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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Vietnam

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Mr. Do Hnag Khanh presented on 'Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Vietnam' at Regional Review and Planning Workshop 2017, Hanoi, Vietnam

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Key FPAR Learning and Draft Work Plans, Vietnam

  1. 1. THE MAIN RESULTS OF PROJECT IN VIETNAM SUSTAINING AND ENHANCING THE MOMENTUM FOR INNOVATION AND LEARNING AROUND THE SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) IN THE LOWERMEKONGRIVER BASIN (SRI-LMB) Hanoi, 25 April 2017
  2. 2. OVERVIEW A. Main activities and Results B. Lesson learns C. Recommendation for future activities D. Work plan for 2017-2018
  3. 3. A. Main activities and Results in 2014-2016 period • Preparatory activities In April 2013, the Regional Inception and Planning Workshop was organized in Bangkok (Thailand). In May 2014, the National Inception and Planning Workshop in Vietnam was organized in Hanoi.
  4. 4. Central Farmer’s Participatory Action Research (CFPAR) Central Farmer’s Participatory Action Research (CFPAR) • CFPAR commenced in winter spring 2015. During the CFPAR, the DTs based on the local issues embarked on the FPAR curriculum design and development of FPAR Field Guide to prepare for the implementation of Farmer Participatory Action Research (FPAR), beginning in the summer season 2015. • The CFPAR trained 66 Technical Staff and Farmer Trainers. - 16 District Trainers (10 from Bac Giang and 6 from Ha Tinh) - 36 Farmer Trainers (22 from Bac Giang and 14 from Ha Tinh). In the CFPAR a total of 6 field experiments and 2 SRI demonstration plots were established.
  5. 5. No Activitiets Bac Giang Ha Tinh Total 1 Number of Central Farmer’s Participatory Action Research 1 1 2 2 Number of participants 33 33 66 3 Number of women 22 14 36 4 Number of Field Experiments 3 3 6 5 Number of SRI Demonstrations 1 1 2 CFPAR
  6. 6. Farmer’s Participatory Action Research (FPAR) • In the first cycle of FPAR (2015) In summer season 2015, Technical Staff and Farmer Trainers established over 12 experiments at 12 Farmer’s Participatory Action Research (FPAR) sites in Bac Giang province. • In the second cycle of FPAR (2016), 36 new farmers’ groups were established. • Total of 48 successful FPAR field experiments and 50 SRI demonstrations fields (i.e., including 2 from the CFPARs) were setup in both provinces from 2015 to 2016. In SRI demonstration fields, depending on local conditions, farmers apply one or more SRI principle/s such as transplanting young seedling at 2-2.5-leaf stage; using one plant per hill at desired square-sharp spacing; intermittent irrigation; use of rotary weeding and application of more organic matter as basal fertilizer (e.g., animal manure).
  7. 7. FPAR 2015 - 2016 Time Activities Bac Giang Ha Tinh Total Summer season 2015 Number of FPAR 12 12 Number of famers 360 360 Number of FE 12 12 Number of SRI Demo. 12 12 Spring season 2016 Number of FPAR 12 12 Number of famers 360 360 Number of FE 12 12 Number of SRI Demo. 12 12 Summer season 2016 Number of FPAR 12 12 24 Number of famers 360 360 720 Number of FE 12 12 24 Number of SRI Demo. 12 12 24
  8. 8. Main results of CFPAR and FPAR, 2015-2016 • In year 1 and 2, a total of 50 learning experiments were conducted, including: 18 on transplanting density; 9 on number of seedlings per hill; 10 on seed rates for broadcasting; 6 on weed management; 4 on method of potassium application and 3 on method of nitrogen application. A total of 50 SRI Demonstration Fields were also established. • A total number of 2,281 farmers (560 men and 1,721 women) were directly involved in FPARs in the 1st and 2nd cycles. • A Field Day was organized for each FPAR with about 50 participants in each event, reaching a total of about 2,400 persons. In the Field Day, farmers shared results of SRI demonstration fields and field experiments.
