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Sustaining and Enhancing the Momentum for
Innovation and Learning around the System of Rice
Intensification (SRI) in the L...
2
3
Welcome
to LAOS
Project Background
• National Inception Workshop 16-17 June 2014
• Project was endorsed by MAF on 24 July 2014
• Forced to...
Project Coordinator
• At Central level:
1. Dr Somnuck Thirasack DDG of DAEC is appointed to be National
Project Director
2...
Organization chart
DAEC
PAFO
DAFO
Farmers
Project Management Unit
Provincial Management Unit
District Management Unit
SRI ...
District Province
1 Vangvieng
Vientiane2 Fouang
3 Meun
4 Nakay
Khammouan5 Yommalat
6 Mahaxay
7 Songkhone
Savannakhet8 Cham...
Activities (Project Document)
1) Setting of Project structure (PMU, LMU),
Project management and Inception workshop,
Proje...
Work Plan of SRI LMB Project
1. Formulation of CFPAR, FPAR
2. Planning stage
3. Technical implementation (4 intensive
trai...
SRI Principles
• Early, quick and healthy plant establishment (young
age of seedling)
• Reduced plant density (spacing)
• ...
Agricultural strategy 2016-2020
1. Food security
2. Agricultural commodity
3. Sustaining forest and natural resources
mana...
Some main DAEC strategy
• Promote sustainable appropriate technique, and
technology to grow crop and livestock husbandry
•...
Establishment CFPAR in Dry season for Fiscal
Year 2014-2015
Criteria CFPAR site selection
• Locate at central of three se...
Plan of CFPAR Activities in Dry season
Date Activities
27-28 January 2015 1st intensive ToT preparation
of seedling, trans...
Establishment FCPAR in dry season 2014
 Farmer Criteria selection
1. Enthusiastic rice farmers and engaging in rice farmi...
1st CFPAR location in Vientiane Province
CFPAR
Foung
district
Vangvieng
District
10 Farmers
10 Farmers10 Farmers
2nd CFPAR location in Khammouan Province
CFPAR
Mahaxay
district
Yommalat
District
10 Farmers
10 Farmers10 Farmers
3rd CFPAR location in Savannakhet Province
CFPAR
Sonnabouly
district
Songkhone
District
10 Farmers
10 Farmers 10 Farmers
Farmer Participatory Action Research
CFPAR
District1
District
2
District
3
1st FPAR,
2 FT
2nd FPAR,
2 FT
3rd FPAR,
2 FT
4t...
Progress of SRI LMB
in Lao PDR
• Completed Inception Workshop, organized in
Thalat Vientiane Province 16-17 June 2014
− St...
Progress of SRI Project (cont.)
• One CFPAR is establishing in Fouang district,
Vientiane Province,
• The first CFPAR inte...
Progress of SRI Project (cont.)
1. Comparing SRI and Farmer’s practice with bio-fertilizer,
2. Comparing SRI and Farmer’s ...
Key learning from CFPAR
• Basic technical theory on SRI principle,
• experimentation on SRI and Farmer practice
comparison...
Materials supporting from Project
• Computer desktop 3 sets for three Provinces
• Computer laptop 2 sets for PMU Coordinat...
Baseline Survey conducted in December 2015
(Picture from, Nakai district, Khammouan
Province)
Typical rice field in dry se...
The 1st CFPAR intensive training
Transplanting rice in experiment plot
Central Farmer Participatory Action Research
CFPAR
Farmer Field School
CFPAR
The 4th CFPAR intensive training, Fouang district,
Vientaine Province May 2015
Data collection at the harvest stage
Some natural enemy of rice found during the experiments
Golden snails at transplanting stage
Insects, stem borer
birds
Comparison baseline and SRI experiment
80
30
56 14 2
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
seed rate per ha seed age no of tiller p...
Comparison baseline and SRI experiment
2.5
3.9
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
Baseline SRI
yield per ha
yield per ha
CFPAR graduation for Farmer Trainers in Fouang district,
Vientaine Province on 3rd May 2015
CFPAR Certificates handover ce...
Way forward
• Conduct Two CFPARs in both Provinces
Khammouan and Savannakhet with two
experiments of each to train 60 Farm...
Experiment design
SRI
25 cm x 25 cm
SRI
25 cm x 25 cm
SRI
25 cm x 25 cm
SRI
25 cm x 25 cm
FP
20 cm x 20 cm
FP
20 cm x 20 c...
Plan for rainy season 2015
Activities Semester 1 Semester 2 Output Budget/
resources
Person
responsibility
months
4 5 6 7 ...
