The Making of an Act:
from Bill to Act
Mirra Saniya 071311233002
Ni Putu Bunga Levista Briliani 071311233025
Amalia Mastur 071311233036
Sri Harini Wijayanti 071311233049
Didang Alexander 071311233063
Rosalia Jasmine 071311233077
Bill is a proposed law, the idea could proposed by anyone,
through the Senate or the House.
Legislator who introduces the bill Sponsor
The other legislator who support the bill Co-Sponsor
Bill to Act
House introduced the bill to the hopper, marked and
numbered as HR 1,2,.. House Resolution 1,2,..
Senate introduced the bill to the clerks at the Presiding Officer,
marked and numbered as S 1,2,.. Senate Bill 1,2,..
Speaker of the House or Presiding Officer in Senate may or
may not call the bill for the First Reading assigned to the
appropriate jurisdiction committee.
Senate assigned to one committee. House using referral
system to assigned the bill.
Introduction & Referral Process
Hearing is scheduled and invited various experts, government
officials, and lobbyists.
Bill marked up and revised before sent to the floor.
Senate Calendar of General Orders & Executive Calendar.
House Union Calendar, House Calendar, Private Calendar,
First Reading Hearing Reject Go back to the origin
house for Second Reading Hearing Pass Third
Second Reading any legislator of the house of origin can
suggest amendments to the bill.
Third Reading amendments can be made but needs two-
thirds of the legislators agree to it.
Rules Commitee of the House :
1. An open rule permits amendments to any part of the bills.
2. A closed rule forbids amendments to the bills.
3. A modified rule prohibits amendments to some part of the bills but
allow the others.
The main stages of floor consideration are general debate,
amending, and final passage by the House.
Senators are allowed to talk as much about each bill as they
No restrictions on amendments are allowed in the Senate
which led to an occasional filibuster.
Both requires majority vote by the members present.
Floor Debate & Votes
Voting the Bill
Viva Voce Division
Reconcile the differences from the two versions, one from the
House and one from the Senate.
About 10 to 15 percent of the bills each year need to be
discussed in this conference because the House version and
the Senate version is not the same.
President Action Final Result!
Sign & pass the bill
The bill become
Oppose the bill Veto the bill
Take no action
Become a law after
10 days if the
Congress is in