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Welcome to the 4th Anniversary Special Issue of THE TIMES OF AFRICA. This issue has its prime focus on 9th CII EXIM Bank Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnership scheduled to be held from 17-19 March 2013. The tremendous political, economic and cultural potential of the focus countries of the Conclave has been painted in this issue. We delve deep in our Special Report on to the Journey of the Conclave and also took a closer glance at ways to enhance effective cooperation and coordination between Africa and India. The current edition carries an important interview of Mr. Shyamal Gupta, Chairman, CII Africa Committee and Special Advisor, Tata International Ltd. There is more, so read on……..

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The Times of Africa

  2. 2. EDITOR’S MESSAGE Dear Readers, “Change your thoughts and you change your world” said Dr. Norman Vincent Peale. We, at THE TIMES OF AFRICA, also believe that by changing our own perspective towards this rising continent- Africa, we can easily bring a lot of change. On the occasion of the 4th Anniversary of THE TIMES OF AFRICA, we are excited to release the first supplementary issue in French. It will surely provide an insightful to the francophone countries of Africa. As the delegation from African countries arrives in India for the 9th CII Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnerships, we emphasize the tremendous political, economic and cultural potential of different African countries. CII has worked for the past 8 years to increase project exports from India to African economies. The Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnership has developed into a platform that has enhanced the presence of Brand India in the African economies. We delve deep in our Special Report on to the Journey of the Conclave so far with spotlight on the Focus Countries. We alsoKANCHI BATRA, Editor-in-chief, take a closer look at ways to enhance effective cooperation and coordination betweenThe Times Of africa Africa and India. The current edition carries an important interview of Mr. Shyamal Gupta, Chairman, CII Africa Committee and Special Advisor, Tata International Ltd. I will quote the words of the new President of Ghana, “There’s no denying the fact that even after 55 years, Ghana is still a young country”. We wish the new President success in his endeavors in bringing colours to this West African nation. This issue, we have put the spotlight on Zambia, A beckoning investment destination in Africa.The Conclave onIndia-Africa ProjectPartnership has Give an enhanced experience to your travel in West Africa, with the newly launched airlines, Gambia Bird. Find more compelling reasons to fly with the National Airlines of the Smiling Coast of Africa in our section Brands & Businesses. Also, the importancedeveloped into a of waste management is discussed in detail. In keeping with the Soccer spirit, find outplatform that hasenhanced the the FIFA World Player of the Year in the section Sports Special. There is more. So readpresence of Brand on……. Happy Reading!India in the Africaneconomies. Kanchi Batra Graphic Designer: Ranjeet Kumar For queries Photo Editor: V. K. Murti, Mohd. Sikandar call at: Secretary General: R.K. Mahna JANUARY - FEBRUARY 2013 Manager-Corporate Relations: +91 81307 96166 | +91 93119 64991 Surender Chauhan +91 93100 54991 | +91 85951 66626Editor-in-Chief: Kanchi Batra Marketing Executive: Surender Singh or write to us at:Regional Editor (Africa): R. C. Dhingra Public Relations Officer: Varsha PallaviAssociate Editor (French): Divya Malhotra Executive Assistant: Shivpali TrehanContributing Editor: Albert Etsri Apemewoe Advisor: Dr. Jagdish C. Sobti ads@thetimesofafrica.comArt Director: Krishna Mohan VOLUME 5 Issue 1Graphic Designer & Visualizer: Dilip Aman RNI No: DELENG/2008/27856 feedback@thetimesofafrica.comTRINITY HEIGHTS EXIM PVT LTD. All rights reserved throughout the world (THE TIMES OF AFRICA).Owner/Publisher/Printer/Editor: Mr. Kirit Sobti Published from 2nd floor, Plot No. 7, 8 & 9, Garg Shopping Mall, Service Centre, Opp. Sector XI (Extn.), Rohini Phase-2,Delhi-110085, India. Printed at lipee scan pvt. ltd. 89 dsidc shed Okhla Phase 1, New Delhi.T: 91 11 4751 4751 F: 91 11 4751 4752Disclaimer: All views expressed in this issue are that of the authors. The publisher may not agree with the independent views expressed in this magazine. All disputes aresubject to the exclusive jurisdiction of competent courts and forums in Delhi/New Delhi only. 4 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
  3. 3. CONTENTSJANUARY-FEBRUARY 201332 Special Report Regulars CII EXIM Bank 7 | Letters to the Editor 12 | Business Bulletin Conclave 109 | Doctor’s Advice 111 | UN News Journey so far 116 | 10 Minutes - In Rendezvous With 121 | What’s on? 121 | Know More About Africa 122 | Spiritual Fruits8 Anniversary Special 60 In Focus 94 Brands & Businesses »» Zoomlion Ghana Ltd. »» Burkina Faso: Towards a13 Respected Contribution New Era of Growth and »» KSConsult »» Accra Compost and »» Shri Shyam Saran, Chairman, Opportunities »» Lesotho – The Kingdom in the Recycling Plant Research and Information System for Developing Sky »» Gambia Bird Countries and Senior Fellow »» South Sudan- A World of »» Mahatma Gandhi University Centre for Policy Research and Opportunities »» TPS Infrastructure Ltd. Former Foreign Secretary, India 73 Current Affairs26 Spotlight Country–Zambia »» Burundi, Egypt, Kenya, Liberia, 112 Business Conferences and Nigeria, Tunisia, Zambia Meetings Zambia- A Beckoning »» Interactive Session with Investment Destination 78 Sectoral Analysis Commerce, Trade & Industry Minister - Hon. Robert »» Lesdep - A Panacea to Sichinga, Zambia Unemployment »» Lesdep Spread Its Wings in Niger »» Economic Review »» Sector Profiles 114 Celebrations & Feasts »» Overview of Zambia’s »» 57th Anniversary of Investment Climate Independence of Republic of »» Tourism Sudan32 Special Report 84 In Rendezvous With... 117 Sports Special »» H.E. Mr. Desire Koumba, »» FIFA World Player of the Year – »» In Rendezvous With Mr. Syamal Ambassador, Embassy of the Lionel Messi Gupta, Chairman, CII Africa Republic of Gabon, New Delhi Committee and Special Advisor, Tata International Ltd. »» Shri. R.V. Kanoria, Past »» Republic of Burundi- Exploring President of Federation of 118 Different Strokes Indian Chamber of Commerce »» Empty Nest Investment Opportunities in and Industry, New Delhi Burundi »» Mohd. Imam Hasan Kazmi, »» Cameroon- Africa in Miniature Chairman, All India Imams »» Guinea Bissau – Plenty of Council, New Delhi 120 Fashion, Trends Potential »» Amb. James P Morgan, Deputy . & Customs »» Guinea Conakry – A Geological Head of Mission, Embassy of »» Glamazonia – A Miracle the Republic of South Sudan, Tribute to African »» Uganda-The Pearl of Africa New Delhi Beauty6 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