SWOT analysis
Strengths:
 Clear Government policy to support SRI project regarding
capacity building, transfer technique ...
Thank you
ຂອບໃຈ
Mr Touan, the best Farmer
Trainer during conduct
CFPAR, from Meun district
Consultation/Discussion
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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Laos) - Mr. Phatnakhone Khanthamixay

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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Laos)

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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Laos) - Mr. Phatnakhone Khanthamixay

  1. 1. Sustaining and Enhancing the Momentum for Innovation and Learning around the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the Lower Mekong River Basin Presented by SRI-LMB Project team Lao PDR: •Dr. Somnuek Thirasack DDG of DAEC • Mr. Phatnakhone Khanthamixay PMU Coordinator • Mr. Kongsy Xayavong National Training Expert Regional Review and Planning Workshop, date 2-3 June 2015, Siem Reap, Cambodia Progress Report and Planning of SRI Project
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 3 Welcome to LAOS
  4. 4. Project Background • National Inception Workshop 16-17 June 2014 • Project was endorsed by MAF on 24 July 2014 • Forced to an agreement between DAEC and FAO Lao in August 2014 • Implementation stage (conduct CFPAR and prepare for the FPARs in coming rainy season
  5. 5. Project Coordinator • At Central level: 1. Dr Somnuck Thirasack DDG of DAEC is appointed to be National Project Director 2. Mr. Phatnakhone Khanthamixay Project Management Unit Coordinator 3. Mr Kongsy Sayavong Training Expert • At Provincial level: • Vientiane Province: 1. Mr Chansamone Douangdara PC 2. Mr. Phongsit Vongkhounsy Fouang DC 3. Mr Khamphai Sivannalom Muen DC 4. Ms Moukdavanh Chanthavong Vangvieng DC • Khammouan Province: 1. Ms Khamphert Vonglatthana PC 2. Ms Onekeo Homsombath Mahaxay DC 3. Mr Souk khien Khounphengmouang Yommalat DC 4. Mr Phetvilay Onexaysy Nakay DC • Savannakhet Province: 1. Mr Chanlakhone Xayalath PC 2. Mr Mixay Khoutthavong Champhone DC 3. Ms Ammone Chanthalacksa Sonnabouly DC 4. Mr Khanya Zanoulath Songkhone DC
  6. 6. Organization chart DAEC PAFO DAFO Farmers Project Management Unit Provincial Management Unit District Management Unit SRI LMB Project CFPAR/FPAR
  7. 7. District Province 1 Vangvieng Vientiane2 Fouang 3 Meun 4 Nakay Khammouan5 Yommalat 6 Mahaxay 7 Songkhone Savannakhet8 Champhone 9 Sonnabouly 4 6 Sustaining and Enhancing the Momentum for Innovation and Learning around the System of Rice Intensification (GCP/RAS/288/AIT) 2 3 Nakay district Yommalat district Mahaxay district Vangvieng district Fouang district Meun district Sonnabouly district Champhone district Songkhone district
  8. 8. Activities (Project Document) 1) Setting of Project structure (PMU, LMU), Project management and Inception workshop, Project Steering Committee 2) Set up and conduct CFPAR (ToT, PRA, Site selection, Farmer selection, baseline survey, designing CFPAR, curricula, field day, review of CFPAR 3) Conduct FPAR 4) Monitoring, Evaluation, Impact study 5) Documentation 6) Link learning with National Extension System and with wide audience 7) AR4D (Partnership,…)
  9. 9. Work Plan of SRI LMB Project 1. Formulation of CFPAR, FPAR 2. Planning stage 3. Technical implementation (4 intensive training of Trainers in dry season 4. Monitoring and Evaluation of field measurement and observation 5. Reporting
  10. 10. SRI Principles • Early, quick and healthy plant establishment (young age of seedling) • Reduced plant density (spacing) • Effect of single seedling • Improved soil conditions through enrichment with organic matter • Reduced and controlled water application • Reduce cost SRI methodology is based on four main principles that interact with each other
  11. 11. Agricultural strategy 2016-2020 1. Food security 2. Agricultural commodity 3. Sustaining forest and natural resources management
  12. 12. Some main DAEC strategy • Promote sustainable appropriate technique, and technology to grow crop and livestock husbandry • Strengthening farmer group, farmer association, cooperatives • Promote small and medium agricultural business and enterprise • Promote Agricultural mechanization, shift from traditional into modernization • Human resources development (extension worker, village technician, farmers) • Farmer capacity building through training, demonstration, exchange visit, farmer to farmer learning, etc…
