Diet and nutrition

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Diet and nutrition

  1. 1. Dietetics and nutrition<br />BY<br />S3<br />BNYS 2ND SEM<br />S-VYASA<br />
  2. 2. CONTENTS…<br /><ul><li>INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. DEFINITION
  4. 4. CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD
  5. 5. PROXIMATE PRINCIPLE
  6. 6. DIETARY GUIDELINES
  7. 7. FOOD PYRAMID
  8. 8. DIETARY GOALS
  9. 9. SATTVIC PERSONALITY & THEIR FOOD
  10. 10. RAJASIC PERSONALITY & THEIR FOOD
  11. 11. TAMASIC PERSONALITY & THEIR FOOD
  12. 12. CONCLUSION
  13. 13. REFERENCE</li></li></ul><li>INTRODUCTION…<br />Diet -maintenance of good health<br />The prevention and cure of disease<br />Primary source of energy<br />Provides the essential nutrients<br />Decides the strength & healthiness<br />The fifth basic principle of nature cure <br />
  14. 14. DEFINITIONS<br />NUTRITION : It is said to be the utilization of the consumed food by the body<br />NUTRIENTS : Molecules present in the food, which helps in the nourishment of the body<br />DIET : It is the food prescribed according to the requirement of the body<br />
  15. 15. CLASSIFICATION OF FOOD<br />Food is mainly classified into 3 types……..<br /> 1.Energy yielding<br /> 2.Body building<br /> 3.Protective<br />
  16. 16. 1. Energy yielding food <br />Our ordinary diet<br />Rice , wheat , starchy vegetables ,cereals ,pulses ,nuts ,sugars & oils<br />Producing energy in the body<br />Supply energy & keep the body warm<br />Also called as the ‘Fuel –food’<br />
  17. 17. Energy rich foods<br />
  18. 18. 2. Body building food <br />To build the body and replace the worn-out tissues.<br />Milk and its products, meat, fish, and eggs<br />The other examples are legumes, dals, dried beans, peas and nuts<br />Cereals also contain some body-building nutrients.<br />
  19. 19. Body building foods<br />
  20. 20. 3. PROTECTIVE food<br />Provide large number of the protective substances <br />Natural foodstuffs contain one or more of these protective nutrients<br />Green vegetables, fresh fruits, milk, meat, fish , and eggs<br />Protective foodstuffs contain sufficient amounts of one or more of the protective nutrients so that a combination of them yields enough to maintain life<br />
  21. 21. Protective foods<br />
  22. 22. Carbo hydrates <br />Minerals<br />Fat <br />Protein<br />Iron<br />PROXIMATE PRINCIPLESValues given are per 100 gms of edible portion<br />
  23. 23. Carbo hydrates <br />Fat<br />Minerals<br />Protein<br />Iron<br />
  24. 24. PROXIMATE PRINCIPLES<br />Carbo hydrates <br />Fat <br />Minerals <br />Protein<br />Fibre<br />Iron<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. FOOD PYRAMID<br />10-15 gmsFATS & OILS<br />20-25 gms OF<br />SUGAR<br />60 gms OF<br />PULSES<br />300 ML OF<br />MILK & MP<br />300 TO 400 Gms OF VEGETABLES<br />100 Gms OF FRUITS<br />300 TO 400 GRAMS OF CEREALS<br />LIKE RICE, WHEAT, RAGI, JOVAR<br />
  27. 27. Dietary guidelines<br />Green leafy vegetables, other vegetables and fruits should be used in plenty.<br />Cooking oils and animal foods-in moderation<br />Vanaspati/ghee/butter -use sparingly.<br />Over-eating should be avoided<br />Proper physical activity is essential<br />Salt should be used in moderation.<br />
  28. 28. Cont….<br />Food consumed should be safe and clean<br />Healthy and positive food concepts and cooking practices should be adopted<br />Water should be taken in adequate amounts<br />Beverages should be consumed in moderation<br />Processed and ready-to-eat foods should be used judiciously <br />Sugar should be used sparingly<br />The elderly should eat a nutrient-rich diet <br />
  29. 29. CONT…<br />Have whole grams which are the source of fibers<br />Use sprouts which are rich in vitamins<br />Use complex carbohydrates like wheat which adds for the fiber and calories of the body<br />Use the combination of PUFA and MUFA<br />Use unrefined oils and flours<br />