  4. 4. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Official Write to us: THE TIMES OF AFRICA values your feedback. Our endeavour is to keep working in progress to make THE TIMES Media OF AFRICA the preferred publication of the Africa-Indian business community. Send your comments to PartnerS We are felicitous to put in the picture the Embassies/ High Commissions who have THE TIMES OF AFRICA is a awareness on opportunities available appointed THE TIMES OF good magazine to follow for for reinforcement of relations between AFRICA as their Official Media the African Community. It has all the India and Africa. It is my hope that the Partner: latest updates and should be useful for publication continues to offer well- our business as well as you come to researched information concerning know which all corporates are growing Africa. I also wish to congratulate THE Botswana in Africa. TIMES OF AFRICA for moving with time by offering online editions on phones and computers. Burkina Deputy Branch Manager, AGS Four Winds Sandeep Marwah Faso First Counsellor, Embassy of Senegal, THE TIMES OF AFRICA has M. Abdoul Aziz Loum New Delhi been and continues to be an Comoros important advertising medium for all As a newly established African countries represented in India. Diplomatic Mission in India, We should all continue to support the we have been closely working with efforts of the Editor-in-chief to compile guinea this magazine which has substantially this much needed bi-monthly maga- contributed to the promotion of conakry zine which reflects and articulates the the country. Some of the Guinean aspiration of the African business com- dignitaries visiting India had been munity in India. giving interviews which were featured Niger in this magazine. I am gladly thankful Counsellor, High Commission of the to the magazine and to its entire staff Mr. Richard Frege Republic of Namibia, New Delhi SOUTH for their commitment in promoting Africa in India and in the world. SUDAN THE TIMES OF AFRICA plays an important role in creating Ambassador of the Republic of Guinea, India H.E. Mr. Alexandre Cece Loua Zambia Advertiser’s Index Kalsi overseas 39 FICCI 87 Tractors and farm equipment ltd IFC Goyum Screw Press 41 Tender Tiger 89 New Holland Agriculture (India Plant) 3 Mil India Ltd 45 Sand Seas Enterprises 91 Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. 5 International Tractors Ltd. 46,47 Computer Shopee 93 SIDBI 10,11 Modern Agro Engineering Works 51 PAL Biogenie cyber workes pvt ltd 101 AGS Four Winds 13 Indocorp 67 DAVP Advertisment 105 CRV Impex Pvt Ltd. 15,17,19 Health Square 73 TPS Infrastruture Ltd 106,107 Maxgrid securicor India Pvt. Ltd 20 Veenu Hi-Tech 75 Heal & Bliss Medical Tourism 108 VA Tech wabag Ltd 21 Fortish Healthcare 77 KIMMS 115 Saboo Millstones 24,25 Kam- Avida 81 Studioone 116 Eagle Stone & Care Centre 35 Getech Equipments International Pvt. Ltd. 83 KS Infosystems Pvt. Ltd. IBC Laxmi Publications P ltd 37 J. P. Mukherji & Associates Pvt. Ltd. 85 Zoomlion Ghana Ltd. BCThis index is provided as an additional service. The Publisher does not assume any liabilities for errors or JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 THE TIMES OF AFRICA 7
  7. 7. Addressing gaps in MSME Eco-System About SIDBI Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), set up under Indian Parliament Act in 1990, acts as the principal financial institution for the promotion, financing and development of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) under Government of India. SIDBI also coordinates the functions of other institutions engaged in similar activities in India. With over 22 years of experience, SIDBI channelized funds of over USD 44 bn to MSMEs, thereby benefiting more than 32mn persons directly and through a network of banks / institutions. As at 31/03/2012, the Banks overall asset portfolio is of over USD 10 bn and Networth of USD 1.1 bn. SIDBI is among top 30 development banks in the world. SIDBI has pioneered in :- Faster credit sanction by developing a unique Credit Appraisal and Rating Tool (CART) which was adopted by banks / FIs directly or indirectly. Developing and nurturing Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) to provide micro credit to the poor. Downscaling Model to enable banks to give loan to tiny / micro enterprises. Upscaling Model to enable MFIs to give loan to micro enterprises aiming to graduate from micro finance category. Developing private Business Development Services (BDS) providers for cluster development. Energy efficiency investment and Environment & Social (E&S) standards based finance to MSMEs and sustainable development of the MSME sector. E-Reverse factoring by setting up of NTREES - an electronic bills discounting platform, wherein by assigning credit limit to large corporate and discounting the receivables of their MSME suppliers on RTGS basis, the delayed payments aspects are addressed quickly in paperless mode. Providing Credit Guarantee to MSEs through Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE) Venture Capital through SIDBI Venture Capital Ltd. (SVCL) Credit Rating through SME Rating Agency of India Ltd. (SMERA) Technology transfer through India SME Technology Services Ltd. (ISTSL) Resolution of non-performing assets (NPAs) through India SME Asset Reconstruction Company Ltd. (ISARC) OUR SUBSIDIARIES / ASSOCIATES India SME Technology Series Ltd.Reach us @ thInternational Consultancy & Central Coordination Vertical, SIDBI, Videocon Tower, 12 Floor, Rani Jhansi Road,Jhandewalan Extension, New Delhi - 110055, India Ph: +91-11-23682474
  8. 8. Addressing gaps in MSME Eco-System International Consultancy Partnering MSME Development Globally Our Areas of Consultancy for MSMEs Access to Finance v Innovative financial products and processes · MSME Finance, Micro Finance · Risk / Equity Capital · Credit Appraisal and Rating Tool (CART) · Downscaling / Upscaling Model v Capacity building / training of bankers. Setting up / strengthening of support institutions v SME Bank. v Credit Guarantee Mechanism. v Risk / Venture / Equity Capital v Credit Rating Mechanism. v Asset Reconstruction. Capacity Building of MSME sector v Cluster development /BDS Development v Rural Development v Entrepreneurship Development v Skill Development Facilitate MSMEs v Joint Ventures/ acquisition / mergers and amalgamations. v Technology Transfer Policy Making / Policy Advocacy v Framing suitable MSME policies to suit the countrys needs. v Prepare policy advocacy papers based on best international practices. OUR INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSGermany Germany France Asian Development Bank