  13. 13. Establishment CFPAR in Dry season for Fiscal Year 2014-2015 Criteria CFPAR site selection • Locate at central of three selected district area • Sufficient water supply from Irrigation system • Voluntary farmers, and has an interest to explore SRI system to their own farm • Good of Road accessible and transportation • Provide an adequate resource to set up experiment to support training even, facility for meeting/workshop • Strong support of local authority
  14. 14. Plan of CFPAR Activities in Dry season Date Activities 27-28 January 2015 1st intensive ToT preparation of seedling, transplanting 23-24 March 2015 2nd intensive ToT at tillering stage 20-21 April 2015 3rd intensive ToT at 50% of flowering stage 12-13 May 2015 4th intensive ToT at harvest stage Not yet Field-Day visit and Planning for FPAR
  15. 15. Establishment FCPAR in dry season 2014  Farmer Criteria selection 1. Enthusiastic rice farmers and engaging in rice farming, have an access to supplementary irrigation water supply 2. Strong interest of farmers to participate the project activities, especially the Farmer Field School 3. Has a strong will to learn and share experience/knowledge/know-how from participation to activities 4. Willing to apply learning from project to their own farm 5. Growing rice per year and owning their own land 6. Basic communication and literacy skill, but unlettered are welcome to participate the CFPAR 7. As a objective a mix of 50:50 men and women participation the project activities
  16. 16. 1st CFPAR location in Vientiane Province CFPAR Foung district Vangvieng District 10 Farmers 10 Farmers10 Farmers
  17. 17. 2nd CFPAR location in Khammouan Province CFPAR Mahaxay district Yommalat District 10 Farmers 10 Farmers10 Farmers
  18. 18. 3rd CFPAR location in Savannakhet Province CFPAR Sonnabouly district Songkhone District 10 Farmers 10 Farmers 10 Farmers
  19. 19. Farmer Participatory Action Research CFPAR District1 District 2 District 3 1st FPAR, 2 FT 2nd FPAR, 2 FT 3rd FPAR, 2 FT 4th FPAR, 2 FT 4th FPAR, 2 FT 1st FPAR, 2 FT 2nd FPAR, 2 FT 3rd FPAR, 2 FT 1st FPAR, 2 FT 2nd FPAR, 2 FT 4th FPAR, 2 FT 3rd FPAR, 2 FT
  20. 20. Progress of SRI LMB in Lao PDR • Completed Inception Workshop, organized in Thalat Vientiane Province 16-17 June 2014 − Steering Committee − Acceptance new Project sites (three Provinces Vientiane, Khammouan and Savannakhet) − Three Districts of each Province were selected as follow: − Vientiane Province: Vang Vieng, Fouang, and Meun Districts. − Khammiuan Province: Nakay, Yommalat and Mahaxay districts − Savannakhet Province: Songkhone, Champhone, and Sonnabouly districts.
  21. 21. Progress of SRI Project (cont.) • One CFPAR is establishing in Fouang district, Vientiane Province, • The first CFPAR intensive training on 27-28 January 2015 at the transplanting stage, • The second CFPAR intensive training conducted on 23-24 March 2015 at the tillering stage, • The third CFPAR intensive training conducted on 20-21 March 2015 at flowering stage, • The fourth CFPAR intensive training conducted on 12-13 May 2015 at harvest stage.
  22. 22. Progress of SRI Project (cont.) 1. Comparing SRI and Farmer’s practice with bio-fertilizer, 2. Comparing SRI and Farmer’s practice with chemical fertilizer, 3. Comparing farmer’s saved variety with 15 cm x 15 cm spacing and improved variety with 25 cm x 25 cm spacing, 4. Comparing effects of spacing or improved variety with difference spacing 25 cm x 25 cm and 15 cm x 15 cm, 5. Comparing the effects of different soil types and different soil water condition on rice plant growth. Five experiments were set up to train 30 Farmer Trainers
  23. 23. Key learning from CFPAR • Basic technical theory on SRI principle, • experimentation on SRI and Farmer practice comparison, • data collection and analysis, • calculation of cost-benefit ratio. • For the technical detail of field learning element are included: No. of Tillers/hill, plant height, no. of panicle per m2, grain, 1000 grain weight and yield calculation.
