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Improving and Scaling
Up SRI in West Africa
Erika Styger and Devon Jenkins
SRI-Rice, Cornell University
Regional Review an...
Extension and Adoption of SRI in 2015
55 countries in 2015, 8-10 million farmers on 3.5 million hectares in 2013 or
2% of ...
SRI-WAAPP SRI-LMB
Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa
• 1st Phase of a 3 year project;
• January 2014 – December 2...
Climate
• Tropical
• Highly variable rainfall = < 200mm in north to > 4,500 mm in SE / SW
Rice production systems
• Predom...
Rice production in Africa
(South of Sahara)
64%
32%
3%
1%
West Africa
Eastern Africa
Central Africa
Southern Africa
Each d...
1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006
Rice production and consumption
in SSA from 1961-2006
Production
Consump...
SRI In West Africa since 2001
• Benin 2001: 1 farmer, Echo intern: SRI 7.5t/ha
• The Gambia 2002-2005: Research with farme...
Improving and Scaling Up SRI in
West Africa
• Regional commissioned project to increase rice
productivity in 13 ECOWAS cou...
Improving and Scaling Up SRI
in West Africa
• Part of the West Africa Agriculture Productivity Program
(WAAPP)
• Funded by...
• National WAAPP coordination
• National Facilitator, housed at the SRI-WAAPP Focal
Institution
• SRI Champions (can be an...
French speaking
English speaking
Countries involved in SRI-WAAPP
CNS-Riz (Mali) SRI-Rice
• Technical support
• Methodology development
• M&E planning / implementation
• Training
• Materia...
Objectives and expected results
General objective:
• Food security improved
Specific objective:
• Rice productivity and co...
Objectives and expected results
• Results
2. Appropriate innovations (equipment and/or best
practices) for SRI developed, ...
Technical approach
Samuel Bimba, with his SRI field in Liberia, 2014
Climatic and agro-ecological zones
of the project
Arid < 75 d
Semi-arid 75-180 d
Semi-humid 180-270 d
Humid > 270 d
Growin...
Major rice cropping systems
Source AfricaRice, 2010
System of Rice Intensification
A. Early and healthy
plant establishment
C. Build fertile soils
rich in organic
matter and ...
System of Rice Intensification
A. Early and healthy
plant establishment
C. Build fertile soils
rich in organic matter
and ...
SRI-WAAPP Manual (Year 1)
60 pages
Adapted manuals by climate zone
and rice cropping system
• Templates developed by
SRI-Rice
• System’s Characterization:
– ...
Adapted manuals for technicians
1-2 pages for each technical step
Adapted manuals for farmers
Shorter sections, picture based, local languages
- M&E system tracking
- Field technicians and
farmers contribute to data collection
- Information instantly and publicly a...
www.sriwestafrica.org
www.sriafriqueouest.org
SRI Activities 2014 :Training and field sites
Improving and Scaling up SRI i...
‘Story Maps’ with
ESRI (makers of
ArcGIS) –
publicly accessible,
narrative websites
that explain and
illustrate the projec...
Communications
www.sriafriqueouest.org
www.sriwestafrica.org
Project websiteNewsletter
Innovation Notes
Advocacy Notes
(in pdf and print)...
Thank You!
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Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa: Insights from a regional, 13-country project - Dr. Erika Styger

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Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa: Insights from a regional, 13-country project

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Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa: Insights from a regional, 13-country project - Dr. Erika Styger

