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Lucy Fisher-SRI Networks Around the World Where to Next?


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Lucy Fisher-SRI Networks Around the World Where to Next?

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Lucy Fisher-SRI Networks Around the World Where to Next?

  1. 1. SRI Networks Around the World Where to Next? Lucy Fisher SRI International Network and Resource Center (SRI-Rice) IP/CALS Cornell University Ithaca, New York Final Workshop Sustaining and Enhancing the Momentum from Innovation and around the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the Lower Mekong Rive Basic (SRI-LMB) November 1-2, 2018
  2. 2. Progress of SRI Around the World SRI has been validated in ~60+ countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas -and an estimated 10-20 million people are using SRI methods
  3. 3. SRI NETWORKS SRI is an eco-digital commons –- --an international network of thousands of farmers and other stakeholders practicing or supporting a form of “open-source agronomy” for rice cultivation
  4. 4. GLOBAL SRI NETWORKS Founded Based at Formal? Online? SRI-Rice 2010 Cornell University No Website/FB/TW/blog/newsletter SRI Research Network 2016 Cornell University No Zotero database / website SRI Equipment Forum 2012 Cornell University No Facebook REGIONAL SRI NETWORKS SRI Latin America 2009,’12 &’17 Originated in Cuba; moved to IICA (Costa Rica) No Facebook Africa 2019 Jomo Kenyatta Univ. of Ag. And Tech (No) Website (new) NATIONAL SRI NETWORKS Bangladesh (SRI NBB) 2006 Bangladesh Rice Foundation (originally) ? No Cambodia 2004 Govt. (MAFF) – no longer a network Yes Previous website India (National SRI Consortium) 2007 Peoples Science Institute (NGO) No Google Group (JaiSRI) Indonesia (Ina-SRI) 2008 Institut Pertanian Bogor No Yahoo Group (only) Japan (J-SRI) 2007 University of Tokyo Yes Website [Madagascar (GSRI) – now closed] 2008-2012 [Group of NGOs and Ministry of Agriculture] No [Website] Malaysia (SRI-MAS) 2011 University Kebangsaan Malayisa Yes Website/fb/WhatsApp Nepal (SRI-Nepal) 2002&’15 Virtual No Facebook/twitter Philippines (SRI-Pilipinas) 2002 NGO (virtual) ? Yahoo Group Sri Lanka (Merged with Agroecol.) 2008&’15 Rajarata University Yes No Taiwan (CA-SRI) 2016 Business (Caremed, Inc.) Yes Website
  5. 5. Workshop to Enhance Cooperation and Sharing among SRI National Networks in Asia The Leverage Business Hotel-Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia 18-19 October 2018
  6. 6. There’s a lot of SRI networks!  What do the networks need?  What do the networks have to offer each other?  How can we better connect them to support each other?  What things can the networks do together that they can’t do by themselves?
  7. 7. NATIONAL SRI NETWORKS Several Examples
  8. 8. SRI NATIONAL AND REGIONAL DISCUSSION GROUPS -- not too much interaction between networks India (57%) Indonesia (24.54%) Philippines (11.04%) Latin America (4.91%) Nepal (1.23 %) Fisher, 2013 network study
  9. 9. PHILIPPINES NATIONAL SRI NETWORK: SRI-Pilipinas How they operate: 1) Weekly radio show 2) Hotline advertised in local and national newspapers 3) One-day or season-long trainings on request (SMS module or in person) 4) Provide primer, videos, SMS-delivered provided on request 5) Listserv At least one contact in all 81 provinces. Of the 1,633 towns in the Philippines, 872 have at least one Hotline contact
  10. 10. JAPAN J-SRI Network J-SRI website  Founded 2007 at University of Tokyo  About 300 members; ~ 60 meet every other month  Most projects are in SE Asia
  11. 11. TAIWAN – Society of Conservation Agriculture – System of Rice Intensification (CA-SRI) The new website!  Founded: 2016  Based at: Caremed (medical equipment supply business)  Membership: ~60 people, convene: 2X/year  Projects: 2 field projects with 2 ha in 2016. 1 project with 13ha in 2017 Also published "稻作革命SRI (System of Rice Intensification)," the Chinese language version of Norman Uphoff's 2016 book SRI Frequently Asked Questions"
  12. 12. GLOBAL NETWORKS SRI International Network and Resource Center (SRI-Rice) SRI Equipment Network SRI Research Network
  13. 13. Gets ~ 4,000 visitors per month from ~ 90 countries
  14. 14. SRI-Rice provides free online SRI resources and advice SRI-Rice Website Facebook (English) Facebook (Spanish) Twitter Video Library Presentations (mostly ppt) SRI Highlights (monthly newsletter) Research Database /Library SRI Equipment Innovators Forum
  15. 15. Things that are more difficult for SRI-Rice to provide from the global level  Requests for trainers and training in specific countries / regions  Requests for information on where to acquire appropriate equipment from Asia, Africa, and Latin America  Requests for information on developing domestic / international markets for rice produced with SRI methods  Regional networks could help maintain this information!
  16. 16. SRI EQUIPMENT NETWORK SRI Equipment Innovators Exchange (a Facebook Group with 350 Members) 2014 Equipment Workshop Asian Institute of Technology
  17. 17. The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Global Research Network There are 1,439 SRI research items in the database! There are 1,104 journal articles from Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas 216 research items from China 152 research items from Indonesia 123 research items from Africa 589 research items from India