  24. 24. Materials supporting from Project • Computer desktop 3 sets for three Provinces • Computer laptop 2 sets for PMU Coordinator and National Training Expert • WIFI internet adapter
  25. 25. Baseline Survey conducted in December 2015 (Picture from, Nakai district, Khammouan Province) Typical rice field in dry season Baseline survey, woman contributed her priority problem on rice
  26. 26. The 1st CFPAR intensive training Transplanting rice in experiment plot
  27. 27. Central Farmer Participatory Action Research CFPAR
  28. 28. Farmer Field School CFPAR
  29. 29. The 4th CFPAR intensive training, Fouang district, Vientaine Province May 2015 Data collection at the harvest stage
  30. 30. Some natural enemy of rice found during the experiments Golden snails at transplanting stage Insects, stem borer birds
  31. 31. Comparison baseline and SRI experiment 80 30 56 14 2 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 seed rate per ha seed age no of tiller per hiill Baseline SRI seedling age No. of seedlings per hill
  32. 32. Comparison baseline and SRI experiment 2.5 3.9 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Baseline SRI yield per ha yield per ha
  33. 33. CFPAR graduation for Farmer Trainers in Fouang district, Vientaine Province on 3rd May 2015 CFPAR Certificates handover ceremony, honor by DAFO head
  34. 34. Way forward • Conduct Two CFPARs in both Provinces Khammouan and Savannakhet with two experiments of each to train 60 Farmers Trainers before starting FPARs in coming rainy season. • To set up 36 FPARs group with 2 Farmer Trainers of each to conduct 288 FPARs experiments plus 36 full SRI plots • Farmer Field Days in October 2015 • National Workshop On November 2015 • Reporting
  35. 35. Experiment design SRI 25 cm x 25 cm SRI 25 cm x 25 cm SRI 25 cm x 25 cm SRI 25 cm x 25 cm FP 20 cm x 20 cm FP 20 cm x 20 cm FP 20 cm x 20 cm FP 20 cm x 20 cm One FPAR is designed to implement one experiment with one or two factors under 8 replication experiment plus one full SRI with an area at least one Rai 1,600 m2
  36. 36. Plan for rainy season 2015 Activities Semester 1 Semester 2 Output Budget/ resources Person responsibility months 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 CFPAR in Khammouna FPAR to educate 30 farmer trainers 9,400 Mr. Kongsy Ms Khampheuth CFPAR in Savannakhet FPAR to educate 30 farmer trainers 9,600 Mr. Phatnakhone Mr. Chanlakhone FPAR in three provinces 288 FPARs to train 900 farmers 30,896.64 LMUs+PMU Farmer Field Day 80 people for two provinces 2,000 All stakeholders National Workshop 31 people attending workshop, reporting, planning on SRI, lesson learn 3,200 PMU, LMU, stakeholders Reporting Documentation on SRI PMU, LMU Office management cost Performance service 3,520 PMU+LMU Total: 58,616.64
  37. 37. SWOT analysis Strengths:  Clear Government policy to support SRI project regarding capacity building, transfer technique and technology on rice production to farmers  Of around 80% of total agricultural rice cultivated land in the country are rainfed  Farmers participation and interest to the project is high  Farmers have a good soil to do experiments  Qualified SRI experiment can be disseminated through Lao extension approach to other farmers’  Opportunity to get new seed variety through experiments  Government supporting, technical advisory, follow up from project team (FAO, AIT) Weakness:  Wide nation traditional habit in rice cultivation,  It is challenging to transfer new technique and technology due to low education of rural farmers, some of them are unlettered  Lack of trained person  Lack of skill and capacity of local trainers,  Limitation of providing data for analyzing constraint and problem because lack of recorded data  Soil infertile in some places  Shortage of water in dry season, and lack of small irrigation scheme for water supply when needed in hilly areas. Opportunity:  It is chance for local farmers to learn new know-how, technology to increase their rice productivities, make income generation,  Farmer Field School based action research provides learning opportunity for farmers to learn new technique and technology, share experiences, and adapt new idea from others to improve their current status  To motivate and mobilize group dynamics among farmers (sharing, discussion to find the way and resolution to manage their resources at rice farm,  Using less water, less seed and less chemical fertilizer, reduce production cost. Threat:  Explanation on SRI is needed for Government Officers for more understanding on SRI technique,  Farmer field school is really need to educate farmers, and local district Officers as well,  Farmer exchange visit is needed to bright people to understand about SRI,  Convincing all stakeholders about SRI need time and strong effort (and nothing better than documenting and sharing results at local and national workshops which is part and parcel of project design)  Build capacity not only production technique but also post- harvest, and marketing  Group dynamics (farmer skill improvement)
  38. 38. Thank you ຂອບໃຈ Mr Touan, the best Farmer Trainer during conduct CFPAR, from Meun district
  39. 39. Consultation/Discussion

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