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4th paradigm geo science iitb talk march2011

Introduction to 4th Paradigm and its impact in Petroleum Geoscience.
Additional information at:
https://sites.google.com/site/4thparadigmgeoscience/
https://groups.google.com/group/4th-paradigm-geoscience?hl=en

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4th paradigm geo science iitb talk march2011

  1. 1. Presenting the New Technology Data Intensive Science of 21st Century [email_address]
  2. 2. Outline Science has evolved into a new Paradigm of Data Intensive Discovery. It is different from what most Teaching and Research has pursued. Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  3. 3. <ul><li>Evolution of Life - Example of Paradigm Changes </li></ul>Paradigm Change Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in <ul><li>Changes are prolific altering the entire course of evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Time intervals are smaller </li></ul><ul><li>Radical 4 th </li></ul>http://www.harvestbird.com/blog/2010/03/27/geological-time/ 
  4. 4. 4 th Paradigm of Science Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  5. 5. The Changing Game of Knowledge <ul><li>Adapted from: The Big Idea. Next Scientific Revolution. Tony Hey </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard Business Review. November 2010. </li></ul> Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  6. 6. 4 th Paradigm <ul><li>Change in the Principle of Science </li></ul><ul><li>Construct </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Inference </li></ul><ul><li>Verification </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Science is shifting towards inferences heavily dependent on large volumes of data </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  7. 7. Components of 4 th Paradigm <ul><li>Data Capture and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Workflow Centric analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Data, Information, Knowledge Dissemination and Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>These terms are familiar to most of us. </li></ul><ul><li>Extent and nature of understanding commonly </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific framework requirements of these </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  8. 8. 1. Data and Databases <ul><li>Data = qualitative or quantitative attributes of a variable or set of variables </li></ul><ul><li>Database= Structure, Semantics and inter-relationships are ‘defined and embedded’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E-R model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data Dictionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled redundancy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity checks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Method for assessing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Correctness, Completeness and Capability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1982 onwards E&P databases have been designed and developed </li></ul><ul><li>1990 Petrotechnical Open Software Corporation (POSC) </li></ul><ul><li>4 th Paradigm  Focus on Data, Data Organization & Access </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  9. 9. Prerequisites for DB <ul><li>Data Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Data Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Data Capture and Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Trivial issues in these in 21 st century data </li></ul><ul><li>Data Management Principles and concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Structure and Semantic Robustness needs VERY CLEAR COMMON UNDERSTANDING </li></ul><ul><li>Sophisticate Computer Infrastructure </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  10. 10. But Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  11. 11. Schematic Layout + Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  12. 12. Data source – XMT~ Front View Front Left Back Right Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  13. 13. Data Source – Choke~ Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  14. 14. Real-Time data visualization* Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  15. 15. <ul><li>Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul>Problems in E&P – Field water-cut Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in Water Cut % Cum. Oil Produced 1500 blpd 3000 blpd 4500 blpd  <ul><li>Complex trends </li></ul><ul><li>Economic value </li></ul><ul><li>Predictability </li></ul><ul><li>Verifiability </li></ul><ul><li>Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Seismic </li></ul><ul><li>Well Logs </li></ul><ul><li>Reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul>Data pointing to limitations and fallibility of various results & theories W-8 W-15 W-17 W-19 W-52 W-112 W-122 W-135 W-137 W-140 W-145 W-148 W-154 W-951
  16. 16. Micro-CT Data Apr 8, 2011 5 GB of data from each sample. Simulation studies on each scenario 5GB G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in  Core Property Estimated Value Connectivity 6.23 Volume Connectivity 9.11 Pore Size (Microns) 34 Throat Size (Microns) 14 Pore-Throat Aspect 3.1 Aspect Volume Weighted 4.4
  17. 17. <ul><li>Change is no more the only unchanged thing, it is also changing radically </li></ul>Why is the Paradigm Change  Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in <ul><li>Proliferation of Instrumentation </li></ul><ul><li>Precise and Accurate measurements </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum leap in Resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic Data measurement and Capture </li></ul><ul><li>Data pointing to limitations and fallibility of various results & theories </li></ul><ul><li>Simulation is developing into Real-Time predictive </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematical and Computation complexity </li></ul><ul><li>New Computational model has evolved (Cloud) </li></ul><ul><li>Changing culture of open visible life </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge of Science has gone beyond generalization </li></ul>
  18. 18. 2. Workflows and Analysis <ul><li>? Workflow </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Workflow characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative workflows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workflow Sequence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parallel concurrent Workflows </li></ul></ul><ul><li>? Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Numerical Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Exploratory Data Analysi </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  19. 19. Formal Workflow Systems <ul><li>Taverna : Fully featured, extensible and scalable scientific Workflow Management System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal –vs- Informal Workflows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intuitive –vs- Verifiable Workflows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workflow Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analytics on Large data volume </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Looking beyond MS-EXCEL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R-Programming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharable Workflows and Analysis </li></ul></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  20. 