Determine your purpose and subject


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Determine your purpose and subject

  1. 1. Public Sepeaking Determine Your Purpose and Subject By : Sri Harningce Lecturer: Sutria Rahayu, S.Pd Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan Dan Ilmu Pendidikan YDB Lubuk Alung 2013
  2. 2. Chapter 2 Determine Your Purpose and Subject
  3. 3. purpose To etertain To inform To persuade
  4. 4. cece To entertain to elicit a plasuareable response, or to amuse to inform to persuade to add knowledge or understanding of the listener •To convince •To reinforce •To actuate
  5. 5. Selecting A Subject 1. Is the subject suited to my purpose ? 2. Is the subject interesting to me ? 3. Am i qualified to speak on this subject ? 4. Will my audiance find this subject intaresting ? 5. Will my audiance find this subject useful ? 6. Is my subject sufficiently restricted ?
  6. 6. CHAPTER 3 Audience Analysis
  7. 7. Will My Audience Find This Subject Interisting Salesperson who doesn’t the product will soon be out of a job, the comedienne who doesn’t evoke laughter will fall flat on her face, and the politician who doesn’t get votes will not get elected. Therefore when developing your speech, you must always consider your purpose in terms of audience response.
  8. 8. An example : As a salesperson you might be able to invite your customer to buy the product that you have offered. you have to know about your custemer purpose, daily needs, so you have to consider your speech. As the politician you might be able to invite the people to choic you in political stage. The ways of you invite them is very influenced of your speech.
  9. 9. Will My Audience Find This Subject Useful People willingly pay attention if they will gain something from doing so. You pay attention to the directions for filing out your income tax because you have something to gain if you do something to lost if you don’t. If for some reason members of your audience need to know the information you will be giving them in your speech, tell them the do. To show an audience how to react to an accident in the home and then explain to them only at the conclusion of your speech that the majority of accidents occur in the home. Whenever possible, give your listener a reason for listening, and do it during the introduction to you speech.
  10. 10. the second reason that people pay attention is to satisfy an interest. Less effort is required to pay attention to what is interisting than to what is useful. Consider your own experience. An example : The football lovers want to discuss about football because they interest about it. They don’t think it useful or not, but they want to do that because the really like of football. The people who interest about music when they get information about their idol concern in their place. They want to see it and discuss with their friends about their experience because it interest to them.
  11. 11. What Is My Audience’s Knowledge Of My Subject ? Considering what your listeners already know about your subject is an important part of audience analysis. If your audience has litte or no knowledge of your subject, you must explain unfamiliar terminology and concepts to them. Your educated guess as to the audience’s knowledge of your subject should be an important consideration in terms of your choice of subject and purpose for each speech you make.
  12. 12. What Demographic Characterristics Should I Consider About My Audien? • The word demography is derived from the greek word demos, meaning “people.” The demographic consideration of your audience has to do with their vital statistics : age,education, beliefs, special interests, and so on. These characteristics can often help you in determining how to handle your subject. For example, as a rule, young people tend to be more physically active than older people, more inclined to engage in sports rather than watch them. Consequently, when talking about a particular sport, you might treat it as participation sport for a younger audience and as a spectator sport for an older group.
  13. 13. The education level of your audience could be importhant to you for a number of reason. One of these has to do with the relationship between education and voabulary. You must speak to your audience in familiar words that they can instantly understand. Another consideration is that a well educated audience will be more aware of vital issues and current event than a less educated one will. Any of these demographic characteristic might be important to as you prepare your speech. The success of your speech is always determined in terms of audience response.
  14. 14. Is My Audience’s Attitude Favorable Indiffernt, Or Opposed ?  A Favorable audience Perhaps the geatest advantage to dealing with a favorable audience is that they are usually both suportive and attentive. Your goal when comunicating to them is to rainforce their positive attitude. If they enjoy humor, they more effectively you entertaint them with your humor, they more successful you wll be.
  15. 15.  An indifferent audience When an audience is different, your job is to stimulate their interest.this can best be done by explaining the usefulness of the subject to them, by gaining their attention with a frest imaginative approach, or by conbination of both. Take this action as soon as possible in your introduction.
  16. 16.  An opposed audience The hardest audience to deal with is one that incudes many whu disagree with your point of view of your subject. If you find that this is the case and you have choicein the matter, you might consider choosing another topic. If you have no alternative, however, or are enthusiastic about your subject, consentrate on presenting your material so that you provide information that will make your audience less opposed toward your subject than they were when you started. Be aware that there is little change in viewpoint among those who listen to things with which they strongly disagree. For example, Bety decided to deliver a speech on ne of her favorite subjects,opera. In talking to her clasmates, she found that many in her audience were didn’t like her topic.