  9. 9. BUSINESS BULLETIN To give an African touch to their Smartphone, Liberian President and NobelApple® has denoted the As part of initiatives aimed at world leading handset laureate H.E. Ms. Ellenlaunch of the iTunes Store® developing Africa’s economy, manufacturer, Samsung has Johnson Sirleaf was chosenin India, South Africa, the African Development hinted it would start loading for 2012 Indira Gandhi PrizeRussia, Turkey and 52 Bank (AfDB) and researchers some African pictures, for Peace, Disarmament andadditional countries. Over 20 have launched a $63.24 videos, music and dialects Development for serving asmillion songs are available million AfDB-funded into its new handsets in the an illustration and inspirationfor customers to purchase initiative targeted to raise beginning of 2013. Africa to women in Africa &and download on the iTunes agricultural productivity and alone accounts for 40% of beyond and for ensuring theStore. The iTunes Store also lift millions of Africans the 10 million copies of return of peace, democracy,features artists including out of poverty. The five-year the original Galaxy Note development, security andAR Rahman in India, and initiative known as “Support handsets that Samsung has order in Liberia.Zahara in South Africa, to Agricultural Research for sold globally, but there isTaylor Swift and Coldplay, Development of Strategic hardly any African contentand world-renowned Crops in Africa” (SARD-SC) in terms of in-built ringtones,classical musicians including is a research, science, and language options, andLang Lang, Yo Yo Ma and technology development pictures in any of Samsung’sYuja Wang. initiative. hand held devices. Recently the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and African Capacity As the proliferation of Building Foundation (ACBF) smartphones in the AfricanTo propose a wholly owned AfDB has recently signed an have signed a funding region continues to addresssubsidiary in South Africa, agreement to provide two agreement totaling to US high bandwidth dataCoal India Limited (CIL) sovereign-guaranteed multi- $3 million to help out the demands, Alcatel-Lucenthas suggested the signing tranche lines of credit (LoCs) Member States build the has been deployed byof a Memorandum of of respectively US $500 capacities of the research Airtel Africa to evolve itsUnderstanding with the million to Bank of Industry based institutions. These data transport and mobileGovernment. The subsidiary (BOI) and of US $200 funds will definitely go a backhaul networks using.would be along the lines of million to Nigerian Export- long way in making sure The French vendor hasCIL’s Coal India Africana, Import Bank (NEXIM) to hold that research findings are been selected to help Airtelthe wholly owned subsidiary up to the transformation dispersed for the advantage supply IP-based networkingin Mozambique presently and extension of export- of various programmes in technology for broadbanddeveloping two coal blocks oriented small and medium the region. data and video Tete province. enterprises (SMEs).12 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
  10. 10. RESPECTEDIndia andAfrica: CONTRIBUTION AGS FW_New-Dehli_AfricaTimes_2012_CTP.pdf 1 02/11/2012 12TDevelopmentPartnershipShri Shyam SaranChairman, Research and Information Systemfor Developing Countries and Senior FellowCentre for Policy Research and FormerForeign Secretary, India he history of India-Africa resources, they had valuable capacities, development cooperation experience and knowledge to share with reflects the philosophy un- one another. This could become a major derlying India’s engagement catalyst for growth in their countries. with other developing coun-tries in the post-colonial period. In theearly years after gaining political inde- Right from the outset, India saw Key Indian Programmes Cpendence in 1947, India played an ac- the developmental challenge as an Mtive role in promoting the final and total international responsibility. Economic Yelimination of colonial rule across the and technical assistance from developed CMworld. At the same time, the leaders of countries to developing countries MYIndia and other emerging, independent was considered an obligation, not CYcountries were conscious of the fact that charity. In its own modest programmes CMYpolitical independence would remain for assistance to other developingconstrained unless they became masters countries, India deliberately rejected Kof their economic destiny as well. In con- the donor-recipient paradigm andfronting this challenge, India proposed adopted the concept of developmenta two-track approach. The first was to cooperation instead. This had significantutilize the new instruments of inter- consequences:national governance, in particular the One, development cooperationU.N. to forge an international consensus incorporated the idea of partnership, ofbehind the principle that the economic working for mutual benefit rather thandevelopment of developing countries promoting a patron-client relationshipand the eradication of poverty across which suggested an unequal dependency.the world, was an international respon- Two, development cooperation wassibility, to be implemented through based on the priorities determinedmultilateral action. The other was the by the partner and not by the sourceprinciple of South-South Cooperation of funds or technical capacity. Theamong developing countries themselves, selection of projects and method ofto be pursued both bilaterally as well implementation was arrived at throughas multilaterally through the U.N. This a consultative process, not imposedprinciple was based on the recognition by a “donor”. Three, the objective ofthat while the newly independent devel- such cooperation would be to createoping countries were poor and lacked a higher level of capacities JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 THE TIMES OF AFRICA 13