  18. 18. SRI Principles and Practices 1. Early and healthy plant establishment 2. Minimize competition between plants 3. Build fertile soils rich in organic matter and soil biota 4. Manage water carefully, avoid flooding & water stress, create aerated soil • High number of tillers and panicles • Good grain filling • Prolific deep root growth • Delayed root senescence Higher yields 1 plant/ hill Wider spacing Young seedlings (8-12 days old) Use manure, compost, crop residues AWD for irrigated rice (mechanical weeder to aerate soil) Slide: E. Styger
  19. 19. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 YEAR 250% Increase Over the Last 10 Years Cumulative Number of Countries With Journal Articles
  20. 20. Location of SRI research authors in China
  21. 21. 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 (Africa) 1 2 1 0 4 0 2 1 0 5 7 8 9 6 10 16 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 6 4 10 7 12 3 9 20 13 India 0 0 0 4 5 5 15 26 27 23 33 44 63 78 64 71 China 4 26 24 12 13 6 4 8 4 6 6 13 14 20 18 15 NumberofJournalArticles Year Number of Journal Articles by Year and Country China India Indonesia (Africa)
  22. 22. 24 24 19 18 18 17 13 12 10 9 7 7 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 NumberofJournalArticles Year Total Number of Journal Articles by Country (Excluding China, India, Indonesia)
  23. 23. What does the Global SRI Research Network need from national and regional networks? We can pick up and curate research in online journals, but we need help from national and regional networks to find:  Research that is not published online  Research published in languages other than English  Research carried out by farmers and NGOs that does not appear in academic publications  Etc.
  24. 24. Why do we need a Global SRI Research Network? to easily locate SRI research (1,000+ items) (journals articles, theses, etc.) to share new research with colleagues to gain access to expensive subscription articles to work out priorities / SRI research agenda to share/learn about better research methods avoid duplicating research to facilitate multi-country collaborations
  25. 25. The SRI Research Network
  26. 26. REGIONAL NETWORKS Still some work to do!
  27. 27. Regional Networks  Latin America - Started with listserv in 2009 with Cuban leadership (internet connectivity too hard!) - Latin America SRI workshop (Costa Rica, 2011) - listserv replaced by Facebook group run from Costa Rica (2013) - 2017 workshop reestablished the regional network with a second regional workshop. - Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), which has a regional SRI project since 2015, has an important leadership role in the SRI America Latina Network.  Africa - While the 13 country World Bank-funded SRI-WAAPP project in W. Africa was effective, the project is now closed. A West Africa SRI facebook exists that includes some participants - SRI Africa Information Center formed in 2018 (; hopes to expand to SRI Africa Network  Asia - A WhatsApp group was formed in 2015 for SE Asians from the national networks to get to know each other. - A meeting to form an SRI Asia regional network was held in Johor Bahru, Oct. 2018. Conveners were ACISAI Centre at AIT and SRI-MAS in Malaysia.
  28. 28. Workshop to Enhance Cooperation and Sharing among SRI National Networks in Asia The Leverage Business Hotel-Skudai, Johor Bahru, Malaysia 18-19 October 2018
  29. 29. All types of networks should be engaging in creating a MORE ENABLING POLICY ENVIRONMENT Because.. some governments and donors still have an unfavorable opinion that is preventing the SRI movement from getting the support they need to scale up
  30. 30. Creating a more favorable policy environment for SRI will happen when:  Farmer demand is substantial AND government officials, donors, and others are made aware of it  Consumer demand for rice grown with SRI methods increases AND government officials, donors, and others are aware of it  The agricultural research community is aware of SRI research findings and develop a favorable opinion of SRI Or, in general we want…  ..policymakers, donors, researchers and the general public to recognize there is a demand, develop a favorable opinion about SRI, and be motivated to take action.
  31. 31. How to work towards creating a more favorable policy environment worldwide?  Bringing farmer voices to the forefront through stories, interviews, news clips, etc.  Educating the general public about SRI through more positive articles / media about SRI ..and with a wider distribution. ..and cover specific issues of interest like women, youth, climate change. ..educate journalists about SRI so they will cover it.  More quality research (carried out and) presented at more conferences and events where researchers convene More presentations at important global events such as COP2_.
  32. 32. And a few more ideas…  Address specific issues governments are interested in.  Consumer education by SRI rice traders, journalists and others  A strategic plan to reach and convince policymakers, donors, government officials and the general public with a positive message about SRI… …and our SRI networks are capable of doing these things.
  33. 33. Thanks!