdom of the Franks 768 C.E.
  38. 38. Byzantine Empire 876-1057 C.E.
  39. 39. Europe c. 1000 C.E.
  40. 40. Italy 1200 C.E.
  41. 41. Byzantine Empire around 1300 C.E.
  42. 42. Empire of Charlemagne
  43. 43. First and Third Crusades This map shows the routes taken by some of the major European armies during the First and Third crusades. The First Crusade began in 1096 and ended in 1099. Key European leaders in the crusade included Robert of Flanders, Raymond of Toulouse, Godfrey of Bouillon, and Bohemond of Taranto. The crusaders traveled from Europe toward Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) and then marched toward Jerusalem. They succeeded in capturing Jerusalem. They also established the crusader states: Edessa, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem. The Third Crusade began in 1189 and ended in 1192. Important European leaders of the Third Crusade were Frederick I of Germany, Philip II of France, and Richard I of England. The crusaders failed to recapture Jerusalem. But they recovered the Palestinian coastline and won an agreement with the Muslims to permit Christians to visit Jerusalem.
  44. 44. Holy Roman Empire c. 1250 C.E.
  45. 45. Exploration by the Vikings
  46. 46. Capetian France
  47. 47. Marco Polo’s Routes The map is hyperlinked to the map’s web site. Click it while running the slide show to see Magellan’s route animated.
  48. 48. Ottoman Empire
  49. 49. The Americas
  50. 50. Land of the Maya
  51. 51. Aztec Empire
  52. 52. Aztec Controlled Area
  53. 53. Indians: Andes Cultural Area This map shows where the American Indians of the Andes cultural area lived. The Andean Indians lived in the highlands of the Andes Mountains of South America and in nearby coastal areas. This large region includes southwestern Colombia, central Ecuador, coastal Peru, most of Chile, and parts of western Bolivia and Argentina. Next to the map is a list of the Indian groups that lived there. Major groups included the Inca, Mapuche, Nazca, and Moche. Each of the underlined groups has a separate article in World Book.
  54. 54. Incan Empire
  55. 55. Indians: Caribbean This map shows where the American Indians of the Caribbean cultural area lived. The area includes the southern half of Central America, the northern parts of what are now Colombia and Venezuela, and the islands of the Caribbean Sea. Next to the map is a list of the Indian groups that lived there. Major groups included the Arawak, Carib, and Chibcha. Each of the underlined groups has a separate article in World Book.
  56. 56. Portugal’s Empire
  57. 57. Trade Winds
  58. 58. Native American Cultural Regions
  59. 59. Indians: California This map shows where the American Indians of the California cultural area lived. The area includes much of California. The area extends from the southern edges of Oregon in the north to Baja, in Mexico, in the south. It stretches from the Sierra Nevada in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. Next to the map is a list of the Indian groups that lived there. Major groups included the Chumash, Miwok, Pomo, and Wintun. Each of the underlined groups has a separate article in World Book.
  60. 60. Indians: Great Basin
  61. 61. Indians: Middle Americas
  62. 62. Indians: Northeast
  63. 63. Indians: Northwest
  64. 64. Indians: Plains
  65. 65. Indians: Plateau
  66. 66. Indians: South America
  67. 67. Indians: Southeast
  68. 68. Indians: Southwest
  69. 69. Indians: Subarctic
  70. 70. Inuit Lands
  71. 71. Indians: Tropical Forest
  72. 72. Indians: Arctic Area
  73. 73. The Maya
  74. 74. Asia
  75. 75. Cradles of Civilization
  76. 76. Indus Valley Civilization This map shows the location of the Indus Valley civilization, which flourished from about 2500 B.C. to about 1700 B.C. The civilization grew to cover most of present-day Pakistan and parts of what are now Afghanistan and northern India. The heart of the civilization was the vast flood plain of the Indus and Hakra rivers. The Hakra River is now dry. It flowed east of—and parallel to—the Indus River.
  77. 77. Shang Dynasty China 1700 – 1100 B.C.E.
  78. 78. Asian Empires 300 B.C.E.-200B.C.E.
  79. 79. Qin Dynasty 221 B.C.E.
