Key learnings including SWOT analysis and draft plans for the next action research cycle - Mr. Kong Kea
Regional Review and Planning Workshop for
02-03 June 2015, Siem Reap province, Cambodia
Prepared by Mr. Kong Kea, the Project Coordinator
Sustaining and Enhancing the Momentum for
Innovation and Learning around
the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in the
Lower Mekong River Basin (SRI-LMB)
Hosted by ACISAI Center, AIT in partnership with
Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) and
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Cambodia
THIS PROJECT IS FUNDED BY THE
A PROJECT IMPLEMETED BY ASIAN
INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, THAILAND
Enhance rainfed smallholder farmers’ capacity confronting climate
change sustainably by applying SRI through Participatory Action
Research in order to improve food security, income and
occupational health status.
To contribute to enhance resilience of rainfed farmers of LMB
region confronting climate change
Increased crop yield, productivity and profitability on sustainable
basis at smallholders farmers’ field in rainfed in target areas.
Project Activities and results of SRI-LMB project
implementation in 2014
1. Inception Workshop
2. Baseline survey
3. Center Farmer Participatory Action Research (CFPAR)
4. Farmer Participatory Action Researches
5. Over sea Study Tour for PMU, LMU and Farmer Trainers
6. Provincial LMU meeting
7. National Review and Planning Workshop
1. National Inceptionand Planning Workshop
• The National Inception and Planning Workshop
was organized on 21-22 May 2014 involving 44
participants (08 women).
• The purpose of the National Inception and
Planning Workshop is to ensure wider national
consultation on the objectives and activities of
• This activities had been done to identify the general
situation of rice production and problem encountered
in each province.
• 45 farmers in each target province interviewed. Totally,
134 farmers (35 female) were interviewed.
• It was found that farmers
3. Center Farmer Participatory Action Research
• Totally, 84 Participants (23 female) attended CFPAR, in
those 3 LMU, 9 District Trainers and 72 Farmer Trainers.
• There were 14 days training divided into four time of
classes ( 5 days at seedling stage, 3 days at tillering
stage, 2days at flowering stage and 4 days at ripening
• CFPAR aimed to increase knowledge of participants on
the basic of SRI, research methodology, facilitation
skills, and FFS management.
• Adult learning and non-formal education approach
were used such as plenary and small group discussion,
role play, and actual practice in the field.
Main Activities at CFPAR
→ Technical discussion on SRI
→ Training on facilitation skills
→ Discussion on the research methodology
→ Discussion on the management of FFS
→ Develop FFS curriculum and session guide
→ Conduct field experiments
→ Field Day
Result of experiments at CFPAR
There were 8 experiments conducted at CFPAR as following:
1. Seeding methods and seed rate for direct seeding
- T1: 60kg/ha by hand,
- T2: 100kg/ha by hand, and
- T3100kg/ha by drum seeder),
1. Different spacing for transplanting
- T1: 15cm x 15cm,
- T2: 20cm x 20cm, and
- T3: 25 cm x25 cm)
1. Different fertilizer application
- T1: N52 P15 K20,
- T2: Cow manure 10 t/ha,
- T3: N28 P12 K10 with cow manure 5t/ha,
- T4: N28 P12 K10 with cow manure 10t/ha)
4. Different Number of Seedling per hill
- T1. Single seedling,
- T2: 3 sedling,
- T3: 5 seedling and
- T4: 7 seedling
5. Different transplanting method
- T1: transplanting in row,
- T2: Randomly transplanting, and
- T3: Parachute)
6. Different weeding methods
- T1:Hand weeding,
- T2: Neak Srer,
- T3: Spraying herbicide at 15 days after sowing)
7. Different age of seedling for transplanting
- T1. 15 days
- T2: 25 days
- T3: 40 days
8. Different rice varieties
- T1. Phka Rumdoul
- T2: Chmar Prum
- T3: Chhmar La Eth
Problems encountered for FPARin 2014
• Drought prolonging until September
• There were changing family member to attend training.
• Some NGOs and projects give attendance fee for farmer
meeting or training at community.
• Farmers do not actively participate in collection data from field
• Knowledge and facilitation skills for DT and FT
• Late advanced money for FPAR
Lesson learnt from FPAR in 2014
• It would be difficult to select good fields for FPAR if
• Quality of FPAR is depending on facilitation skills and
technical knowledge of trainers.
• The number of participants at FPAR is more If the village
chief attend FPAR,
• Good experimental site and active cooperation farmer
selected will contribute to the successfulness of FPAR.
• If the identified local problems were considered and put
for experiments, farmers would much interested and
participated in observing field experiment regularly.
• It would be difficult to differentiate SRI and conventional
plots if both plot put in the same main plot.
• There was an observation that old age farmers pay less
attention in observing field experiment as compared to the
• The quality of FPAR would be better if LMU and PMU team
provide backstopping visit regularly.
• It would be easy for farmers to learn and compare if the
experiment simply designed (single factor and single
• If duration of each training take over than 2h:30 minute,
farmers would pay less attention to the training (affect to
their daily works especially for women).
Solution for FPAR in 2015
The FPAR should start as earlier as possible especially the
selection of experimental field and cooperation farmer.
At the beginning of FPAR, facilitators have to discuss the local
practices and identify gaps for technical improvement.
The technical problems identified have to be prioritized and put
Only SRI demo plot ( about 1000m2 follow by one simple specific
comparison experiment (single factor and single replication
experiment) will be designed for FPAR in 2015.
Village chief should be invited for FPAR training.
Duration of training at FPAR should be minimized but more and
more focusing on the key points.
5. Oversea Study tour for LMU, DT and FT
• In 2014, one oversea study tour to visit Thailand was
organized for PMU , LMU and Farmer Trainers (10people).
• It was very important for sharing experience of project
implementation among partner countries. All participants
reported that they learnt a lot from this study tour. The
result from study tour contributed to the improvment of
FPAR in Cambodia
• In 2014, three provincial reflection and evaluation workshops were organized to share
experience and result and prepare plan for next year. Relevant stakeholders were invited.
6. Provincial reflection and evaluation workshop
7. National review and planning workshop
• The National Review and Planning Workshop was
organized on 28-29 May 2015 involving 46 participants
• The purpose of the National Review and Planning
Workshop is to summary the results of FPAR
implementation in last wet season 2014 and plan for
wet season 2015
Activitiesproposed for 2015
• Continuetodoexperiment at36old FPARandfollowupandmonitortheadoptionofSRIpractices
• Expanding36FPARtoothervillage in targetcommunes.
• Formlandlessgroups,providetrainingon interestedsubjectmaterforimproving theirincome
generationthenlink this groupwithsaving forchange.
• LMUmonthlyreflection meeting
• Regularmonitoringandprovidebackstopingvisit of PMUandLMU
• One oversea studytourforPMU, LMU,DTandFT
• One nationalreviewing andplanningworkshop
Additional suggestion from LMU, DT and FT
• Request to buy one camera for each province
• Request to have office material and expense
for LMU office
• Increase allowance for DT and FT
• Increase cost of snack from 10$ to 15$ per
day/class since the price of food increased.