  9. 9. Yield gains, net-return of experiments (SRI demonstrations and/or learning experiments) • Yield Gains and Net Returns between SRI demonstration and FP fields in Bac Giang
  10. 10. Yield gains, net-return of experiments (cont.) • Yield Gains and Net Returns between SRI Demonstration and FP fields, Ha Tinh 2016
  11. 11. Yield Gains and Net Returns from field experiments Experiment on Number of Seedlings/hill in Bac Giang 2015-2016
  12. 12. Experiment on Seeding Rate, Bac Giang 2015-2016
  13. 13. Experiment on number of hills/m2, Ha Tinh Spring and Summer season 2016
  14. 14. Experiment on weed management, Ha Tinh Spring and Summer season 2016
  15. 15. Reduction of input costs between SRI demonstration and FP fields Expenditures ofSRIfield in SummerSeason 2015 and 2016 VND 177,000 (1%) VND 7,178,650 (25%) VND 465,000 (2%) VND 20,789,100 (72%) Variety Fertilizer Pesticide Labor VND 1,516,200 (5%) VND 6,901,000 (23%) VND 566,000 (2%) VND 20,710,500 (72%) Variety Fertilizer Pesticide Labor Expenditures of FP field in Summer Season 2015 and 2016
  16. 16. Reduction of input costs between SRI demonstration and FP fields in Ha Tinh Expenditures of FP fieldinSpring Season 2016 12,700,000VND (49%) 2,800,000VND (11%) 8,180,000VND (31%) 2,400,000VND (9%) Variety Fertilizer Pesticide Labor Expenditures of SRI field in Spring Season 2016 0, 0% 8,180,000 VND (38%) 1,200,000 VND (6%)11,900,000 VND (56%) Variety Fertilizer Pesticide Labor
  17. 17. Key learnings  Select the experiments to solve the problems in the locations: e.g., transplanting density or seeding rates for broadcasted rice. Almost all experiments and SRI demonstration fields will give high yields and reduced expenses so the farmers and local leaders are interested and support the project.  Selecting fields for experiments should be according to the purpose of experiment.
  18. 18.  Better preparation is needed before implementing field experiment including selecting farmers, selecting fields, selecting and layout of experiments and defining the survey methods.  The groups should be ready to deal with severe weather conditions as flooding, drought, pest and disease occurrence. Key learning (cont.)
  19. 19.  District Trainers should be equipped with enough knowledge as to be able to explain to farmers about problems faced during the implementation of the field experiments.  It is a must to keep records in the Field Diary on the basic data to calculate productivity, benefits and other things related rice production.  Select core farmers with good technical knowledge and experience. The model using core groups of farmers to support Farmer Trainers and District Trainers can be used to convince local leaders and other farmers in the community about the SRI project. Key learning (cont.)
  20. 20.  The application of one or all of the SRI principles will depend on the local conditions.  To help farmers apply SRI practices and principles, we need to enhance their knowledge and change their attitudes (i.e., about old practices). On the other hand, we also need to change the thinking of the government technical staff and managers and lobby for support from local leaders.  The main local rice varieties should be used for the experiments.  Select farmers who have NOT participated in FPARs in the previous seasons. Key learning (cont.)
  21. 21. C. Recommendation for future activities  Local authorities should focus on directing and guiding farmers to apply the SRI on a large scale.  Continue to implement field experiments to evaluate the programme's results and to encourage farmers to participate.  The European Union and AIT should provide funding to expand SRI on other crops (peanut, soybean, corn, etc.).
  22. 22. D. Work Plan for the year 2017 • Farmers' Participatory Action Research (FPAR) in 2 provinces (24 FPARs) • Carry out Study on Women and Landless during implement FPARs • National Review and Planning workshop • Local Management Unit Meeting
  23. 23. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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