  11. 11. RESPECTED CONTRIBUTION the relationship to be expanded and personnel, impart specialized skills and plastic moulding, brick-making, among upgraded in subsequent stages. Instead know-how in different fields. In addition, others. Typically, the ITEC Division as- of prolonged dependency, the objective the ITEC programme facilitates study sists with project identification, the would be to create mutually beneficial visits to India by senior political leaders drawing up of a feasibility report, proj- interdependency. and decision-makers from developing ect implementation and the training of In the multilateral sphere, India countries to acquaint them with the local personnel to eventually manage has been a very active proponent of, opportunities India offers in enhancing and run the project on their own. It may and willing participant in programmes developing cooperation with these be noted that India’s project assistance such as the Colombo Plan , the Special countries. is not loaded with administrative ex- Commonwealth Assistance for Africa (2) Project Assistance: The ITEC penses to be borne by the recipient, a Programme (SCAAP) , the Technical Division has a modest programme for common practice in OECD aid. Assistance Programme of the U.N. and extending project assistance to develop- (3) Institution Building: Drawing its Specialized Agencies and activities ing countries, in particular, in the small from its own development experience. under the United Nations Developmet and medium industry sector. These may India sets great store by capacity- Programme (UNDP), United Nations include agricultural processing, manu- building and the promotion of skills. Trade Conference on Trade and facture of agricultural tools, carpentry While training of foreign personnel Development (UNCTAD) and the various in India and the deputation of Indian UN Regional Commissions. experts abroad are important means On the bilateral side, the Government to achieve this, a more sustainable, Pan-Africa e-Network of India established a new division in the long-term solution lies in the building Project Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) to deal of appropriate institutions in partner The Pan-Africa e-Network is one of the with the whole gamut of development countries. These may include vocational best examples of the growing partnership cooperation, in 1961. This was known training institutes, entrepreneurship between India and Africa. It began as a as the Economic and Coordination development institutes, specialized visionary initiative of the former President Division. In 1964, the Indian Technical institutes to foster skills in specific of India, Dr. Kalam. It is one of the most and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) areas such as agriculture and ambitious projects for distance education programme was launched, as part of the animal husbandry, ICT and business and tele-medicine even undertaken in new Division, to manage India’s growing management, among others. Africa. In addition, the network is also development cooperation activities. The India spends $ 12 million on ITEC equipped to support e-governance, activities excluded were those involving activities annually. Since 1964, the e-commerce, infotainment, resource neighbouring countries, such as Nepal, cumulative figure on this account is $ mapping metrological and other services Bhutan and Sri Lanka, which continued 2.8 billion, with US $ 1 billion giving in African countries. A total of 47 African to be handled by the respective to Africa. 40% of the ITEC budget is countries have joined the project in two territorial divisions in the MEA. devoted to project assistance. It may be phases. The first phase was inaugurated noted that the Government of India has in February 2009, with 11 African empanelled 48 prestigious institutions countries signing up. The second phase The ITEC Programme pursues its to offer as many as 220 courses in a II.1 ITEC was launched in August 2010. mandate of promoting development wide variety of disciplines. In tele-education, the objective is cooperation through an interconnected (4) Scholarships: India has a long to impart quality education to 10,000 set of activities, which have now tradition of providing opportunites students in Africa over a 5-year period expanded significantly to merit a for higher education to students for in various disciplines. Some of the best separate division within the MEA: developing countries. These may be for educational institutions are participating. (1) Capacity building through graduate and post-graduate courses in Currently 2000 African students are prestigious Indian universities, covering already enrolled in several distance (i) the offer of technical training education programmes. slots to personnel from developing a wide range of disciplines in the In tele-medicine, on-line medical countries in the very large network humanities, science and technology and consultation with Indian medical of vocational and human resource professional areas such as engineering specialists is now available to African development institutions across India; and medicine. These scholarships medical practioners at the Patient End (ii) the deputation of Indian experts are administered through the Indian Location in Africa. to developing countries to train local Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR), The project cost is $125 million11. 14 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
  12. 12. RESPECTED CONTRIBUTIONalthough some scholarships may also market but any subsequent expansion ofbe offered under the aegis of other sales depends upon the competitivenessinstitutions. Several universities also in terms of quality and price. Theoffer self-financing placements to development cooperation programmesforeign students and this number is now may include helping the Indian privateseveral times that of placements under sectors to hold regular expositions ofgovernment scholarships. Indian products in partner countries to It may be noted that several meet the information gap which is often CRVCentral Ministries of the Government a major constraint in developing marketof India have then own International in developing countries. In the case of IMPEX PVT LTDCooperation Divisions which promote Africa, in addition to such expositions,bilateral exchanges with their there are now regular India-Africa tradecounterpart in other developing and investment Conclaves, bringingcountries. Such exchanges involve joint potential buyers and sellers as well asprojects, capacity building programmes investment partners together.and visits of experts, which contribute In recent years, promoting Indiansignificantly to South-South Cooperation. investment in other developing countries has become a major