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Existing and evolving platform for farmers
participatory action research with reference to SRI-
LMB
PRABHAT KUMAR
Regional...
Presentation scheme
Understanding Participatory Action Research using local innovation
platform
How PAR is being implement...
Understanding Participatory Action Research
PAR (Participatory Action Research)
Many divergent views on how PAR fits into agriculture
But broader agreement that
PAR i...
Action Research is cyclic
The PAR process is characterized by iterative
planning-action-reflection cycles (German et al.,
...
What is PAR
Peter Reason and Hilary Bradbury:
“A participatory, democratic process that seeks to bring together
action and...
Substitution versus complementarity
In traditional research, the researcher is an external observer who
proposes theories,...
Local Innovation Platforms
Establishment of LIPs at provincial level are integral part of SRI LMB with
the two broader pur...
PAR in SRI LMB Design
PAR in SRI LMB
Main vehicle of engagement with rice smallholders
Selected Smart Farmers are trained in a season-long 4 int...
Schematic Representation
Farmer Participatory Action Research
CFPAR
District
DistrictDistrict
1st FPAR,
2 FT
2nd FPAR,
2 F...
PAR implementation (First cycle)
Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam
5-6 meetings need
based
Planned to be 5-6
meeting based wi...
FPAR implementation (first cycle)
Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam
RCBD
experimental
design with 4
replications
CFPAR – RCBD...
FPAR implementation (first cycle)
Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam
Staff drop out created
confusion among
farmers
Lesson fro...
Evolution of the concept
What is evolving
Researcher focused to Need
and capacity focused
First cycle FPAR was thoroughly reviewed and
changes are ...
What is evolving
Area of experiment – from smaller (e.g. 4x4x4 = 64 sq. meter) to
1600 sq meter (to build confidence on re...
Suggestions for improvement
Lean and need based learning and research focus
How :
Problem identification and establishment...
Suggestions for improvement
Institutionalization of the gains made at LIPs
Involvement of other projects, partners, busine...
Summary
Summary
Action research started with good beginning and evolving to cater
local needs
Continued interest from smallholders...
Thank you
Visit us:
http://www.sri-lmb.ait.asia/
SRI-LMB Online
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Existing and evolving platform for farmers participatory action research with reference to SRI-LMB - Dr. Prabhat Kumar

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Existing and evolving platform for farmers participatory action research with reference to SRI-LMB

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Existing and evolving platform for farmers participatory action research with reference to SRI-LMB - Dr. Prabhat Kumar

