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Kena upanishad



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Kena upanishad

  1. 1. KenaUpanishad Sriloy mohanty BNYS Existance Of Soul
  2. 2. Three essential components for making an effort to acquire any knowledge, particularly spiritual knowledge are: – The Sadguru refers to the guiding energy in the form of mother, father, acharya, spiritual mentor – Shastras refers to the body of knowledge (Vedic literature) – Anubhava means the experience of the seeker Vedic Triadic Approach to Seek Spiritual Knowledge Eventually, the seeker should advance towards spiritual enlightenment.
  3. 3. Vedic Knowledge as an Inverted Tree Integrated knowledge of Spirituality and Science Bramhan - God Non - Dual Reality Vedic literature 4 Vedas
  4. 4. Samhita, Bramhana and Aranyakas form the Vedas  Vedas are classified as Rik, Yajus, Sama and Atharva.  Maharishi Vyasa classified them, hence Veda Vyasa.  There are large number of Upanishads (108, 32, 10) Vedic Literature
  5. 5. Upanishads refers to the spiritual knowledge obtained by disciples sitting near the realized Guru, that destroys the ignorance of disciples.  Upanishads are the Vedanta (essence of the Vedas) Upanishads
  6. 6.  Upanishads are essentially in the form of stories and dialogues such as those of Yama-Nachiketa, Varuna-Bhrigu, Yajnavalkya-Maitreyi, etc. Upanishads are the super conscious experiences of Atman by several rishis and they form the foundation of Sanatana Dharma. The other two are Bramha Sutras and Bhagavadgita
  7. 7. Ten Upanishads are considered as major ones.  Rigveda ---Aitareya  Sukla Yajurveda ---Isavasya and Brihadaranyaka  Krishna Yajurveda --Katha and Taittiriya  Samaveda ---Kena and Chandogya  Atharva ---Prasna, Mundaka and Mandukya Principal Upanishads
  8. 8. •Concept of bramhan •Small in size (18 verses) • Mystical experience of ubiquitous Atman. • Karma yoga Isavasya Upanishad
  9. 9. Katha Upanishad  Mrutyu rahasya  Dialogue of Yama-Nachiketa  Sacred fire and yajna  mortal body and immortal soul  role of yoga and discipline Katha upanishat
  10. 10. Sense organs mind Intelect soul Body Sense object Kathopanishad
  11. 11. Nothing is superior to Purusa Purusa Unmanifested Atman Intellect Mind Object Senses Kathopanishad says…
  12. 12. Secret of prana String of questions to rishi Pippalada by Sukesi, Satyakama, Gargya, Aswalayana, Bhargava and Kabandhi Systematic presentation through questions and answers “When is all this that is visible”-(Kabandhi) “Who is the Purusha with sixteen kalas”-(Sukesha) Prasna Upanishad
  13. 13. •Refers to the visions and experiences of Samnyasis •Para and Apara Vidya •Cosmology •Karma and Jnana yoga Mundaka Upanishad
  14. 14. MandukyaUpanishat •Avasta traya viveka •Four levels of consciousness (wakeful, dream, deep sleep, fourth (samadhi)) •OM : its various aspects Turya Bramhan
  15. 15. •Ethics, learning and advice at the end of studies •Sheaths of Bramhan •Levels and scale of happiness (bliss) •Dialogue of Varuna and Bhrigu about Bramhan •Ecstatic expressions of experience of Bramhan TaittiriyaUpanishad
  16. 16. •Panchakosha viveka and ananda mimamsa •Creation of world through Viraj (ananda mimamsa) •Philosophy of the births (panchakosha) •Nature of Atman •Gurukula system-samavartana ceremony TatryaUpanishad
  17. 17. ChandogyaUpanishad Yajna and upasana  Raikva, Satyakama Jabala, Usasti Pravahana (Life after death), Narada (Para and Apara) Bramhachari (worship of Prana), Indra (about Atman) Thus spake Uddalaka Aruni
  18. 18. Brihdaranyaka Upanishat •Karma (Soma sacrifice) •Creation of Universe and four varnas •Gargi-Yanjnavalkya, Balaki-Ajatashatru, •Bramhan as Antaryamin •Thus spake Yajnavalkya Brihdaranyaka Upanishad
  19. 19. •Definition of consciousness •Subjective (psychological-spiritual) and objective (cosmological) approaches to proof of Atman. •Atman as Ultimate Reality •Omnipotence of Atman (Uma, the Goddess and Indra)
  20. 20. Kena upanishad By ShriAurobindo
  21. 21. By whom desired and set forth does the mind, flow towards its object ? At whose bidding again does the chief prana proceed to its function ? By whom wished do men utter the speech ? What effulgent one, indeed, directs the eye or the ear ?
  22. 22. The preceptor:- It is the ear of the ear, the mind of the mind, the speech of speech, he is also the prana of the prana, the eye of the eye. Knowing thus, the wise, having relinquished all false identification of the self with the senses, become immortal, when departed from this world
  23. 23. There goes neither the eye, nor speech nor mind ; we know it not : nor do we see how to teach one about it. Different it is from all that are known, and is beyond the unknown as well,---thus we have heard from the ancient seers who explained that to us
  24. 24. What no speech can express, but what expresses speech, know that alone as Bramhan and not this which people here worship
  25. 25. What none can comprehend with the mind , but by which, the sages say, the mind is comprehended, know that alone as brahman and not this they worship here
  26. 26. That none can see with eyes, but by which one sees the function of the eyes, know that alone as the bramhan and not this they worship here
  27. 27. What none can hear by the ears, but by which the hearing is perceived,--- know that alone as bramhan and not this they worship here
  28. 28. What none can breath with breath but by which the breath is directed know that alone as bramhan and not this they worship here
  29. 29. Thank you………Love All Serve