component of South- South cooperation. The Government ofIn additional to the ITEC programme, India, in encouraging such investment,II.2 Lines of CreditIndia’s development cooperation counsels sensitivity to local culture andalso encompasses the extension of environmental concerns. Such venturesconcessional loans and credits as well should bring demonstrable developmentas outright grants to partner countries. benefits to the partner country inThese are administered by the Indian terms of employment generation, skillsMinistry of Finance in consultation with development and trade generation. Thisthe Ministry of External Affairs. These is particularly true of African countries.Lines of Credit and Grants may be to This Indian record in this respect hascover specific projects, to provide, in been positive.a limited number of cases, budgetarysupport or emergency disaster relief. III India-Africa Development India’s relations with the African PartnershipIndia’s approach to development continent go back a very long period inII.3 Trade and Investmentcooperation encompasses the our history, but it is our common strugglepromotion of trade and investment. against colonialism and apartheid that aSince such cooperation is not conceived more contemporary partnership tookas a donor-recipient or a patron- shape. Since the inception of India’s ITECclient relationship, our cooperation Programme and its ICCR Scholarshipprogrammes in developing countries Programme in the nineteen sixties, CRVare often designed, as an additional Africa has emerged as one of the India’sobjective, to promote bilateral trade and most important development partners. IMPEX PVT LTDinvestment, which would strengthen In the past 10 years, such partnershipSouth-South Cooperation and bring has significantly expanded in virtuallymutual economic benefits to the every category. This intensification haspartners. Indian credit lines to some been reflected in the holding of the T : +91 44 24995926African countries, have enabled Indian India-Africa Business Conclave annually F : +91 44 24995928vehicle manufactures to carve out since 2005. In the 6th such conclaveexpanding market for trucks and buses. held in 2011, some 800 delegates fromThe credit line enables entry into a new 35 African countries attended, JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 THE TIMES OF AFRICA 15
  13. 13. RESPECTED CONTRIBUTION several heads of state/governments, institutions in Africa, enabling both tele- 1. Education senior officials and business leaders, education and tele-medicine services. 2. Health who spent 3 days interacting with their The project cost is $125 million. 3. W ater and Sanitation Indian counterparts. The Confederation In recognition of the growing 4. C ulture and Sports; and of Indian Industry (CII), which is the importance of India-Africa ties and 5. Poverty Eradication lead organization for the Conclave, has prospects for much closer development The other broad areas of cooperation stated: cooperation, it was decided to convene identified are Tourism, Infrastructure, regular India-Africa Forum Summits and Energy and Environment and finally, the first such Summit was held in April Media and Communication. “Over the last six years, projects 2008 in New Delhi, the second in May This Framework for Cooperation in various areas have been discussed 2011 in Addis Ababa. These Summits is a unique initiative in the history and implemented. The Conclave has have “laid the foundation of a new of South-South cooperation, placing been successfully able to build a bridge architecture for a structured interaction development cooperation within a much between Indian and African business and cooperation between India and our broader context of overall relations leaders and officials. African partners in the 21st Century”. between India and African countries. The Conclave has developed into a The first Summit adopted a historic It looks at development not merely in platform that has enhanced the presence “Africa-India Framework for Cooperation economic terms but as a process that of “Brand India” in the African countries. , which sought to foster mutually is sustainable only if located within a Africa with its Look East policy has also beneficial cooperation in a very larger political, social and intellectual found the Conclave a credible access comprehensive format encompassing environment. India-Africa development point for appropriate technologies and It may be noted that India-Africa Economic Political Cooperation, cooperation is conceived in a unique partners”. trade expanded from $ 20 billion in Cooperation, Sciences, Technology three-tiered pattern, encompassing 2005-6 to 53 billion in 2010-11 and is Research and Development, Information bilateral, regional and pan-African targeted to reach $ 90 billion by 2015. and Communication Technology (ICT) cooperation. The regional commissions India’s development cooperation and Cooperation in Social Development in Africa, such as ECOWAS, COMESA and with Africa was significantly expanded and Capacity Building.Under Political SADC, are active participants in India- in 2005, when India became a full Cooperation, the Framework identified Africa cooperation. member of the Africa Capacity Building a number of areas where India would The document is ambitious in scope Foundation (ACBF) and was granted support Africa in meeting the latter’s and spells out a fairly detailed road map observer status in COMESA, SADC objectives of sustainable development, for implementation. and ECOWAS. A special outreach to prosperity and peace. These are Peace India committed US $ 5.4 billion in Francophone Africa was launched and Security and Civil Society and Good concessional credits to African countries through the Team 9 initiative, with a Governance at the Summit. view to promoting India’s economic To foster S&T cooperation, the As a follow up to the first Forum engagement with 8 French speaking Framework envisages “robust Summit, an India-Africa Ministerial countries. A sum of US $ 1 million networks” among leading institutes for meeting was held in New Delhi in was extended to ACBF towards its collaborative research and development March 2010. A 15-member African programmes for capacity building and for sharing of experiences Union delegation met together with sustainable development and poverty in development of appropriate a 42-member Indian delegation alleviation. To support the Team 9 technologies. A number of specific representing different Ministries, initiative a line of credit of $ 500 actions were also spelt out