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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle - Mr. Kong Kea

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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle (Cambodia)

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Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle - Mr. Kong Kea

  1. 1. Regional Review and Planning Workshop for SRI-LMB Project 02-03 June 2015, Siem Reap province, Cambodia Prepared by Mr. Kong Kea, the Project Coordinator
  2. 2. Sustaining and Enhancing the Momentum for Innovation and Learning around the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the Lower Mekong River Basin (SRI-LMB) Hosted by ACISAI Center, AIT in partnership with Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Cambodia SRI-LMB THIS PROJECT IS FUNDED BY THE EUROPEAN UNION A PROJECT IMPLEMETED BY ASIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, THAILAND
  3. 3. Project Goal Enhance rainfed smallholder farmers’ capacity confronting climate change sustainably by applying SRI through Participatory Action Research in order to improve food security, income and occupational health status. To contribute to enhance resilience of rainfed farmers of LMB region confronting climate change Increased crop yield, productivity and profitability on sustainable basis at smallholders farmers’ field in rainfed in target areas. Overall objective Purpose
  4. 4. Project Activities and results of SRI-LMB project implementation in 2014 1. Inception Workshop 2. Baseline survey 3. Center Farmer Participatory Action Research (CFPAR) 4. Farmer Participatory Action Researches 5. Over sea Study Tour for PMU, LMU and Farmer Trainers 6. Provincial LMU meeting 7. National Review and Planning Workshop
  5. 5. 1. National Inceptionand Planning Workshop • The National Inception and Planning Workshop was organized on 21-22 May 2014 involving 44 participants (08 women). • The purpose of the National Inception and Planning Workshop is to ensure wider national consultation on the objectives and activities of the project.
  6. 6. 2. Baselinesurvey • This activities had been done to identify the general situation of rice production and problem encountered in each province. • 45 farmers in each target province interviewed. Totally, 134 farmers (35 female) were interviewed. • It was found that farmers
  7. 7. 3. Center Farmer Participatory Action Research (CFPAR) • Totally, 84 Participants (23 female) attended CFPAR, in those 3 LMU, 9 District Trainers and 72 Farmer Trainers. • There were 14 days training divided into four time of classes ( 5 days at seedling stage, 3 days at tillering stage, 2days at flowering stage and 4 days at ripening stage. • CFPAR aimed to increase knowledge of participants on the basic of SRI, research methodology, facilitation skills, and FFS management. • Adult learning and non-formal education approach were used such as plenary and small group discussion, role play, and actual practice in the field.
  8. 8. Main Activities at CFPAR → Technical discussion on SRI → Training on facilitation skills → Discussion on the research methodology → Discussion on the management of FFS → Develop FFS curriculum and session guide → Conduct field experiments → Field Day
  9. 9. Result of experiments at CFPAR There were 8 experiments conducted at CFPAR as following: 1. Seeding methods and seed rate for direct seeding - T1: 60kg/ha by hand, - T2: 100kg/ha by hand, and - T3100kg/ha by drum seeder), 1. Different spacing for transplanting - T1: 15cm x 15cm, - T2: 20cm x 20cm, and - T3: 25 cm x25 cm) 1. Different fertilizer application - T1: N52 P15 K20, - T2: Cow manure 10 t/ha, - T3: N28 P12 K10 with cow manure 5t/ha, - T4: N28 P12 K10 with cow manure 10t/ha)
  10. 10. 4. Different Number of Seedling per hill - T1. Single seedling, - T2: 3 sedling, - T3: 5 seedling and - T4: 7 seedling 5. Different transplanting method - T1: transplanting in row, - T2: Randomly transplanting, and - T3: Parachute) 6. Different weeding methods - T1:Hand weeding, - T2: Neak Srer, - T3: Spraying herbicide at 15 days after sowing)
  11. 11. 7. Different age of seedling for transplanting - T1. 15 days - T2: 25 days - T3: 40 days 8. Different rice varieties - T1. Phka Rumdoul - T2: Chmar Prum - T3: Chhmar La Eth
  12. 12. The result from experiment at CFPAR
  13. 13. The result of field experiments at CFPAR
  14. 14. The result of field experiments at CFPAR 4179 4328 4133 4248 4000 4050 4100 4150 4200 4250 4300 4350 N52 P15 K20 Cow manure 10t/ha N28 P12 K10 , Cow manure 5t/ha N52 P15 K20, Cow manure 10t/ha kg/ha Graphic of yield of experiment on different rate of fertilizer application at CFPAR 1253 1298 1239 1274 726 799 872 924 527 499 367 350 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 N52 P15 K20 Cow manure 10t/ha N28 P12 K10 , Cow manure 5t/ha N52 P15 K20, Cow manure 10t/ha US$/ha Graphic of economic analysis of experiment on different rate of fertilizer application at CFPAR Income Expense Benefit
  15. 15. The result of field experiments at CFPAR
  16. 16. Mini-TOT activities Activities at CFPAR
  17. 17. Activities at CFPAR
  18. 18. Activities at CFPAR
  19. 19. Activities at CFPAR
  20. 20. Activities at CFPAR
