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  1. 1. Chiropractice<br />By<br />S3<br />S-vyasa<br />
  2. 2. Definition <br />A primary health care professions in which professional responsibilities and authority are focused on the anatomy of the spine and immediate articulation, and the condition of spinal nerve interference. <br />
  3. 3. Chiropractice is a form of alternative medicine  that emphasizes diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system , especially the spine , under the hypothesis that these disorders affect general health via the nervous disorder<br />
  4. 4. The word Chiropractic comes from the Greek words cheir and praxis which means done by hand.<br />
  5. 5. Founder D.D(Daniel David ) Palmer, <br /> B.J Palmer helped to expand it in the early 20th century<br />
  6. 6. ADJUSTMENT: The specific application of forces used to facilitate the body’s correction of spinal nerve interference.<br />CHIROPRACTIC PRACTICE OBJECTIVE: is to correct spinal nerve interference in a safe, effective manner. <br />
  7. 7. The PHILOSOPHY of CHIROPRACTIC<br />Chiropractors approach health in a holistic manner. <br />the body is able to maintain and heal itself in most cases.<br />it is the body that conducts and manages the process of healing and not the doctor or externally applied forces.<br />
  8. 8. VERTEBRAL SUBLUXATION<br />A misalignment of one or more of the vertebrae in the spinal column, which causes alteration of nerve functions and interference to the transmission of mental impulses resulting in a lessening of the body’s innate ability to express its maximum health potential. <br />
  9. 9. Results of subluxations<br />Neuropathology, or nerve damage.<br />Kinesiopathology , or joint damage.<br />Histopathology, or tissue damage.<br />Myopathology, or muscle damage.<br /> Pathophysiology, or overall health damage.<br />
  10. 10. Steps of chiropractic<br />History taking <br />Analysis <br /> inspection <br />manual palpation <br />Spine and paraspinal region <br />Hypo or hyperemia associated <br />with vertebral subluxation<br />Attachment of muscles <br />Static vertebral position <br />Areas of abnormal segmental<br /> motions to identify hyper or <br />hypo mobility<br />
  11. 11. Other clinical examination <br />Range of motion <br />Muscle strength testing <br />Orthopedic/ neurological tests <br />Mental status <br />Quality of life assessment <br />Substance abused and outcomes <br />
  12. 12. The subluxation of the spines compress the nerves, interrupting the transmission of the vital force or nerve impulses resulting in the disease <br />spinal abnormalities when corrected and spinal and nerve irritation when eliminated, pain is alleviated and the body's inborn healing capabilities are set into motion.<br />
  13. 13. Techniques <br />Manipulation is movement of short amplitude and high velocity that moves the joint beyond the limit the patient can move <br />Mobilization is movements administered by the clinician within physiologic joint space in order to increase overall range of motion.<br />
  14. 14. Benefits <br />increase flexibility and joint functioning<br />increase resistance to disease<br /> reduce stress<br />improve posture<br />prevent spinal disc degeneration<br />
  15. 15. improve organic functions--heart, digestive<br /> organs, etc.<br /> relieve pressure on nerves -- pain may or may not be present<br /> improve balance and coordination<br /> reduce chronic pain<br /> improve overall health.<br />
  16. 16. Indications <br />Neck pain<br />Mid back and lower back pain<br />Chronic muscle pain and inflammation<br />Acute and chronic muscle spasm<br />Decreased spinal range of motion<br /> sciatica where disc bulges are contained less than 5 mm<br />Failed back surgery<br />Chronic occipital or tension headaches<br />Conditions where narcotic pain relievers are of little benefit<br />
  17. 17. Contra-indication <br />Malignancy with metastasis to bone<br />Tuberculosis of the bone<br />Fractures<br />Acute arthritis<br />Acute gout<br />Uncontrolled diabetic neuropathy <br />Syphilitic articular or periarticular lesions<br />Gonorrheal spinal arthritis<br />Excessive spinal osteoporosis<br />Evidence of cord or caudal compression by tumor, ankylosis and malacia bone disease.<br />
  18. 18. References <br />Chiropractic <br />Compassion and<br /> Expectation by Terry A. Rondberg, D.C<br /><br /> <br /><br /><br /><br /><br />