to encourage agencies and industry bodies, to chalk million was announced, along with a ICT collaboration, including the quick out an Action Plan to implement some $ 200 million credit line to NEPAD. At and effective implementation of the of the key decisions of the Summit and the initiative of the then President of flagship Pan-African E-Network project also to set a road map for the Second India, Dr. Kalam, India announced the which India has contributed, towards Summit scheduled in 2012. The meeting very ambitious Pan-African E-Network overcoming the digital divide in Africa. noted that among the proposals agreed project (see box 1) which would provide A very broad-ranging collaborative upon at the first Summit over $ 2 billion digital connectivity across Africa effort is envisaged under the rubric of project were under implementation. and also link Indian educational and “Cooperation in social Development and Among the specific projects agreed upon medical institutions with counterpart Capacity Building. These are: to be financed by credits from India 16 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
  14. 14. RESPECTED CONTRIBUTIONwere: specific projects for the participating1. Setting up of Human Settlement governments to consider for Institutes in 5 African countries . implementation. Among the meetings2. Establishment of Vocational Training convened so far are: Institutes in 10 African countries . »» India-Africa Business Partnership3. ndian assistance for a Pan-African I Summit (October 2011) Stock Exchange. »» India-Africa Workshop on4. $ 300 m credit line would be A Traditional Medicines (October made available for financing an 2011) CRV infrastructure project under »» India-Africa Conference on Indian IMPEX PVT LTD regional integration . Lines of Credit (November 2011)5. Strengthening capacity of the African »» India-Africa Strategic Dialogue Court on Human and People’s Rights. (November 2011) The Second Summit in Addis Ababa »» 3rd India-Africa Hydrocarbonin May 2011 expressed satisfaction over Conference (December 2011)the progress made in implementing the »» rafts Skill Development Workshop CFramework of Cooperation adopted in for Women (January 2012)the first Summit and adopted a follow-up »» pecial Session on Global Commons SFramework for Enhanced Cooperation. & Challenges (February 2012)This document agreed to continue and »» Science & Technology Ministers’expand cooperation in the various areas Conference (March 2012)identified at the first Summit, while »» raining programme for Secretary Tidentifying a few new initiatives to be Generals of African Chambers ofpursued. Commerce and Industry. It may be noted that in orderto ensure early implementation ofrecommendations emanating from India’s support to African countries III.1 ITECthese summits, several conferences and through ITEC training slots may be seenworkshops have been organized in the in the following Figure1:period September 2011 to March 2012. However, ITEC covers only part of These conferences/workshops a much larger range of civilian traininghave come up with a number of courses made available to African CRV IMPEX PVT LTD T : +91 44 24995926 F : +91 44 24995928 Source: Ministry of External Affairs (India) JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 THE TIMES OF AFRICA 17
  15. 15. RESPECTED CONTRIBUTION »» pecial training courses (500 per S year): 449 and 929 utilised in 2010- Table 1: Civilian Training courses under ITEC and other Multilateral Schemes 2011-12 2010-11 2009-10 2008-09 2007-08 11 and 2011-12. 1. Afro-Asian Rural 70 55 55 55 50 Development Organisation III.3 Capacity building As per decisions taken at the India-Africa 2. Union African 30 13 13 13 10 institutions Forum Summits, India has committed 3. Pan African Parliament 20 5 5 5 3 to establishing about 100 capacity- 4. UNECA (UN Economic 30 15 15 15 10 building institutions to build and Commission for Africa strengthen capacities at the pan-African, 5. East African Community 25 10 10 10 10 regional and bilateral levels. Some of 6. Commonwealth Secretariat 75 75 75 75 75 the key institutions in the process of 250 173 173 173 158 implementation are listed below : Source: Ministry of External Affairs (India) »» ndia-Africa Institute of Information I Technology, Ghana »» India-Africa Institute of Foreign Trade, Ghana, Uganda »» India-Africa Institute of Education Planning and Administration, Burundi »» India-Africa Diamond Institute, Botswana »» ndia-Africa Civil Aviation Academy I (location to be decided) »» ndia-Africa Institute of Agriculture I and Rural Development (location to be decided) »» ndia-Africa University for Life and I Earth Sciences – Ibadan University, Nigeria Another major contribution to capacity building in Africa is India’s commitment to set up 10 vocational Source: Ministry of External Affairs (India) countries both under bilateral as well as training centres in Burkina Faso, multilateral schemes (see Figure 2 and Burundi, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Table 2: Profile of ICCR Table 1.) Gambia, Libya, Mozambique, Rwanda Scholarshipsinclude airfare and Zimbabwe. An Apex Planning Organization for Year Seats allocated Seats utilized Coal is being established in Mozambique, III.2 Scholarships & 2009-10 532 238 India also offers a number of scholarships which will also providing training in Fellowships 2010-11 532 207 and fellowships to students from Africa. mining technology. 2011-12 532 207 The figures for the past 4 years may be Another unique area of cooperation 2012-13 900 Admission process is seen in the Table 2. These scholars and between India and Africa relates to underway fellowships include travel expenses. 11 and 2011-12. 102 applications the setting up of Human Settlement Source: Ministry of External Affairs (India) »» ICCR Scholarships at Indian under process for 2012-13. Institutes in D.R. of Congo, Kenya, Universities »» .V. Raman Scientific Fellowships C Mauritania, Togo and Zambia to deal in »» pecial agricultural scholarships (75 S (104 per year): 85 and 79 utilised in a multi-disciplinary manner with the per year): 71 and 85 utilised in 2010- 2010-11 and 2011-12. challenge of rapid urbanization. 18 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
