Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Monitoring Evaluation and Impact study in farmers’ participatory action research: Role and relevance

386 views

Published on

Dr. Michael Loevinsohn
Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex, United Kingdom

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

Monitoring Evaluation and Impact study in farmers’ participatory action research: Role and relevance

  1. 1. Monitoring, evaluation and learning in dynamic farmer participatory research: the essential role Michael Loevinsohn Institute of Development Studies, U.K. SRI Regional Project Inception Workshop, Bangkok, 9 April 2013
  2. 2. Monitoring and evaluation in times of rapid change • Agriculture impacted from many directions – Shifting nature of the farming population – part-time, diversified livelihoods, aging – Increased frequency of extreme weather events – Market price volatility: inputs and outputs • Impacts experienced differently in different areas • Diversified options needed that can be tested and adapted locally • Crucial to recognize: innovation springs from multiple sources
  3. 3. Farmer creativity and innovation: the key agricultural resource • Remains the source of much agricultural change – Provides the adapted cultivars that breeding exploits – Develops adapted cropping/farming systems • Continues to modify and adapt packages developed by research and promoted by extension • Programs ignore farmer innovation at their peril
  4. 4. Philippines, early 1980s 100 km from IRRI • Farmers employed Green Revolution elements but used them very differently than directed – Insecticides applied at 1/3 recommended dose – N-fertilizer never applied basally: weeks later • Perceived by research as “inefficiency” • Eventually, field research showed farmers’ practices rational under their conditions • Much time, resources wasted thru failure to appreciate, engage with farmer innovation
  5. 5. Who should monitoring and evaluation serve? • Partners, stakeholders involved in innovation at all levels – Communities, producers (landed and landless) – People working up/downstream on value chains – Research, advisory, program implementation – Policy, planning, oversight • Beyond “accountability”, after-the-fact concerns – Was money well-spent? What was the impact? • Feed learning to support innovation – Doing better, ensure benefits equitably shared
  6. 6. 9
  7. 7. What should responsive monitoring and evaluation look like? • Clear, accurate pictures: what is happening? • Information on questions of local concern • Responsive to emerging concerns: impacts and responses to e.g. – Climate change and variability – Volatility of prices • Early intelligence on unintended consequences – Social and environmental • Information in a form that is meaningful and available in a timely fashion • Evaluators “involved” rather than external
  8. 8. What will responsive monitoring and evaluation look like in our initiative? • Objectives and procedures to be refined over the next few days • What are farmers doing with what they learn about SRI in their fields and what do they achieve? – What directions does innovation take? – Among which farmers is innovation proceeding? – Where is it stagnating? – What are the exceptional innovations? • How do the new cropping practices respond to extreme weather events?

×