  80. 80. Asian Empires 100 C.E.- 300 C.E.
  81. 81. Mauryan Empire c. 300 B.C.E. This map shows the location of the Mauryan Empire, the first empire to unite almost all of India under a single government. The empire lasted from about 324 to about 185 B.C. Under the rule of Chandragupta Maurya, which ended about 298 B.C., the empire included much of what is now northern India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Chandragupta’s son Bindusara and Bindusara's son Ashoka expanded the empire far into South India. The empire's capital was Pataliputra (now Patna).
  82. 82. Gupta Empire 320 C.E.- 500C.E.
  83. 83. Mughal Empire 1600 C.E.
  84. 84. Korea-Three Kingdoms Period(100) B.C.E.
  85. 85. Han Empire 100 C.E.
  86. 86. Indochina Peninsula 300 C.E.
  87. 87. Asian Empires 700 C.E.
  88. 88. Tang Empire This map shows the land ruled by the Tan emperors from their capital at Chang'an. The Tang Empire reached its greatest size under Emperor Xuanzong. It controlled territory from eastern China to Persia. Arabs defeated Chinese armies at Talas in A.D. 751. This battle marked the end of Tang power in Turkestan and the closing of overland trade routes to the west.
  89. 89. Empire of Genghis Khan 1227 C.E.
  90. 90. Mongol Empire 1200s C.E.
  91. 91. Mongol Empire
  92. 92. Empire of Kublai Khan
  93. 93. Yuan Dynasty 1279-1368 C.E.
  94. 94. Marco Polo’s Routes The map is hyperlinked to the map’s web site. Click it while running the slide show to see Magellan’s route animated.
  95. 95. Silk Road
  96. 96. Asia Minor
  97. 97. Asian Empires 1500 C. E.-1700 C. E.
  98. 98. Africa
  99. 99. Ancient Egypt
  100. 100. Carthage
  101. 101. Kingdom of Kush
  102. 102. Nubia
  103. 103. Kingdom of Aksum 300 C.E.
  104. 104. Ghana Empire around 1050 C.E.
  105. 105. Fatimid Empire
  106. 106. Kingdom of Mali 1337 C.E.
  107. 107. Africa in the 1400s
  108. 108. Ottoman Empire
  109. 109. Africa in the 1400s
  110. 110. Kingdom of Benin about 1500 C.E.
  111. 111. Middle East
  112. 112. Mesopotamia
  113. 113. Euphrates River
  114. 114. Ancient Egypt
  115. 115. Phoenicia 1400B.C.E.-1200 B.C.E.
  116. 116. Canaan 1000 B.C.E.
  117. 117. Kingdom of Israel 980 B.C.E This map shows the location of the kingdom of Israel during the 900's B.C., at the height of its power. Between about 1800 and 1500 B.C., Abraham, the ancestor of the Jews, settled in Canaan (roughly an area from east of the Jordan River to the Mediterranean Sea). At first, the Jews were divided into tribes. About 1000 B.C., they united to form the kingdom of Israel, later called Judah or Judea. The region extended north to the Euphrates River and south to the Gulf of Aqaba.
  118. 118. Judea 100 B.C.E.
  119. 119. Chaldea
  120. 120. Fertile Crescent
  121. 121. Babylonia
  122. 122. Assyria 1300B.C.E. - 600B.C.E.
  123. 123. Israel 1000 B.C.E.
  124. 124. Lydia 545 B.C.E.
  125. 125. Media 500 B.C.E.
  126. 126. Persian Empire 400 B.C.E.
  127. 127. Parthia 100 B.C.E.
  128. 128. Life of Jesus of Nazareth
  129. 129. Byzantine Empire around 500 C.E.
  130. 130. Empire of Timur The empire of Timur, an Asian conqueror, covered much of Southwest Asia in the 1390’s. This map shows the routes of Timur’s invading armies to India in 1398 and to Egypt and Syria in 1400 and 1401. Timur died in 1405 before he could conquer China.
  131. 131. Ottoman Empire
  132. 132. Ottoman Expansion
  133. 133. Middle East
  134. 134. Australia and Pacific Islands
  135. 135. Aboriginal Migration Routes and Excavations

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