  30. 30. Dietary goals<br />Maintain a state of positive health <br />Ensure adequate nutritional status for pregnant women and lactating mothers<br />Improve birth weights<br />Promote growth of infants, children<br />Achieve adequacy in all nutrients<br />Prevent nutrient deficiency diseases<br />Prevent chronic diet-related disorders.<br />Maintain the health of the elderly<br />Increase the life expectancy<br />
  31. 31. diet also counts for the physical activity and mental status of an individual……<br />
  32. 32. According to the food taken, individuals can be classified into…..<br />1. Tamasic<br /> 2. Rajasic<br /> 3.sattvic<br />
  33. 33. SATTVIC PERSONALITY<br />People who follow the sattvic way of eating <br />Clear-minded<br />Balanced<br />Spiritually aware<br />They avoid alcohol, stimulants like tea, coffee, tobacco and non-vegetarian food<br />Selfless<br />
  34. 34. SATTVIC FOOD<br />Sattvic food is always freshly cooked and simple, juicy<br />It is light, nourishing, sweet and tasty<br />It increases the energy of the mind and produces cheerfulness, serenity and mental clarity<br />Sattvicfood is highly conducive to good health<br />Milk, butter, ghee (clarified butter), almonds, dates, moong (green gram) sprouts, barley, wheat, cereals, fresh vegetables and fruits<br />The spices- turmeric, ginger, cinnamon, coriander, fennel (saunf) and cardamom <br />
  35. 35. RAJASIC PERSONALITY<br />Greedy, jealousy, angry, fantasy, egoistic and irreligious <br />Interested in the four P's - power, prestige, position and prosperity <br />They are go-getters and know how to enjoy life<br />The rajasic man always plans to satisfy his palate <br />The palate remains unsatisfied until the stomach is completely filled with pungent things and till the tongue is burnt with chillies.<br />
  36. 36. RAJASIC FOOD<br />This is food that is fresh but heavy<br />It includes non-vegetarian food meat, fish, eggs, and chicken <br />All whole pulses and dals (not sprouted)<br />Hot spices like chillies, pepper<br />Vegetables including onion and garlic<br />It benefits those who believe in action and aggression in a positive way such as business persons, politicians, and athletes<br />Rajasic foods are bitter, sour, salty, pungent, hot and dry<br />Tea, coffee, betel leaves, tobacco are rajasic articles of food<br />
  37. 37. Tamasic personality<br />Tamas brings about stagnation <br />Such individuals suffer from intense mood swings<br />Insecurity, desires, and cravings <br />Unable to deal with others in a balanced way<br />Self-centered<br />Their nervous system and heart do not function optimally <br />Aging is fast<br />They usually suffer from conditions like cancer, heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, and chronic fatigue<br />
  38. 38. TAMASIC FOOD<br />This includes foods that are not fresh, impure, stale<br />Overcooked and processed <br />Foods made from refined flour (maida), pastries, pizzas, burgers, soft drinks,tea, coffee, tobaco,alcohol<br />Canned and preserved foods like jams, pickles and fried foods<br />Sweets made from sugar, ice creams, puddings <br />All spicy, salty, sweet and fatty foods <br />Beef, fish, eggs, wine, garlic, onions and tobacco are tamasic foodstuffs.<br />
  39. 39.
  40. 40. conclusion<br />EAT TO LIVE BUT DON’T LIVE TO EAT<br />THE FOOD WE EAT DECIDES OUR PHYSICAL AND MENTAL STATUS<br />WE ARE WHAT WE EAT<br />“YOUR FOOD SHALL BE YOUR MEDICINE”<br /> -HIPPOCRATES<br />
  41. 41. One who eats……<br />One time yogi<br />Two times bhogi<br />Three times rogi<br />Four times no more<br />
  42. 42. REFERENCES…<br />www.wikipedia.com<br />Nature cure <br /> By Bhakru<br />Tamasic, Rajasic, Sattvic Diet<br /> By Dr.H.RNagendra<br />
  43. 43. Thank you<br />

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