  16. 16. RESPECTED CONTRIBUTION India has also launched an initiativeof establishing and strengthening Table 5: India-Africa Tradecommon infrastructure and facilities for In US $ Millionpan-African development of some key Year Exports Imports Totalindustry sectors. Examples are: 2005-06 7.00 4.80 11.80»» ndia-Africa Food Processing Cluster I 2006-07 10.26 17.72 27.98»» ndia-Africa Textile Cluster I 2007-08 14.19 20.47 34.66 The location of these clusters is 2008-09 14.82 24.73 39.55under discussion. 2009-10 13.43 25.61 2010-11 20.85 31.95 39.04 52.80 CRV IMPEX PVT LTD trade has seen significant growth over»» ines of Credit (LoCs) have been an L the last 6 years (see table 5).III.4 Lines of Credit increasingly significant part of India- Africa development cooperation since 2003-04. The role of large emerging economies Conclusion»» They are concessional loans intended as a source of development funds to set up infrastructure projects and technology transfer has become and to share Indian experience in increasingly more salient. South-South developmental initiatives. cooperation is playing a more significant»» oCs have financed a wide range of L role in international development than projects in agriculture, irrigation, ever before as the ongoing financial food processing, rural electrification, and economic crisis is taking its toll IT and infrastructure such as roads, on the provision of financial and railways, cement and power. technical resources from traditional»» The objective is to create durable donor countries to the developing assets and build sustainable world. Such resource transfers are institutions. either flat or even declining. But even before the crisis the relative share of OECD countries in resource transfers to developing countries was already Table 4: Year-wise approvals and decreasing in percentage terms. This disbursements of Credit to Africa trend has only sharpened. In the recent [as on March 23, 2012] past, an OECD Report has found that USD million Year Approval Disbursed spending on development assistance 2002-03 10.00 - by the world’s major economies has 2003-04 100.00 - fallen for the first time since 1997. With 2004-05 99.87 49.90 there being little likelihood of an early 2005-06 1052.60 97.52 upturn in the advanced economies of 2006-07 141.50 234.72 US, Europe and Japan, it is expected 2007-08 524.50 338.50 that development assistance may fall CRV 2008-09 470.10 288.00 further from current levels precisely at 2009-10 486.50 352.66 a time when the challenge of poverty IMPEX PVT LTD 2010-11 1055.07 398.95 alleviation and eradication in the most 2011-12 1189.41 380.38 vulnerable countries in the world is ever Grand Total 5129.55 2140.64 more daunting than before.Developing Source: Ministry of External Affairs (India) countries in Africa are the worst affected. T : +91 44 24995926 It should also be noted that developmentIndia-Africa Trade F : +91 44 2499592821 out of 34 African LDCs have acceded assistance is only a small proportionPromotionto the India-Africa Duty Free Tariff of total financial flows to developingPreference (DFTP) Scheme.India-Africa countries. India has enhanced JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 THE TIMES OF AFRICA 19
  17. 17. RESPECTED CONTRIBUTION its concessional assistance as well as development cooperation. Nevertheless investment into Africa so as to make a countries of the North and South would Ghana-India Kofi Annan modest contribution to the development find a number of areas where they could Centre of Excellence in ICT of partner countries in the continent. join hands together in delivering much In recent years, there have been more meaningful and effective support Ghana-India Kofi Annan Centre of efforts to promote a collaborative to the development of developing Excellence in ICT, Ghana’s first Advanced approach among emerging countries countries, particularly in Africa. For Information Technology Institute works and traditional donors to meet the example, some of the aid agencies to stimulate growth of ICT Sector in challenge of international development. of OECD countries and multilateral ECOWAS. Established in 2003 through a The Busan conference convened in institutions such as the World Bank partnership between the Govt. of Ghana 2011 was a landmark meeting in this and UNDP, utilise the capacity building and Govt. of India, the State of the art regard.. It brought together all the major infrastructure available in India, to facility provides a dynamic environment train a large number of personnel for innovation, teaching and learning stakeholders together to deliberate on as well as practical research on the the issue of cooperation for development. from African countries through joint application of ICT4D in Africa. info@aiti- In addition to traditional donor countries, programmes. This practice could be representatives of emerging economies, extended in consultation with the non-governmental organisations and other, on the question of development recipient countries. philanthropic institutions were also cooperation. In view of these differences, In this context, exchange of present. What became abundantly clear it was agreed that traditional donor experiences and best practices among at Busan, however, were the differences countries and the new development development partners both from in the approach, modality and norms actors may find it difficult to agree the North and the South including followed by OECD countries on the one upon certain common global norms and multilateral institutions would be both hand and emerging economies on the practices with respect to the delivery of timely and rewarding. 20 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
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  19. 19. Address by Hon’ble President of India H.E. Mr. Pranab Mukherjee On the eve of 64th Republic Day of India powerful public-private partnership rate has more than tripled. The literacyOn the eve of our 64th Republic Day, I nourished by justice, liberty and equality. rate has increased by over four times.My Fellow Citizens:extend warm greetings to all of you in India did not win freedom from the After having attained self-sufficiency,India and abroad. I convey my special British in order to deny freedom to now we are net exporters of food-grain.greetings to members of our armed Indians. The Constitution represented Significant reduction in the incidence offorces, paramilitary forces and internal a second liberation, this time from the poverty has been achieved. Among oursecurity forces. stranglehold of traditional inequity in other major achievements is the drive gender, caste, community, along with towards gender equality.India has changed more in last six decades other fetters that had chained us for toothan in six previous centuries. This is long. No one suggested this would be easy.neither accidental nor