  21. 21. Activities at CFPAR
  22. 22. Activities at CFPAR
  23. 23. Activities at CFPAR
  24. 24. CFPAR Field Day activities
  25. 25. CFPAR Field Day activities
  26. 26. FarmerParticipatory Action Researchesin 2014 Province District Males Females Total Kampong Speu 12 FFS Borseth 79 43 122 Korng Pisey 33 86 119 Samrong Torng 44 74 118 Takeo 12 FFS Bati 30 72 102 Prey Kabas 73 37 110 Tramkak 33 71 104 Kampot 12 FFS Angkor Chey 43 74 117 Chhouk 38 82 120 Chumkiri 25 95 120 Total 398 634 1032
  27. 27. The summary result of field experiments at FPAR in Kampong Speu province
  28. 28. The summary result of field experiments at FPAR in Kampong Speu province
  29. 29. The summary result of field experiments at FPAR in Takeo province
  30. 30. The summary result of field experiments at FPAR in Takeo province
  31. 31. The summary result of field experiments at FPAR in Takeo province
  32. 32. The summary result of field experiments at FPAR in Kampot province
  33. 33. The summary result of field experiments at FPAR in Kampot province
  34. 34. FFS activities
  35. 35. FFS activities
  36. 36. FFS activities
  37. 37. FFS activities
  38. 38. FFS activities
  39. 39. Problems encountered for FPARin 2014 • Drought prolonging until September • There were changing family member to attend training. • Some NGOs and projects give attendance fee for farmer meeting or training at community. • Farmers do not actively participate in collection data from field experiments. • Knowledge and facilitation skills for DT and FT • Late advanced money for FPAR
  40. 40. Lesson learnt from FPAR in 2014 • It would be difficult to select good fields for FPAR if starting late. • Quality of FPAR is depending on facilitation skills and technical knowledge of trainers. • The number of participants at FPAR is more If the village chief attend FPAR, • Good experimental site and active cooperation farmer selected will contribute to the successfulness of FPAR. • If the identified local problems were considered and put for experiments, farmers would much interested and participated in observing field experiment regularly.
  41. 41. • It would be difficult to differentiate SRI and conventional plots if both plot put in the same main plot. • There was an observation that old age farmers pay less attention in observing field experiment as compared to the young. • The quality of FPAR would be better if LMU and PMU team provide backstopping visit regularly. • It would be easy for farmers to learn and compare if the experiment simply designed (single factor and single replication) • If duration of each training take over than 2h:30 minute, farmers would pay less attention to the training (affect to their daily works especially for women).
  42. 42. Solution for FPAR in 2015  The FPAR should start as earlier as possible especially the selection of experimental field and cooperation farmer.  At the beginning of FPAR, facilitators have to discuss the local practices and identify gaps for technical improvement.  The technical problems identified have to be prioritized and put for experiment.  Only SRI demo plot ( about 1000m2 follow by one simple specific comparison experiment (single factor and single replication experiment) will be designed for FPAR in 2015.  Village chief should be invited for FPAR training.  Duration of training at FPAR should be minimized but more and more focusing on the key points.
  43. 43. 5. Oversea Study tour for LMU, DT and FT • In 2014, one oversea study tour to visit Thailand was organized for PMU , LMU and Farmer Trainers (10people). • It was very important for sharing experience of project implementation among partner countries. All participants reported that they learnt a lot from this study tour. The result from study tour contributed to the improvment of FPAR in Cambodia
  44. 44. • In 2014, three provincial reflection and evaluation workshops were organized to share experience and result and prepare plan for next year. Relevant stakeholders were invited. 6. Provincial reflection and evaluation workshop
  45. 45. 7. National review and planning workshop • The National Review and Planning Workshop was organized on 28-29 May 2015 involving 46 participants (10 women). • The purpose of the National Review and Planning Workshop is to summary the results of FPAR implementation in last wet season 2014 and plan for wet season 2015
  46. 46. Activitiesproposed for 2015 • Continuetodoexperiment at36old FPARandfollowupandmonitortheadoptionofSRIpractices withparticipants. • Expanding36FPARtoothervillage in targetcommunes. • Formlandlessgroups,providetrainingon interestedsubjectmaterforimproving theirincome generationthenlink this groupwithsaving forchange. • LMUmonthlyreflection meeting • Regularmonitoringandprovidebackstopingvisit of PMUandLMU • One oversea studytourforPMU, LMU,DTandFT • One nationalreviewing andplanningworkshop
  47. 47. Additional suggestion from LMU, DT and FT • Request to buy one camera for each province • Request to have office material and expense for LMU office • Increase allowance for DT and FT • Increase cost of snack from 10$ to 15$ per day/class since the price of food increased.

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