  1. 1. Existing and evolving platform for farmers participatory action research with reference to SRI- LMB PRABHAT KUMAR Regional Review and Planning Workshop 02-03 June, 2015 City Angkor Hotel, Siem Reap, Cambodia
  2. 2. Presentation scheme Understanding Participatory Action Research using local innovation platform How PAR is being implemented in all countries Is it evolving? Points for reflections Take home message
  3. 3. Understanding Participatory Action Research
  4. 4. PAR (Participatory Action Research) Many divergent views on how PAR fits into agriculture But broader agreement that PAR is participatory, inclusive and in essence could act as bridge for a range of stakeholders for a common cause
  5. 5. Action Research is cyclic The PAR process is characterized by iterative planning-action-reflection cycles (German et al., 2008) that often result in identification of local capacity limitations for which external forms of support are necessary (e.g. knowledge, technologies and financial resources). The SRI LMB design therefore recognized such PAR attributes as critical for building adaptive capacity of farming communities
  6. 6. What is PAR Peter Reason and Hilary Bradbury: “A participatory, democratic process that seeks to bring together action and reflection, theory and practice, in participation with others, in the pursuit of practical solutions to issues of pressing concern to people in their communities.” It is a learning process that focuses on learning by planning, doing, observing and reflecting. Provides opportunity for developing location specific technological suits using SRI principles Not Dogmatic rather Pragmatic (What is possible and what is not??)
  7. 7. Substitution versus complementarity In traditional research, the researcher is an external observer who proposes theories, while in participatory action research (PAR) the “objects of research”, or the community, are integral parts of the research as they generate their own living theory of practice. Participatory action research claims that this methodology “researches with, rather than on, people” In reality both are needed Complementarity
  8. 8. Local Innovation Platforms Establishment of LIPs at provincial level are integral part of SRI LMB with the two broader purpose: - stimulating learning for innovation, and - transforming the context so that the gains made from learning can be institutionalized
  9. 9. PAR in SRI LMB Design
  10. 10. PAR in SRI LMB Main vehicle of engagement with rice smallholders Selected Smart Farmers are trained in a season-long 4 intensive training of trainers in problem identification, prioritization, utilizing problems to develop locally appropriate research protocol or demonstrations, develop objectively verifiable plant growth and development and economical observation points, share the results and ideas with their communities In reality the FPPARs are being implemented differently in all 4 countries owing to varied capacities and experiences of the project management units and other stakeholders
  11. 11. Schematic Representation Farmer Participatory Action Research CFPAR District DistrictDistrict 1st FPAR, 2 FT 2nd FPAR, 2 FT 3rd FPAR, 2 FT 4th FPAR, 2 FT 4th FPAR, 2 FT 1st FPAR, 2 FT 2nd FPAR, 2 FT 3rd FPAR, 2 FT 1st FPAR, 2 FT 2nd FPAR, 2 FT 4th FPAR, 2 FT 3rd FPAR, 2 FT
  12. 12. PAR implementation (First cycle) Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam 5-6 meetings need based Planned to be 5-6 meeting based with some additional learning sessions 13 meetings FFS based FFS based Majority of single factor experiments and some full set of SRI Majority of single factor experiments and some full set of SRI Lean curricula focusing on project objectives and local needs Broader curricula included many areas may or may not be relevant for the location
  13. 13. FPAR implementation (first cycle) Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam RCBD experimental design with 4 replications CFPAR – RCBD 9n 4 reps RCBD experimental design with 4 replications CFPAR – RCBD 9n 4 reps CFPAR and FPAR organized in diff. time Same time Preparatory activities undertaken well in advance Parallel to CFPAR preparatory activities undertaken Systematic observation Need more backstopping
  14. 14. FPAR implementation (first cycle) Thailand Laos Cambodia Vietnam Staff drop out created confusion among farmers Lesson from other should be taken into account Adequate backstopping to CFPAR. Better backstopping needed form PMU to FPARs Fewer backstopping form PCU to CFPAR Higher yield and income observed FTs and PMU need to take all experience into account on observations Yield and income increased Rainfed areas farmers are committed and this year more PAR are being planned
  15. 15. Evolution of the concept
  16. 16. What is evolving Researcher focused to Need and capacity focused First cycle FPAR was thoroughly reviewed and changes are planned for second cycle implementation
  17. 17. What is evolving Area of experiment – from smaller (e.g. 4x4x4 = 64 sq. meter) to 1600 sq meter (to build confidence on results obtained) The single plot will be considered one replication for detail analysis For local comparison – observation will be made form nearby field with similar method of plant establishment and variety (agronomic and economic observation) Simplified and need-based data sheets Farmers are locally adapting SRI in their own ways (LMU and PMU loosening itself) like Line sowing by Kubota machines in Thailand, developing SRI Organic and SRI GAP
  18. 18. Suggestions for improvement Lean and need based learning and research focus How : Problem identification and establishment in a village and consensus on it as research issue Critically evaluating the curricula and weeding out ‘imaginary issues’ Encouraging framers to apply the SRI principle in their own way and at the same time making sure that they understand reasons Critically evaluating areas where cost-cuts are possible or rationalization of input use is possible e.g. Fertilizer applications
  19. 19. Suggestions for improvement Institutionalization of the gains made at LIPs Involvement of other projects, partners, business organizations (marketing) Enabling policy environment Integration with local government efforts and work plan alignment Creating niche for economic sustainability Inclusive for all women and men farmers
  20. 20. Summary
  21. 21. Summary Action research started with good beginning and evolving to cater local needs Continued interest from smallholders in rainfed areas Continuous review and evolution of action research and stakeholders needed New and niche product ensuring economic sustainability Regular communication among various stakeholders to learn and exchange Active participation and learning sharing and exchange with policy makers for institutionalization of Innovation Platform
  22. 22. Thank you Visit us: http://www.sri-lmb.ait.asia/ SRI-LMB Online

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