  1. 1. Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa Erika Styger and Devon Jenkins SRI-Rice, Cornell University Regional Review and Planning Workshop, SRI Lower Mekong River Basin project Siem Reap, Cambodia, 2-3 June, 2015 Insights from a regional, 13-country project
  2. 2. Extension and Adoption of SRI in 2015 55 countries in 2015, 8-10 million farmers on 3.5 million hectares in 2013 or 2% of global rice area
  3. 3. SRI-WAAPP SRI-LMB Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa • 1st Phase of a 3 year project; • January 2014 – December 2016
  4. 4. Climate • Tropical • Highly variable rainfall = < 200mm in north to > 4,500 mm in SE / SW Rice production systems • Predominantly rainfed upland (yields 1-1.5 t/ha) and rainfed lowland (yields 2- 4 t/ha) • Irrigated rice predominant in the northern zones (yields 4-12 t/ha) • Mangrove and swamp systems in more humid zones • O. glaberrima domesticated in Mali ≈ 3,500 years ago Cultural • Heterogeneous • 340 million people • 500+ local languages • Largely Muslim in the north, Christian in the south West Africa Overview
  5. 5. Rice production in Africa (South of Sahara) 64% 32% 3% 1% West Africa Eastern Africa Central Africa Southern Africa Each dot represents 20,000 tons Data: FAO Rice production 2006 64% of rice is produced in West Africa Nigeria, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali Ref: Warda (2008) Africa rice trends 2007
  6. 6. 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 Rice production and consumption in SSA from 1961-2006 Production Consumption 40% importedConsumption rate increase yearly 6.3% (2000-2007) Production rate increase yearly 3.7% (1996-2006) Production increase through cropping area extension, as yields stagnate
  7. 7. SRI In West Africa since 2001 • Benin 2001: 1 farmer, Echo intern: SRI 7.5t/ha • The Gambia 2002-2005: Research with farmers: SRI 5.4-8.3 t/ha • Guinea 2003: Chinese research with hybrids: 9 t/ha • Senegal 2003-2009: Rodale Institute; Dissertation with WARDA • Sierra Leone 2004: World vision, USAID, CRS:: SRI 5.3t/ha vs 2.5t/ha • Burkina 2006: 6 farmers: SRI 7t/ha vs 3.5t/ha • Mali: 2007-2012 : 3 projects, 6 regions, > 1000 farmers • Since 2010: regional trainings by Mali projects in Nigeria, Senegal, Ghana, Benin, Togo http://sri.ciifad.cornell.edu
  8. 8. Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa • Regional commissioned project to increase rice productivity in 13 ECOWAS countries • Project developed through participatory process over 1.5 years with representatives from research, extension, farmers from 13 countries – First workshop in Ouagadougou, July 2012 – Second workshop in Saly, Senegal, July 2013 – Launching of project Porto Novo, Benin, February 2014
  9. 9. Improving and Scaling Up SRI in West Africa • Part of the West Africa Agriculture Productivity Program (WAAPP) • Funded by the World Bank • Steered by Central and West African Council for Agricultural Research and Development (CORAF/WECARD) • Regional coordination for implementation: – Institute Economie Rural (IER) National Center for Specialization on Rice (CNS-Rice), Mali; – SRI-Rice Center from Cornell University is principal technical partner • Each country has its own implementation plan and funding for implementation
  10. 10. • National WAAPP coordination • National Facilitator, housed at the SRI-WAAPP Focal Institution • SRI Champions (can be anyone: farmers, technicians etc) SRI-WAAPP organizational structure (NY, USA) CORAF CNS-Riz Funded by the World Bank
  11. 11. French speaking English speaking Countries involved in SRI-WAAPP
  12. 12. CNS-Riz (Mali) SRI-Rice • Technical support • Methodology development • M&E planning / implementation • Training • Material development • Technical, M&E, Communications • Co-facilitating workshops • Connect project partners to SRI networks in 50+ countries • Coordination • Logistics • Regional planning • Co-facilitating workshops • Primary point of contact for National Facilitators • Primary point of contact for WAAPP • Coordinates with CORAF/WECARD and World Bank Regional Coordination Unit
  13. 13. Objectives and expected results General objective: • Food security improved Specific objective: • Rice productivity and competitiveness improved in targeted areas – Number of farmers, SRI land area, yields, income (conv-SRI) Results 1. Human and institutional capacities of stakeholders in the SRI value chain in West Africa strengthened • Trainings, institutions become active in SRI
  14. 14. Objectives and expected results • Results 2. Appropriate innovations (equipment and/or best practices) for SRI developed, scaled up, and adopted in West Africa • Innovations developed, disseminated and adopted 3. SRI stakeholders’ demand for knowledge and decision-making options facilitated and met • Knowledge products produced and disseminated • SRI integration in rice innovation platforms 4. Efficient mechanisms and tools of coordination, management and M&E of the project established http://sri.ciifad.cornell.edu
  15. 15. Technical approach Samuel Bimba, with his SRI field in Liberia, 2014
  16. 16. Climatic and agro-ecological zones of the project Arid < 75 d Semi-arid 75-180 d Semi-humid 180-270 d Humid > 270 d Growing period Climate
  17. 17. Major rice cropping systems Source AfricaRice, 2010
  18. 18. System of Rice Intensification A. Early and healthy plant establishment C. Build fertile soils rich in organic matter and soil biota D. Mange water carefully, avoid flooding &water stress  Soil preparation  Seed treatment/pre- germination  Raised bed nursery  Transplanting: • At 2 leave stage, 8- 12 days old - or -  Direct seeding: • Precision seeding (at 1 or 2 plants/hill) Reduce plant density  1 plant/hill - and -  Increase spacing between plants (25cm x 25cm or more), planted in a grid  Mechanical weeding  Fertilize with organic matter and add chemical fertilizer if needed: • Manure/compost • Cover crop / green manure • Crop residues  Incorporate OM or combine SRI with Conservation Agriculture  Land preparation: Leveling, bunding, application or organic matter  Non flooded conditions during the vegetative period Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) – or - Bunding, additional irrigation or drainage Principles SRI Practices Indicative and to adapt Methodology Conceptual Framework B. Minimize competition between plants (Styger and Jenkins, 2014)
  19. 19. System of Rice Intensification A. Early and healthy plant establishment C. Build fertile soils rich in organic matter and soil biota D. Mange water carefully, avoid flooding &water stress Principles SRI Practices Methodology Conceptual Framework B. Minimize competition between plants SRI practices Climate: Arid - Semi-arid - Semi-humid - Humid Irrigated system SRI practices SRI practices SRI practices Upland system Lowland system Other systems, e.g. mangrove, deep-water rice etc
  20. 20. SRI-WAAPP Manual (Year 1) 60 pages
  21. 21. Adapted manuals by climate zone and rice cropping system • Templates developed by SRI-Rice • System’s Characterization: – Rice system – Crop Growing Periods – Water availability for rice production – Others • Developed by Countries in Year 2
  22. 22. Adapted manuals for technicians 1-2 pages for each technical step
  23. 23. Adapted manuals for farmers Shorter sections, picture based, local languages
  24. 24. - M&E system tracking - Field technicians and farmers contribute to data collection - Information instantly and publicly available - Android Survey App – Available offline, for tablets, smartphones and laptop / desktop computers Launch of pilot in West Africa June 2015 Data collection Online data collection and mapping platform
  25. 25. www.sriwestafrica.org www.sriafriqueouest.org SRI Activities 2014 :Training and field sites Improving and Scaling up SRI in West Africa
  26. 26. ‘Story Maps’ with ESRI (makers of ArcGIS) – publicly accessible, narrative websites that explain and illustrate the project with interactive multimedia components New tools in development
  27. 27. Communications
  28. 28. www.sriafriqueouest.org www.sriwestafrica.org Project websiteNewsletter Innovation Notes Advocacy Notes (in pdf and print) Closed facebook group WhatsApp SRI-WAAPP Regional Communication
  29. 29. Thank You!

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