20. But, Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  21. 21. Changing Geoscience <ul><li>Wish based R&D –vs- Need based R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Earth Systems Science </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumental Geology </li></ul><ul><li>Geoscience will follow the Evolving Science Methodologies in Other AGGRESSIVE EARLY ADAPTORS </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  22. 22. <ul><li>Future is not what it used to be </li></ul>How will it impact Science Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in <ul><li>Commercial Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Biotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Genome project </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Research </li></ul><ul><li>CERN </li></ul><ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul> <ul><li>Rapid Discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Fast changing inference </li></ul><ul><li>Data   Discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Real-Time </li></ul>EXAMPLES from Early adopters IMPACT on Geosciences and E&P
  23. 23. <ul><li>Commercial world had evolved in late 20 th century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infer meaning from data and take action - Structured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convergence of simple measures for action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> 90% of IT efforts world over are focused </li></ul></ul>When is 4 th Paradigm Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in <ul><li>Astronomy (SDSS) - 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Human Genome Project - 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Oil Field Initiative - 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>LHC, CERN - 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Heath Care Records (HER,PHR) - 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>4 th Paradigm formal recognition - 2007 </li></ul>
  24. 24. Geoscience data initiatives <ul><li>INTERNATIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>NCAR – Data Model, HPC access, Software, Storage, Collaboration, Delivery ( http://cdp.ucar.edu / ). </li></ul><ul><li>USGS – Spatial Data Standard ( http :// www.fgdc.gov/nsdi/nsdi.html http://datapreservation.usgs.gov / Colorado Core Research Center </li></ul><ul><li>Kentucky Geological Survey – ( http ://www.uky.edu/KGS / ) </li></ul><ul><li>National Resources Canada – ( http:// gdr.nrcan.gc.ca/index_e.php ) </li></ul><ul><li>Geological Survey of New South Wales - GADDS - Geophysical Archive Data Delivery System ( http:// www.dpi.nsw.gov.au/minerals/geological ) </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>Geological Survey of India ( http:// www.portal.gsi.gov.in ) Geological Maps, Reports </li></ul><ul><li>DGH ( http://www.dghindia.org / ) NELP descriptions. NDR is being discussed </li></ul><ul><li>NIO, Goa ( http:// www.nio.org/index/title/HOME ) Data repositories as Files </li></ul><ul><li>NRSA ( http://www.nrsc.gov.in / ) Sells data </li></ul><ul><li>MILES TO GO </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  25. 25. Tried and Failed Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  26. 26. 3. Collaborative GeoScience <ul><li>Data </li></ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Individual DIK </li></ul><ul><li>Teams DIK </li></ul><ul><li>Giga-Global DIK </li></ul><ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary </li></ul><ul><li>Wish Based. Add-on </li></ul><ul><li>Local Need. Contribute </li></ul><ul><li>Breakthrough </li></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in
  27. 27. What needs to be Done <ul><li>Recognize the 4 th Paradigm </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the basic Building blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Start Practicing </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learn Data Modeling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Build Data Models (Structure & Semantics) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Data Grids </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learn and adapt Workflows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learn Analytics on R </li></ul></ul></ul>Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in 
  28. 28. Apr 8, 2011 G Srikanth. Reliance Industries Ltd. E&P. guruswamy.srikanth@ril.com, g_srikanth@aol.in <ul><li>REFERENCES </li></ul><ul><li>+ RIL’s KGD6 Fields. Transforming India’s Energy Landscape. Supplement to Oil&Gas Journal, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Tony Hey, Stewart Tansley, and Krist in Tolle (Eds)., The Fourth Paradigm. Data Intensive Scientific Discovery. Microsoft Research, Washington. 2009., Pp252. </li></ul><ul><li>Tony Hey, The Big Idea: The Next Scientific Revolution, HBR Magazine, Nov.2010. </li></ul><ul><li>C.H. Arns et.al., PETROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES DERIVED FROM X-RAY CT IMAGES; APPEA JOURNAL 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Srikanth, G. and Kalyanasundar, R., An Entity Relationship model for Palaeontology Information System., Contrs. XV Indian Colloq. Micropal. Strat. (Eds. Pandey.J, Azmi, R.J., Bhandari, A and Dave, A) 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Srikanth, G and Kalyanasundar, R., Quantitative Foraminiferal Bio-stratigraphy for Late Paleocene to Pleistocene in Krishna-Godavari basin. India. XIV Colloquium on Micropaleontology and Stratigraphy. Univ. Madras. 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>Srikanth, G., “Smart Workflows”: Paradigm shifts, Work metrics and People support for facilitating advanced knowledge technologies in upstream work. Keynote paper at – 5th Annual Oil & Gas Exchange, IQPC. London. November. 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Shahab D. Mohagjegh, Modavi, A., Hafez H. Hafez., Masoud Haajizadeh, Maher Kenawy and Srikanth, G. SPE 99667. Development of Surrogate Reservoir Models (SRM) for fast-track analysis of complex reservoirs. SPE Intelligent Energy Conf. Amsterdam. 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Unpublished internal reports of ONGC.. 1984-94 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative Biostratigraphic Correlation, 1985. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative Stratigraphy and Basin Modeling of Krishna Godavari Basin. V-1; 1987 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paleontology Information System, PALIMS, 1994. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>* Personal Communications from RIL Production Intelligence and Drilling RTOC. 2011. </li></ul>~ http://www.akersolutions.com/en/Global-menu/Products-and-Services/technology-segment/Subsea-production-systems-and-products/Subsea-production-systems-and-technologies/Subsea-trees/HPHT-subsea-tree/ http://en.wikipedia.org Http://www.pointcross.com http://semanticweb.org/wiki/Semantic_Web http://hbr.org/2010/11/the-big-idea-the-next-scientific-revolution/ar/1# http://www.docstoc.com/docs/68059591/GUIDELINES-IN-DEVELOPING-A-FIRST-RATE-GEOSCIENCE-DATA-REPOSITORY

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