providential; The difficulties that accompanied thehistory shifts its pace when touched This inspired a Cultural Evolution first quantum leap, the Hindu code bill,by vision. The great dream of raising a which put Indian society on the track to enacted in 1955 tell their own story. Itnew India from the ashes of colonialism modernity: society changed in a gradual needed the unflinching commitmentreached a historic denouement in evolution, for violent revolution is not the of leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru1947; more important, independence Indian way. Change across the knotted and Babasaheb Ambedkar to pushbecame a turning point for an equally weaves of the social fabric remains a through this remarkable legislation.dramatic narrative, nation-building. work in progress, impelled by periodic Jawaharlal Nehru would later describeThe foundations were laid through our reform in law and the momentum of this as perhaps the most importantConstitution, adopted on 26 January popular will. achievement of his life. The time has now1950, which we celebrate each year as come to ensure gender equality for everyRepublic Day. Its driving principle was In the last six decades there is much that Indian woman. We can neither evade nora compact between state and citizen, a we can be proud of. Our economic growth abandon this national commitment, for22 THE TIMES OF AFRICA JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 Follow us on
  20. 20. the price of neglect will be high. Vested Has corruption overtaken morality in of frontiers. But sponsorship of terrorisminterests do not surrender easily. The public life? Does our legislature reflect through non-state actors is a matter ofcivil society and the government must emerging India or does it need radical deep concern to the entire nation. Wework together to fulfill this national goal. reforms? These doubts have to be set at believe in peace on the border and are rest. Elected representatives must win always ready to offer a hand in the hope back the confidence of the people. The of friendship. But this hand should not beI speak to you when a grave tragedy has anxiety and restlessness of youth has taken for granted.Fellow Citizens:shattered complacency. The brutal rape to be channelized towards change withand murder of a young woman, a woman speed, dignity and order.who was symbol of all that new India India’s most impregnable asset is self- Fellow Citizens:strives to be, has left our hearts empty The young cannot dream on an empty belief. Each challenge becomes anand our minds in turmoil. We lost more stomach. They must have jobs capable of opportunity to strengthen our resolve tothan a valuable life; we lost a dream. If serving their own as well as the nation’s achieve unprecedented economic growthtoday young Indians feel outraged, can ambitions. It is true that we have come and social stability. Such resolve must bewe blame our youth? a long way from 1947, when our first nourished by an avalanche of investment, Budget had revenue of just over Rs.171 particularly in better and greaterThere is a law of the land. But there is also crore. The resource base of the Union education. Education is the ladder thata higher law. The sanctity of a woman is government today is an ocean compared can help those at the bottom to rise toa directive principle of that larger edifice to that drop. But we must ensure that the pinnacles of professional and socialcalled Indian civilization. The Vedas the fruits of economic growth do not status. Education is the mantra that cansay that there is more than one kind become the monopoly of the privileged transform our economic fortunes andof mother: birth mother, a guru’s wife, at the peak of a pyramid. The primary eliminate the gaps that have made oura king’s wife, a priest’s wife, she who purpose of wealth creation must be to society unequal. So far education has notnurses us, and our motherland. Mother is drive out the evil of hunger, deprivation reached, to the extent desired, to thoseour protection from evil and oppression, and marginal subsistence from the base most in need of this ladder. India canour symbol of life and prosperity. When of our expanding population. double its growth rate by turning today’swe brutalize a woman, we wound the disadvantaged into multiple engines ofsoul of our civilization. economic development. Last year has been a testing time for Fellow Citizens:It is time for the nation to reset its moral us all. As we move ahead on the path On our 64th Republic Day, there may becompass. Nothing should be allowed to of economic reforms, we must remain some reason for concern, but none forspur cynicism, as cynicism is blind to alive to the persisting problems of despair. If India has changed more in sixmorality. We must look deep into our market-dependent economies. Many rich decades than six previous centuries, thenconscience and find out where we have nations are now trapped by a culture of I promise you that it will change more infaltered. The solutions to problems have entitlement without social obligations; the next ten years than in the previousto be found through discussion and we must avoid this trap. The results of sixty. India’s enduring vitality is at work.conciliation of views. People must believe our policies should be seen in our villages, Even the British sensed that they werethat governance is an instrument for farms and factories, schools and hospitals. leaving a land which was very differentgood and for that, we must ensure good Figures mean nothing to those who from the one they had occupied. At thegovernance. do not benefit from them. We must act base of the Jaipur Column in Rashtrapati immediately, otherwise the current Bhavan there is an inscription: pockets of conflict, often described as “In thought faith...We are on the cusp of another generational “Naxalite” violence, could acquire far In word wisdom...Fellow Citizens:change; the youth of India spread across more dangerous dimensions. In deed courage...villages and towns, are in the vanguard In life service...of change. The future belongs to them. So may India be great”They are today troubled by a range of In the recent past, we have seen serious Fellow Citizens:existential doubts. Does the system offer atrocities on the Line of Control on The spirit of India is written in stone.due reward for merit? Have the powerful our troops. Neighbours may havelost their Dharma in pursuit of greed? disagreements; tension can be a subtext JAI HIND! JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2013 THE TIMES OF AFRICA 23